All posts by nenonenoneno

English teacher, knowledge seeker | Aries, choleric-melancholic, introvert | Active English | @EnglishTips4U

#EngTips: Polite vs. not polite

In this opportunity, I want to share to you about “polite and not polite”. I think this is important, so pay attention, please. :)

What does being polite mean?

  1. Being polite means showing consideration for the feelings or wishes of others.
  2. Sometimes we have to be more polite than at other times.
  3. In general, the people we wish to be more polite to are ‘important’ people or strangers.
  4. The usual rule is: ‘The more words you use, the more polite you are!’

isn’t that definition refer to “being considerate” –

Yes, being polite also means being considerate & respectful. – @EnglishTips4U

Let’s see these examples:

  • Not polite: ‘Min, reply my DM!’
  • Polite: ‘Hi, min. Could you please reply my DM? Thanks a bunch.’

Which of the two sentences is more likely to get a response from our admin? Can you see the difference, fellas?

The more words you use, the more polite the sentence gets. Take a look at the picture for examples.

It’s not necessary to be so very polite to friends, equals, or members of our family, unless they are old. To make a sentence a little more polite, you can add ‘please.’ Also, you can offer an explanation for your request.

Let’s see this example:

“My campus is going to hold an event and we need your help. Could you please check your DM? Thank you.”

Usually you will be more polite to people such as your boss, teacher, and also to people you don’t know well, old people, etc.

If you want to be very polite, like talking to a stranger, you can say:

  1. ‘Would you mind + V-ing ?’
  2. ‘Could you possibly + V1 ?’

In requests, it is generally polite to use a question form, and a tentative form like ‘would.’

Another way to be polite is to give a hint, so that the other person can guess what you want.

Let’s see this example:

  • A: ‘Hi, B. We can’t seem to find your email.’
  • B: ‘Oh, do you want me to resend my email?’
  • A: ‘Yes, please.’

In English, it is polite to:

  1. Greet people when you see them.
  2. Talk about them first.
  3. Use ‘please’ and ‘thank you.’
  4. Say ‘sorry’ if you do anything wrong, however small.
  5. Say ‘excuse me’ if you ask someone in the street.

Well, that’s all this lesson on ‘polite & not polite’. Hope it’s useful. Don’t forget to practice what you have learned. :)

Source: An A – Z of English Grammar & Usage by Geoffrey Leech et al.

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, June 19, 2014

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#EngVocab: what’s the Indonesian for…?

Hari ini admin mau berbagi vocabulary Bahasa Inggris dan admin perlu bantuan fellas untuk menyebutkan terjemahannya dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Tema vocabulary agak random dan bagi yang sudah punya , yuk dibuka bukunya, karena sesi ini ada di bagian  “What’s the English for…?”

So, let’s start…

QUESTIONS

  1. Pins and needles: ________
    • “Ow, my leg hurts. I’ve got pins and needles.”
  2. Nosy: _______
    • “My neighbor is so nosy!”
  3. Blue: _______
    • “Don’t bother asking her out. She’s been feeling blue lately.”
  4. Exaggerating: _______
    • “I think you’re exaggerating the real story a little bit.”
  5. Nature calls: ________
    • “I need to go to the toilet. Nature calls!”
  6. Pick nose: ________
    • “Stop picking your nose in public!”
  7. Hiccup: ________
    • “Oh, no, I’ve got the hiccups! I can’t stop!”
  8. Tacky: ________
    • “Where is he from? His clothes are so tacky.”
  9. Scabies: ________
    • “The dog got scabies all over its body.”
  10. Burp: ________
    • “It’s not polite to burp after you finish your meal.”

ANSWERS

  1. Kesemutan
  2. Kepo
  3. Galau
  4. Lebay
  5. Kebelet
  6. Mengupil
  7. Cegukan
  8. Norak
  9. Kurap
  10. Sendawa

Source: Things Your English Books Don’t Tell You by @EnglishTips4U

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, August 7, 2014.


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#EngVocab: Success, successful, succeed, successfully

In this post, I would like to invite you to discuss something that seems trivial but actually important: the word ‘sukses‘ in English.

