All posts by nenonenoneno

English teacher | Active English | @EnglishTips4U

#EngTips: Polite vs. not polite

In this opportunity, I want to share to you about “polite and not polite”. I think this is important, so pay attention, please. :)

What does being polite mean?

  1. Being polite means showing consideration for the feelings or wishes of others.
  2. Sometimes we have to be more polite than at other times.
  3. In general, the people we wish to be more polite to are ‘important’ people or strangers.
  4. The usual rule is: ‘The more words you use, the more polite you are!’

isn’t that definition refer to “being considerate” –

Yes, being polite also means being considerate & respectful. – @EnglishTips4U

Let’s see these examples:

  • Not polite: ‘Min, reply my DM!’
  • Polite: ‘Hi, min. Could you please reply my DM? Thanks a bunch.’

Which of the two sentences is more likely to get a response from our admin? Can you see the difference, fellas?

The more words you use, the more polite the sentence gets. Take a look at the picture for examples.

It’s not necessary to be so very polite to friends, equals, or members of our family, unless they are old. To make a sentence a little more polite, you can add ‘please.’ Also, you can offer an explanation for your request.

Let’s see this example:

“My campus is going to hold an event and we need your help. Could you please check your DM? Thank you.”

Usually you will be more polite to people such as your boss, teacher, and also to people you don’t know well, old people, etc.

If you want to be very polite, like talking to a stranger, you can say:

  1. ‘Would you mind + V-ing ?’
  2. ‘Could you possibly + V1 ?’

In requests, it is generally polite to use a question form, and a tentative form like ‘would.’

Another way to be polite is to give a hint, so that the other person can guess what you want.

Let’s see this example:

  • A: ‘Hi, B. We can’t seem to find your email.’
  • B: ‘Oh, do you want me to resend my email?’
  • A: ‘Yes, please.’

In English, it is polite to:

  1. Greet people when you see them.
  2. Talk about them first.
  3. Use ‘please’ and ‘thank you.’
  4. Say ‘sorry’ if you do anything wrong, however small.
  5. Say ‘excuse me’ if you ask someone in the street.

Well, that’s all this lesson on ‘polite & not polite’. Hope it’s useful. Don’t forget to practice what you have learned. :)

Source: An A – Z of English Grammar & Usage by Geoffrey Leech et al.

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, June 19, 2014

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#EngVocab: what’s the Indonesian for…?

Hari ini admin mau berbagi vocabulary Bahasa Inggris dan admin perlu bantuan fellas untuk menyebutkan terjemahannya dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Tema vocabulary agak random dan bagi yang sudah punya , yuk dibuka bukunya, karena sesi ini ada di bagian  “What’s the English for…?”

So, let’s start…


  1. Pins and needles: ________
    • “Ow, my leg hurts. I’ve got pins and needles.”
  2. Nosy: _______
    • “My neighbor is so nosy!”
  3. Blue: _______
    • “Don’t bother asking her out. She’s been feeling blue lately.”
  4. Exaggerating: _______
    • “I think you’re exaggerating the real story a little bit.”
  5. Nature calls: ________
    • “I need to go to the toilet. Nature calls!”
  6. Pick nose: ________
    • “Stop picking your nose in public!”
  7. Hiccup: ________
    • “Oh, no, I’ve got the hiccups! I can’t stop!”
  8. Tacky: ________
    • “Where is he from? His clothes are so tacky.”
  9. Scabies: ________
    • “The dog got scabies all over its body.”
  10. Burp: ________
    • “It’s not polite to burp after you finish your meal.”


  1. Kesemutan
  2. Kepo
  3. Galau
  4. Lebay
  5. Kebelet
  6. Mengupil
  7. Cegukan
  8. Norak
  9. Kurap
  10. Sendawa

Source: Things Your English Books Don’t Tell You by @EnglishTips4U

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, August 7, 2014.



#EngVocab: Success, successful, succeed, successfully

In this post, I would like to invite you to discuss something that seems trivial but actually important: the word ‘sukses‘ in English.

Many times, especially on posters or banners for events or seminars, I saw people wrote:


Is this correct? What do you think?

no. it’s supposed to be : to be a successful person :D – @ceravika

Yes. That’s correct! That banner is indeed wrong.

Here’s a question for you. Tell me the difference:

  1. Success
  2. Successful
  3. Succeed
  4. Successfully

Each of the 4 words has different meaning and is in different part of speech (jenis kata).

The problem is… No. 1-3 in bahasa Indonesia are called with the same word: sukses. Although success (n.) is actually: kesuksesan.

This is why many people whose first language is bahasa Indonesia mix the use of success, successful, and succeed.

Let’s ask what each of these 4 words means.

1. Success (noun)

  • a. [U] the achieving of the results wanted or hoped for.
    • Example:
      • Everybody wants to reach success.
  • b. [C] something that achieves positive results.
    • Example:
      • The book promo was a great success!

In bahasa Indonesia

  • Success (noun): kesuksesan (kata benda).
    • Example:
      • Semua orang ingin meraih kesuksesan.

2. Successful (adjective)

  • achieving the results wanted or hoped for.
    • Example:
      • Everybody wants to be successful.

In bahasa Indonesia

  • Successful (adjective): sukses (kata sifat).
    • Example:
      • Semua orang ingin menjadi sukses.


3. Succeed (verb)

  • achieving something that you have been aiming for.
    • Example:
      • Congrats! You succeeded in passing the test.

In bahasa Indonesia

  • Succeed (verb): sukses/berhasil (kata kerja).
    • Example:
      • Semua orang ingin sukses/berhasil.


4. Successfully (adverb)

In bahasa Indonesia

  • Successfully (adverb): dengan/secara sukses (kata keterangan).
    • Example:
      • He passed successfully. (Dia lulus dengan sukses.)


Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, June 11, 2014


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#EngTrivia: 10 funny-sounding and interesting English words

Hello, hello, fellas. How are you guys doing? By the way, today I would like to share 10 funny-sounding and interesting English words, according to Merriam-Webster Dictionary.

  1. Bumfuzzle. Meaning: confuse; perplex; fluster.
    • Example:
      • “The team has successfully bumfuzzled its opponent.”
  2. Cattywampus. Meaning: askew, awry, kitty-corner.
    • Example:
      • “Everything goes cattywampus since the incident.”
  3. Gardyloo. Meaning: used in Edinburgh as a warning cry when it was customary to throw slops from the windows into the streets.
  4. Taradiddle. Meaning:
    1. a fib
    2. pretentious nonsense.
      • Example;
        • “Stop the taradiddles. Let’s get to work!”
  5. Billingsgate. Meaning: coarsely abusive language.
    • Example:
      • “Ssh! No billingsgate allowed in this room!”
  6. Snickersnee. Meaning:
    1. (archaic) to engage in cut-and-thrust fighting with knives;
    2. a large knife.
      • Example:
        • “I drew my snickersnee.”
  7. Widdershins. Meaning: in a left-handed or contrary direction; counterclockwise.
    • Example:
      • “The wind moves widdershins as the sky grows dark.”
  8. Collywobbles. Meaning: pain in the abdomen and especially in the stomach; a bellyache.
    • Example:
      • “‘Mommy, I got collywobbles,’ cried the kid.”
  9. Gubbins. Meaning:
    1. dialect (Britain): fish parings or refuse;
    2. broadly: any bits and pieces.
      • Example:
        • “Collect all your gubbins and go.”
  10. Diphthong. Meaning: 2 vowel sounds joined in one syllable to form one speech sound, e.g. the sounds of “ou” in out and of “oy” in boy.

Source: Funny-Sounding and Interesting Words

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, August 15, 2014.



#EngVocab: Verbs that express “moving” activities

Today I’d like to share some verbs that express “moving” activities. Hmm.. What are they? Well, here they are!

Without transport, we can walk, run, jump, dance, swim, jog, climb, fall. Which one do you often do the most, fellas? :)

With transport we can do many things, but first let’s have a closer look on the different verbs we use for different transports.

  1. You “go by car/plane/bus/train/bike/motorbike/ship/taxi/underground,” not “by a car,” etc. Omit the “a”.
  2. You “take a bus/train/taxi/plane” and you “take the underground.” Can you see how we use the articles “a” and “the” in the example?
  3. You “ride a bicycle/bike/motorbike/horse.”
  4. You “drive a car/bus/train.” See the difference between “ride” and “drive”?
  5. The pilot “flies a plane.”
    • Another example:
      • How did you get to Jakarta?

      • We flew there.

  6. If you “catch the bus, train, or plane,” you arrive in time to get it. Who can help me define what “in time” means?
    • “It means “punctually,promptly, you arrive there before it’s late.” – “
    • “Before the scheduled time?”- “
  7. If you “miss the bus, train, or plane,” you arrive too late to get it. Have you ever experienced this, fellas?
  8. You “arrive at/in a place,” not “to a place.”
    • Example:

A. The train arrived in Semarang on time.

B. The plane arrived late at Ngurah Rai.

Source: English Vocabulary in Use by Michael McCarthy and Felicity O’Dell

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, September 7, 2014



#BusEng #EngVocab: Types of job & types of work

Since today is Monday, let’s learn some terms related to business English. The topic is types of job and types of work.