Many times, especially on posters or banners for events or seminars, I saw people wrote:

TO BE SUCCESS/ SUCCESS PERSON

Is this correct? What do you think?

no. it’s supposed to be : to be a successful person :D – @ceravika

Yes. That’s correct! That banner is indeed wrong.

Here’s a question for you. Tell me the difference:

  1. Success
  2. Successful
  3. Succeed
  4. Successfully

Each of the 4 words has different meaning and is in different part of speech (jenis kata).

The problem is… No. 1-3 in bahasa Indonesia are called with the same word: sukses. Although success (n.) is actually: kesuksesan.

This is why many people whose first language is bahasa Indonesia mix the use of success, successful, and succeed.

Let’s ask dictionary.cambridge.org what each of these 4 words means.

1. Success (noun)

  • a. [U] the achieving of the results wanted or hoped for.
    • Example:
      • Everybody wants to reach success.
  • b. [C] something that achieves positive results.
    • Example:
      • The book promo was a great success!

In bahasa Indonesia

  • Success (noun): kesuksesan (kata benda).
    • Example:
      • Semua orang ingin meraih kesuksesan.

2. Successful (adjective)

  • achieving the results wanted or hoped for.
    • Example:
      • Everybody wants to be successful.

In bahasa Indonesia

  • Successful (adjective): sukses (kata sifat).
    • Example:
      • Semua orang ingin menjadi sukses.

 

3. Succeed (verb)

  • achieving something that you have been aiming for.
    • Example:
      • Congrats! You succeeded in passing the test.

In bahasa Indonesia

  • Succeed (verb): sukses/berhasil (kata kerja).
    • Example:
      • Semua orang ingin sukses/berhasil.

 

4. Successfully (adverb)

In bahasa Indonesia

  • Successfully (adverb): dengan/secara sukses (kata keterangan).
    • Example:
      • He passed successfully. (Dia lulus dengan sukses.)

Source: dictionary.cambridge.org

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, June 11, 2014

 

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#EngTrivia: 10 funny-sounding and interesting English words

Hello, hello, fellas. How are you guys doing? By the way, today I would like to share 10 funny-sounding and interesting English words, according to Merriam-Webster Dictionary.

  1. Bumfuzzle. Meaning: confuse; perplex; fluster.
    • Example:
      • “The team has successfully bumfuzzled its opponent.”
  2. Cattywampus. Meaning: askew, awry, kitty-corner.
    • Example:
      • “Everything goes cattywampus since the incident.”
  3. Gardyloo. Meaning: used in Edinburgh as a warning cry when it was customary to throw slops from the windows into the streets.
  4. Taradiddle. Meaning:
    1. a fib
    2. pretentious nonsense.
      • Example;
        • “Stop the taradiddles. Let’s get to work!”
  5. Billingsgate. Meaning: coarsely abusive language.
    • Example:
      • “Ssh! No billingsgate allowed in this room!”
  6. Snickersnee. Meaning:
    1. (archaic) to engage in cut-and-thrust fighting with knives;
    2. a large knife.
      • Example:
        • “I drew my snickersnee.”
  7. Widdershins. Meaning: in a left-handed or contrary direction; counterclockwise.
    • Example:
      • “The wind moves widdershins as the sky grows dark.”
  8. Collywobbles. Meaning: pain in the abdomen and especially in the stomach; a bellyache.
    • Example:
      • “‘Mommy, I got collywobbles,’ cried the kid.”
  9. Gubbins. Meaning:
    1. dialect (Britain): fish parings or refuse;
    2. broadly: any bits and pieces.
      • Example:
        • “Collect all your gubbins and go.”
  10. Diphthong. Meaning: 2 vowel sounds joined in one syllable to form one speech sound, e.g. the sounds of “ou” in out and of “oy” in boy.

Source: Funny-Sounding and Interesting Words

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, August 15, 2014.


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#EngVocab: Verbs that express “moving” activities

Today I’d like to share some verbs that express “moving” activities. Hmm.. What are they? Well, here they are!