  1. A full-time job is for the whole normal working week.
  2. A part-time job is for less time than that.
    • Example:
      • “Andrea works part-time as a barista in the cafe on the corner.”
  3. A permanent job does not finish after a fixed period.
  4. A temporary job finishes after a fixed period.
    • Example:
      • “I’m doing temporary work as an art worker to gain experience.”

So, what kind of job or work are you currently having or doing, fellas? To check your understanding on the types of job or work, let’s do this small quiz, fellas. I will start with an example.

  • Example:
    • Q: “I’m Alicia. I work in a public library in the afternoons from two until six. (I/ job)”
    • A: “I have a part-time job.”


  1. My husband works in an office from 9 am to 5.30 pm. (he/job)
  2. Our daughter works in a bank from eight till five every day. (she/work)
  3. I’m David and I work in a cafe from 8 pm until midnight. (I/work)
  4. My wife works in local government and she can have this job for as long as she wants it. (she/job)
  5. Our son is working on a farm for four weeks. (he/job)
  6. Our daughter is working in an office for three weeks. (she/work)


  1. He has a full-time job.
  2. She works full-time.
  3. I work part-time.
  4. She has a permanent job.
  5. He has a temporary job.
  6. She has temporary work.

Source: Business Vocabulary in Use – Intermediate by Bill Masculll

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on September 15, 2014.



#BusEng #EngVocab: Word combinations using the word “meeting”

Today I would like to share some vocabulary related to.. “meetings!” Do you like meetings? How often do you have a meeting?

Here are 11 word combinations using the word “meeting” and their meanings.

  1. Arrange/set up/fix a meeting. Meaning: organize a meeting.
    • Example:
      • “I’m fixing a meeting with the team members this week.”
  2. Bring forward a meeting. Meaning: make a meeting earlier than originally decided.
    • Example:
      • “Alex has brought forward the meeting to tomorrow.”
  3. Put back/postpone a meeting. Meaning: make a meeting later than originally planned.
    • Example:
      • “Let’s postpone the meeting until everyone is ready.”
  4. Cancel a meeting. Meaning: not have a meeting after all.
    • Example:
      • “Did our boss cancel the meeting? I don’t see anyone coming.”
  5. Run/chair a meeting. Meaning: be in charge of a meeting.
    • Example:
      • “Who will run the meeting tonight? You?”
  6. Attend a meeting. Meaning: go to a meeting.
    • Example:
      • “I will attend a big meeting with very important clients tomorrow. I need to be ready.”
  7. Miss a meeting. Meaning: not go to a meeting.
    • Example:
      • “I can’t believe I missed our meeting because I overslept this morning!”


  • Business Vocabulary in Use – Intermediate by Bill Masculll

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on October 10, 2014



#EngGame #BusEng: Presentation types

Anyway, Fellas, have you ever presented something in front of an audience, in college or at work? Believe it or not, presentation skill is one of the most important skills for students and working people. And apparently there are many types of presentation, and that’s what our topic for today is. Can you guess? Join this !

Let me give you an example:

S _ _ _ _ _ _: a financial adviser gives advice about investments to eight people. Can you guess?

“Seminar?” – 

Very good! You’re right! :-D

Let’s start the game!


  1. P _ _ _ _ C _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _: two chief executives tell journalists why their companies have merged.
  2. W _ _ _ _ _ _ _: a yoga expert tells people how to improve their breathing techniques and gets them to practice.
  3. L _ _ _ _ _ _: a university professor communicates information about economics to 300 students.
  4. B _ _ _ _ _ _ _: a senior officer gives information to other officers about an operation they are about to undertake.
  5. P _ _ _ _ _ _ L _ _ _ _ _: a car company announces a new model.
  6. T _ _ _: a member of a stamp-collecting club tells other members about 19th century British stamps.
  7. D _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _: the head of research & development tells non-technical colleagues about a new machine.


  1. Press conference
  2. Workshop
  3. Lecture
  4. Briefing
  5. Product launch
  6. Talk
  7. Demonstration

Source: Business Vocabulary in Use – Intermediate by Bill Masculll

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on November 3, 2014.




#EngGame: How many past simple verbs can you make with these letters?

TGIF, Fellas! Wanna do something fun tonight? Let me ask you a question: What type of verb do you use in Past Simple Tense? Yes, it’s Past Simple verbs, or commonly known as Verb 2. So, what’s the game for tonight? Here’s the challenge:

Look at the picture attached. Do you see the letters?

Past Simple verbs game

You only need to do one thing: find as many Past Simple verbs (verb 2) as possible, using the letters. Let me give you some examples: “talked,” “took,” “ate.” The verbs can be regular or irregular. So, up for the challenge? :D

Here are some of the possible verbs:

  • “heard,”
  • “cooked,”
  • “talked,”
  • “rode,”
  • “read,”
  • “ran,”
  • “booked,”
  • “rained,”
  • “shook,”
  • “hooked.”

Source: English Brainstormers! by Jack Umstatter

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on November 14, 2014.



#EngGame: Vocabulary related to gym and sports

Who likes going to the gym or doing sports? Well, I have the just for you! Feel free to participate! :-)

The rules are easy:

  1. Guess/answer the word.
  2. Put the number of the question.
  3. Include the clue if you can.

Here’s an example:

A _ _: abdominal muscles, the muscles below one’s chest.

“Abs?” –

Yes, that’s right! :-D

So let’s start the game!


  1. T _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _: a machine with a moving belt upon which a person can walk, jog, or run.
  2. S _ _ _ _: a type of bath in dry heat to cause perspiration.
  3. A _ _ _ _ _ _ _: cardiovascular exercise that involves sustained movement to stimulate the heart.
  4. O _ _ _ _: very overweight.
  5. Y _ _ _: a type of physical and spiritual exercise that involves positioning the body in various ways.
  6. P _ _ _-_ _: an exercise performed stomach-down on one’s hands and toes that involves pushing oneself up & away from the floor and back again.
  7. A _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _: a chemical substance in the body associated with bursts of speed or strength.
  8. M _ _ _ _ _ _: using the hands to rub the back or other part of the body for pleasure, relaxation, or physical therapy.
  9. S _ _-_ _: abdominal exercise that involves the repeated movement of lying flat on the floor and pulling into a sitting position.
  10. A _ _ _ _ _ _: mental uneasiness, intense worry, fear, or concern.


  1. Treadmill
  2. Sauna
  3. Aerobics
  4. Obese
  5. Yoga
  6. Push-up
  7. Adrenaline
  8. Massage
  9. Sit-up
  10. Anxiety

Source: Fluent English by Barbara Raifsnider

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on November 20, 2014.



#EngKnowledge: Short history of May Day

May 1st, is an annual holiday where we celebrate Labor Day or International Workers’ Day, also known as May Day. Do you know what May Day means and the history behind it? This time, let me share some knowledge and facts about this day.

Are you currently working, fellas? How many hours do you work in a day? 8 hours? Where did this rule come from?

Well, here’s the history…

  • May Day is originally a pagan holiday, which is an ancient Northern Hemisphere spring festival.
  • But in relation to Labor Day, it is held in commemoration of four workers executed for struggling for an 8-hour day.
  • On 1 May 1886, a strike demanding an 8 hour day in Chicago started. 400,000 workers from different backgrounds were involved.
  • The eight-hour movement began a century before that, 1806. In that era workers worked 19 to 20 hours a day. Imagine that!
  • Two days after 1 May 1886, a mass meeting was held. After a police attack and a bomb, 8 men were captured and stood trial.
  • Although there was no proof that the 8 men threw the bomb, and the defense was not allowed to present evidence, 7 were sentenced to death.
  • 1 was sentenced to 15 years in prison. After a massive international campaign for their release, 2 were sentenced to life imprisonment.
  • The day before the executions, 1 committed suicide. On 11 November 1887 Parsons, Engel, Spies and Fischer were hanged.
  • 600,000 workers came to their funeral. The campaign to free the other 3 workers continued. They were eventually set free.
  • Later evidence showed that the bomb may have been thrown by a police agent, as a way to discredit the labour movement.
  • 1904, the International Socialist Conference meeting in Amsterdam declared 1 May as the legal establishment of the 8-hour day.
  • In Indonesia Labor Day has been celebrated since 1920. But it was prohibited during Soeharto era. In 2014 it has become a public holiday.
  • Well, that’s the end of our tonight. Remember, it never hurts to learn some history. It even brings us many advantages! :)
  • Learning history makes you appreciate life & give thanks to those who lived before you & sacrificed so you can enjoy what you have today. :)

Sources: A short history of May DayInternational Workers’ Day and Hari Buruh on Wikipedia

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, May 1, 2014

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#IOTW: Idioms related to election

As we all know today is the second day of Indonesia’s election campaign season. Now let me share some idioms related to election tonight.