Without transport, we can walk, run, jump, dance, swim, jog, climb, fall. Which one do you often do the most, fellas? :)

With transport we can do many things, but first let’s have a closer look on the different verbs we use for different transports.

  1. You “go by car/plane/bus/train/bike/motorbike/ship/taxi/underground,” not “by a car,” etc. Omit the “a”.
  2. You “take a bus/train/taxi/plane” and you “take the underground.” Can you see how we use the articles “a” and “the” in the example?
  3. You “ride a bicycle/bike/motorbike/horse.”
  4. You “drive a car/bus/train.” See the difference between “ride” and “drive”?
  5. The pilot “flies a plane.”
    • Another example:
      • How did you get to Jakarta?

      • We flew there.

  6. If you “catch the bus, train, or plane,” you arrive in time to get it. Who can help me define what “in time” means?
    • “It means “punctually,promptly, you arrive there before it’s late.” – “
    • “Before the scheduled time?”- “
  7. If you “miss the bus, train, or plane,” you arrive too late to get it. Have you ever experienced this, fellas?
  8. You “arrive at/in a place,” not “to a place.”
    • Example:

A. The train arrived in Semarang on time.

B. The plane arrived late at Ngurah Rai.

Source: English Vocabulary in Use by Michael McCarthy and Felicity O’Dell

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, September 7, 2014


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#EngKnowledge: Short history of May Day

May 1st, is an annual holiday where we celebrate Labor Day or International Workers’ Day, also known as May Day. Do you know what May Day means and the history behind it? This time, let me share some knowledge and facts about this day.

Are you currently working, fellas? How many hours do you work in a day? 8 hours? Where did this rule come from?

Well, here’s the history…

  • May Day is originally a pagan holiday, which is an ancient Northern Hemisphere spring festival.
  • But in relation to Labor Day, it is held in commemoration of four workers executed for struggling for an 8-hour day.
  • On 1 May 1886, a strike demanding an 8 hour day in Chicago started. 400,000 workers from different backgrounds were involved.
  • The eight-hour movement began a century before that, 1806. In that era workers worked 19 to 20 hours a day. Imagine that!
  • Two days after 1 May 1886, a mass meeting was held. After a police attack and a bomb, 8 men were captured and stood trial.
  • Although there was no proof that the 8 men threw the bomb, and the defense was not allowed to present evidence, 7 were sentenced to death.
  • 1 was sentenced to 15 years in prison. After a massive international campaign for their release, 2 were sentenced to life imprisonment.
  • The day before the executions, 1 committed suicide. On 11 November 1887 Parsons, Engel, Spies and Fischer were hanged.
  • 600,000 workers came to their funeral. The campaign to free the other 3 workers continued. They were eventually set free.
  • Later evidence showed that the bomb may have been thrown by a police agent, as a way to discredit the labour movement.
  • 1904, the International Socialist Conference meeting in Amsterdam declared 1 May as the legal establishment of the 8-hour day.
  • In Indonesia Labor Day has been celebrated since 1920. But it was prohibited during Soeharto era. In 2014 it has become a public holiday.
  • Well, that’s the end of our tonight. Remember, it never hurts to learn some history. It even brings us many advantages! :)
  • Learning history makes you appreciate life & give thanks to those who lived before you & sacrificed so you can enjoy what you have today. :)

Sources: A short history of May DayInternational Workers’ Day and Hari Buruh on Wikipedia

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, May 1, 2014

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#IOTW: Idioms related to election

As we all know today is the second day of Indonesia’s election campaign season. Now let me share some idioms related to election tonight.

Or perhaps you know any that you can share here? Feel free to mention us. Don’t forget to RT if you find them interesting.