Or perhaps you know any that you can share here? Feel free to mention us. Don’t forget to RT if you find them interesting.

  1. Two horse race. Meaning: kompetisi/pemilihan yang tidak punya banyak kemungkinan pemenang.
    • Example:
      • “Will this year’s election be a two horse race?”
  2. To vote with your feet. Meaning: pergi/meninggalkan (tempat).
    • Ezample:
      • “If you don’t like my decision you can vote with your feet.”
  3. Politically correct (PC). Meaning: tidak menggunakan bahasa yang menyebabkan orang lain tersinggung/terluka.
    • Example:
      • “She is always PC.”
  4. Political football. Meaning: masalah yang tidak bisa diselesaikan karena politik di dalamnya (kontroversial).
    • Example:
      • “Many issues are political football.”
  5. Hot air. Meaning: omongan yang kosong; berlebihan; sok.
    • Example:
      • “Politicians are usually full of hot air.”
  6. Election fever. Meaning: hiruk-pikuk media tiap kali pemilihan umum diumumkan.
    • Example:
      • “The media is suffering from election fever right now.”
  7. Toe the party line. Meaning: menyesuaikan dengan standar/aturan partai politik Anda.
    • Example:
      • “He’s trying hard to toe the party line.”
  8. Political hot potato. Meaning: sesuatu yang berpotensi berbahaya/memalukan.
    • Example:
      • “The Century case is a political hot potato.”
  9. Hung parliament. Meaning: sebuah parlemen di mana tidak ada satu partai politik yang memiliki suara mayoritas.
    • Example:
      • “Will it be a hung parliament?”
  10. Press the flesh. Meaning: berjabat tangan/bersalaman.
    • Example:
      • “The presidential candidate has to do a lot of flesh pressing during the campaign.”

I hope you can learn something new from our today. And for those who are old enough to vote, remember to use your rights wisely. :)

Source: Idioms and Sayings about Elections on LEO Network

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, March 17, 2014.



#EngQuiz: Commonly confused words in English

In this post, we’re going to have a little practice on how well you can differentiate some commonly confused words in English. For example: What’s the difference between affect & effect? :)

Let’s see this sentence. Fill in the gap with the right word:

“Andy’s absence did not ___ (affect/effect) us.”

“affect with an a as a verb and effect with an e as a noun” – @_Electra330_

“affect” – 

Let’s start! Choose the right word from the brackets to fill in the gap.

1. Thanks for your (advise/advice). It’s really helpful!

2. like all seafood (accept/except) octopus.

3. I need to go to the (stationary/stationery) store to buy some pencils.

4. If you want to be fluent you have to (practise/practice) your English a lot.

5. Put on the (break/brake) if you want to stop the car.

6. Her new hair and the makeup (complement/compliment) each other well.

7. Please don’t go! I don’t want to (lose/loose) you.

8. What do you want for (desert/dessert)?

9. I think I’ll (choose/choice) this shirt. It’s better than that one.

10. The school (principal/principle) usually leads the flag ceremony at school.

Sources: Commonly confused words & Common Errors in English Usage

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, February 17, 2014

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#IOTW: Funniest English idioms

Hello, fellas! How are you? Feeling like talking about idioms? Today I wanna share 10 funniest idioms in English. ;)

  1. Finger lickin’ good. Meaning: very tasty; delicious.
    • Example:
      • “This rendang is finger lickin’ good!”
  2. Use your loaf. Meaning: use your head; be smart.
    • Example:
      • Use your loaf. How could a dog pass through such a small hole?”
  3. To drink like a fish. Meaning: to drink very heavily.
    • Example:
      • “He drank like a fish after the marathon.”
  4. To have a cast iron stomach. Meaning: to have no problems with eating anything or drinking anything.
    • Example:
      • “I want to have a cast iron stomach!”
  5. To put a sock in it. Meaning: to tell noisy person or a group to be quiet.
    • Example:
      • Put a sock in it! I’m trying to sleep.”
  6. Everything but the kitchen sink. Meaning: almost everything someone can think of.
    • Example:
      • “The store sells everything but the kitchen sink!”
  7. To pig out. Meaning: to eat a lot and eat it quickly.
    • Example:
      • “It’s my birthday. Let’s pig out!”
  8. To have Van Gogh’s ear for music. Meaning: to be tone deaf.
    • Example:
      • “My goodness, she sings very badly. She has Van Gogh’s ear for music.”
  9. When pigs fly Meaning: (something that) will never ever happen.
    • Example:
      • “She will like you… when pigs fly.”
  10. The lights are on, but nobody’s home. Meaning: talking about a stupid person.
    • Example:
      • “Here he goes again. The lights are on, but nobody’s home.

I hope the idioms could be useful and entertaining. Any of them describes you? If yes, which one? :D

: As same as with lebaran monyet rite?”: 9. When pigs fly: (something that) will never ever happen.

Sources: POSTER: 10 Funniest English Idioms & Oxford Dictionaries

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, January 22, 2014.



#EngGame: Fix the capitalization!

Do you know the complete rules of capitalization? We once discussed it here #EngClass: capitalization. You can also read Capitalization on Wikipedia

For each number I’m gonna write a sentence without capital letters. What you do: fix the capitalization and rewrite it. Easy! :D


  1. in my last holiday my friends and i went to lake toba in north sumatra
  2. will you check my body temperature, doctor?
  3. many people in western countries spend their summer holidays in the tropics.
  4. do you know chairil anwar? he’s a famous poet from indonesia.
  5. don’t forget to take grammar 101 with ms ida this semester.
  6. do you think president sby will be reelected in next year’s presidential election?
  7. dear mr ridwan,

    we are sorry for the inconvenience. the ac in mawar ballroom will be fixed right away.

  8. here are some of my favorite foods: fried rice, satay, and opor ayam.
  9. the ministry of education and culture of the republic of indonesia launched a new curriculum, kurikulum 2013, this year.
  10. you should read this book by pramoedya ananta toer, bumi manusia. it will make you love history even more.


  1. “In my last holiday my friends and I went to Lake Toba in North Sumatra.” – @erieshiskaTD
  2. “Will you check my body temperature, Doctor?” – ‏@cherryelf_
  3. “Many people in Western countries spend their summer holidays in the tropics.” – @13njet
  4. Do you know Chairil Anwar? He’s a famous poet from Indonesia.
  5. “Don’t forget to take Grammar 101 with Ms Ida this semester.” – @redsunset14
  6. Do you think President SBY will be reelected in next year’s presidential election?
  7. “Dear Mr Ridwan, We are sorry for the inconvenience. The AC in Mawar Ballroom will be fixed right away.” – @sabiylanayu
  8. “Here are some of my favorite foods: fried rice, satay, and opor ayam.” – ‏@vivi_borbut
  9. “The Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia launched a new curriculum, Kurikulum 2013, this year.” – @nununkfica
  10. “You should read this book by Pramoedya Ananta Toer, Bumi Manusia. It will make you love history even more.” – @Nurharda

Are you still confused about the capitalization rules? Read here Capitalization Rules.

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U Monday, September 2, 2013.



#IOTW #EngGame: Guess the idioms from the pictures!

Hellooo, fellas! How are you? Ready for today’s session? Let’s have some fun with English idioms!

Let’s play! I will post images (photos, cartoons, etc.) that represent an English idiom in each number. Your job is: guess the idiom! Here’s an example. Can you guess what the idiom is and its meaning?


“Curiosity Killed The Cat: Being Inquisitive can lead you into a dangerous situation.” – @sekarlangit

Great! Correct, @sekarlangit! Easy, right, fellas? Don’t forget to guess what the idiom is and also state the meaning. Let’s play! ;D

2. 1090875-Clipart-Moodie-Character-Spilling-The-Beans-Royalty-Free-Vector-Illustration
3. under-the-weather
4. break-a-leg
  1. “Have a blast, what can i say hmm..enjoy your time,have great time,have a ton of fun!” – @Gyrassic;  “Have a blast; have a great time.” – @dwityanucifera
  2. “Spilling the beans = accidentally reveal a secret.” – @Esambot; “Spill the bean meaning tell the truth or secret.” –  @sandrauw
  3. “Under the weather=feeling unwell.” – @bowntell; “Under the weather: unhealthy condition (sick).” –  @trianibelle
  4. “Break a leg. It means good luck.” – @annisalista; “Break a leg. Semoga berhasil/sukses.” –  @13njet
  5. “It’s a wrap; It is successfully completed.” – @gau_1st; “Admiral Ackbar (Star Wars) in sandwich?! IT’S A WRAP :))” –  @ctrnn
  6. “Piece of cake: easy.” – @ariebuch; “a piece of cake: easy. Like the test is a piece of cake. It means the test is easy.” –  @anastasyaherma
  7. “Be all ears: would listen to.” – @silalahifranz;  “I’m all ears: I’m listening to everything you’ll say.” –  @anggastanadia
  8. “Hit the hay [go to sleep]” – @ellinchasslam; “Hit the hay: go to bed.” –  @amalianadiene
  9. “Ring a bell: familiar. I have never listen NKOTB before, but this song rings a bell. Maybe I have heard it somewhere.” – @sansiabintang; “ring a bell. To remember something!” –  @VitriaIndah
  10. “Down to earth= being humble.” – @ks_rayisa; “down to earth. Rendah hati ;))” –  @AndreiaEirene
That’s a wrap! How was the #EngGame? Piece of cake, right? Now it’s time to hit the hay. See you tomorrow with more to talk about! ;D
Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, May 13, 2013.



#GrammarTrivia: the word ‘to’

I bet you know what ‘to’ means.. Or do you? If you check the dictionary, you would notice the two letter word have tons of meaning. We’re not going to talk about all of them. But we’ll have a look at 4 of its functions.

1. as preposition of movement

To’ indicates the place you reach as a result of moving. The phrase that contains ‘to’ is called ‘to-phrase‘. ‘to-phrase’ follows:

  1. a verb.
    • Example:
      • walk to school. Walk =verb
  2. a noun.
    • Example:
      • the bus to Malang. The bus = noun

In the examples above, the ‘to-phrases’ are: ‘to school‘ and ‘to Malang‘. Here’s the structure:

  1. “walk to school” = verb + to-phrase
  2. “the bus to Malang” = noun + to-phrase

Example sentence using:

  1. ‘verb + to-phrase’ structure: “I walk to school every day.”
  2. ‘noun + to-phrase’ structure: “She’s been waiting for the bus to Malang for half an hour.”

‘from’ and ‘to’

‘to’ can also be used with ‘from’.


from + noun phrase + to + noun phrase.


  • from Jogja to Semarang”.

In a sentence:

  • “They usually travel from Jogja to Semarang by train.”

A. ‘from .. to’ to indicate distance

The ‘from .. to’ structure can also be used to indicate distance.


  • “How far is it from Bandar Lampung to Palembang?”

B. ‘from .. to’ to express change of state

Besides distance, ‘from .. to’ can also be used to express change of state.


  • “The light changes from red to green.”

2. to show time

To’ indicates the end-point of a time period. There are 2 ways of using it:

  • with ‘from’

‘from .. to’ to indicate the end-point of a time period.


“We will be having our final test from Monday to Friday.”

  • without ‘from’

Without ‘from’, ‘to’ cannot be used alone. We use ‘until’ or ‘up to’ instead.


“We will have our test until Friday.”

However, American English prefers the use of ‘through’ to ‘to’.


“We will have our test from Monday through Friday.”

3. to indicate receiver

To’ to indicate ‘receiver’ is usually followed by a person.


  • “I’m giving this present to you.” The receiver = you.

The receiver in “I’m giving this present to you.” is what we call as ‘indirect object’. The direct object: this present.

‘to + receiver’ is usually used this way (as indirect object). Other verbs used this way are: offer, hand, lend, owe.




Direct object


Indirect object


am giving

this present



A. ‘to’ as the receiver of a message

‘to’ also points to the ‘receiver’ of a message.


  • “I just sent an email to a friend.”
  • “Do you have something to say to me?”

4. the use in idioms

‘To’ is also used to form many ‘prepositional verbs’ and ‘phrasal-prepositional verbs’.

Examples of prepositional verbs:

  • belong to,
  • listen to,
  • believe in,
  • talk about,
  • wait for.
  • Read: Phrasal Verbs 1.

Examples of phrasal-prepositional verbs:


‘to’ also follows some adjectives. Examples:

  • close to,
  • due to,
  • similar to,
  • used to (used with ‘be’ = ‘I’m used to..’).

Prepositional verbs, phrasal-prepositional verbs, and ‘adjective + to’ structure form ‘idioms’. Ring a bell?

Well, that’s it. A little #GrammarTrivia on the use and function of ‘to’. I hope it is useful for you.


Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, April 29, 2013


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#EngTalk: Describing Star Wars characters’ physical appearance

Is anybody here a fan of this? Raise your hand!



Not a Star Wars fan? But are you familiar with the man in the image above? It’s Hayden Christensen plays Anakin Skywalker. Can you describe his physical appearance from the photo? Is he tall? Is he handsome? Is he ugly? Tell me!

“He is good looking, he is tall, he has white skin and he has blond curly hair.” – @dyaeliza

“He has brown eyes, brown hair and also looks like muscular body. I noticed he has Adam’s apple. lol” – @RainxoxoKelly

“He is a handsome tall curly blonde hair man.” – @Fani_NotFunny

If moments ago we talked about personality traits (read #EngVocab: characters personality), now let’s practice describing people’s appearance!

Star Wars has unique and interesting characters you could never imagine. Now I challenge you to describe them with your own words.

1) Padme Amidala


“She’s tall. She has white and smooth skin. She wears black dress. She has straight and black hair. Her lips are red.” – @eriseryess

“She’s slim,has a brown hair,thin red lips,sharp nose,sparkling.” – eyes *halah wkwk,over all she’s prettier than me… -_-” – @aisyahkamaliaa

“She wear black dress like magician,,not pretty enough than me…haaha :-D.” – @maratinafi

“She’s so attractive, charming and powerful. Her skin looks so smooth. ;P.” – @RainxoxoKelly

“mmm… she’s genuinely attractive, she’s slim, and she is fairly sexy.” – @dyaeliza

She has a good dress :).” – @GitaWidianto

“her dress looks like a semi cat woman . But she is beautiful.” – audicornelia

2) Master Yoda


“He has weird ears and also his finger.” – @jeengazie

“He’s short and have a green skin, white hair, three fingers, and long ears.” – @alignrd

“Apparently, he has three fingers, green skin and bold.” – @RainxoxoKelly

“He looks like smeagol.” – @kid_kencana

“He looks like, Picollo.” – @HondaCB919_

Pretty small, he is…” – @RyneHaruya

@IndrRhm: “he looks smart, its because he’s “master” you know lol.” – @IndrRhm

3) Obi-Wan Kenobi


“Caucasian male, handsome, brunette.” – @dianaemamusda

“He has mustache and bread. Quite tall and broad shoulder.” – @RainxoxoKelly

He’s had brown hair and wears a red boots and brown suit.” – @alignrd

“He wears weird boots.” – @StRakhma

“Obi Wan Kanobi, he’s fair and has short brown hair.” – @qiftymaria

4) Darth Vader


“Mighty.” – @arenarendo

He wears a black mask, black suit, and black shoes.” – @alignrd

“He looks like a robot with all everything whose he wears.” – @jeengazie

cool, strong & evil.” – @Rp_45

5) Chewbacca


He has brown hair everywhere in his body.” – @alignrd

“Tall, Furry, Yeti / Bigfoot looked a like.” – @ramenoodle

“Cute!” – @ramenoodle

“he’s definitely hirsute ))).” – @The_essence_of

“hoho… he resembles a gorilla with long feet… so scary!!!” – @dyaeliza

“Hairy.” – @aldijafril

6) Princess Leia


“She can kill anybody that stand in her way.” – @RainxoxoKelly

“She is pale, she is slim,she has black hair.” – @rhapsodicx

“She looks like want to say,”don’t you dare touch my kerupuk, or I will kill you!” Bamm!” – @alignrd

“Weird hair, sharp look, she looks like a killer or maybe a guardian :).” – @IndrRhm

“she wears white long dress and white shoes. She has bright skin and short hair. She also hold a gun.” – @adheshedhe

“she’s strong woman like me muahahaha.” – @trimaritania

“She has a curly hair and sharp eyes. She is in her white dress and holding up her black rifle!” – @dhaniedewanta

7) Jabba the Hutt


“Scary:|.” – @Pritaysr

“What a pretty cool frog with a nice tail :).” – @kid_kencana

“Wow, it’s terrible.” – @eriseryess

8) C-3PO


“Gold. Cute. He is a robot.” – @Belangblaster

It’s metalic. It’s gold.” – @eriseryess

“Golden robot.” – @RainxoxoKelly

“Gold, fancy, expensive.” – @Lavenderrrrrrr

9) Han Solo


“Cool! :)).” – @GembulHale

“So smart and handsome! xoxo.” – @RainxoxoKelly

“He has a nice belt ♥.” – @GitaWidianto

“Sorta half waiter and cowboy. And a mountain climber.” – @Wisznu

10) Stormtrooper


“An ugly trooper who cant kill anybody with his laser gun.” – @RyneHaruya

“Fancy white robot with two chins and laser gun.” – @miamiamiya

“Black and white robot with big gun.” – @RainxoxoKelly


Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, April 8, 2013

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