  1. Two horse race. Meaning: kompetisi/pemilihan yang tidak punya banyak kemungkinan pemenang.
    • Example:
      • “Will this year’s election be a two horse race?”
  2. To vote with your feet. Meaning: pergi/meninggalkan (tempat).
    • Ezample:
      • “If you don’t like my decision you can vote with your feet.”
  3. Politically correct (PC). Meaning: tidak menggunakan bahasa yang menyebabkan orang lain tersinggung/terluka.
    • Example:
      • “She is always PC.”
  4. Political football. Meaning: masalah yang tidak bisa diselesaikan karena politik di dalamnya (kontroversial).
    • Example:
      • “Many issues are political football.”
  5. Hot air. Meaning: omongan yang kosong; berlebihan; sok.
    • Example:
      • “Politicians are usually full of hot air.”
  6. Election fever. Meaning: hiruk-pikuk media tiap kali pemilihan umum diumumkan.
    • Example:
      • “The media is suffering from election fever right now.”
  7. Toe the party line. Meaning: menyesuaikan dengan standar/aturan partai politik Anda.
    • Example:
      • “He’s trying hard to toe the party line.”
  8. Political hot potato. Meaning: sesuatu yang berpotensi berbahaya/memalukan.
    • Example:
      • “The Century case is a political hot potato.”
  9. Hung parliament. Meaning: sebuah parlemen di mana tidak ada satu partai politik yang memiliki suara mayoritas.
    • Example:
      • “Will it be a hung parliament?”
  10. Press the flesh. Meaning: berjabat tangan/bersalaman.
    • Example:
      • “The presidential candidate has to do a lot of flesh pressing during the campaign.”

I hope you can learn something new from our today. And for those who are old enough to vote, remember to use your rights wisely. :)

Source: Idioms and Sayings about Elections on LEO Network

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, March 17, 2014.


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#EngQuiz: Commonly confused words in English

In this post, we’re going to have a little practice on how well you can differentiate some commonly confused words in English. For example: What’s the difference between affect & effect? :)

Let’s see this sentence. Fill in the gap with the right word:

“Andy’s absence did not ___ (affect/effect) us.”

“affect with an a as a verb and effect with an e as a noun” – @_Electra330_

“affect” – 

Let’s start! Choose the right word from the brackets to fill in the gap.

1. Thanks for your (advise/advice). It’s really helpful!
advise
advice
correct!

2. like all seafood (accept/except) octopus.
accept
except
correct!

3. I need to go to the (stationary/stationery) store to buy some pencils.
stationary
stationery
correct!

4. If you want to be fluent you have to (practise/practice) your English a lot.
practice
practise
correct!

5. Put on the (break/brake) if you want to stop the car.
break
brake
correct!

6. Her new hair and the makeup (complement/compliment) each other well.
compliment
complement
correct!

7. Please don’t go! I don’t want to (lose/loose) you.
loose
lose
correct!

8. What do you want for (desert/dessert)?
desert
dessert
correct!

9. I think I’ll (choose/choice) this shirt. It’s better than that one.
choice
choose
correct!

10. The school (principal/principle) usually leads the flag ceremony at school.
principle
principal
correct!

Sources: Commonly confused words & Common Errors in English Usage

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, February 17, 2014

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#IOTW: Funniest English idioms

Hello, fellas! How are you? Feeling like talking about idioms? Today I wanna share 10 funniest idioms in English. ;)

  1. Finger lickin’ good. Meaning: very tasty; delicious.
    • Example:
      • “This rendang is finger lickin’ good!”
  2. Use your loaf. Meaning: use your head; be smart.
    • Example:
      • Use your loaf. How could a dog pass through such a small hole?”
  3. To drink like a fish. Meaning: to drink very heavily.
    • Example:
      • “He drank like a fish after the marathon.”
  4. To have a cast iron stomach. Meaning: to have no problems with eating anything or drinking anything.
    • Example:
      • “I want to have a cast iron stomach!”
  5. To put a sock in it. Meaning: to tell noisy person or a group to be quiet.
    • Example:
      • Put a sock in it! I’m trying to sleep.”
  6. Everything but the kitchen sink. Meaning: almost everything someone can think of.
    • Example:
      • “The store sells everything but the kitchen sink!”
  7. To pig out. Meaning: to eat a lot and eat it quickly.
    • Example:
      • “It’s my birthday. Let’s pig out!”
  8. To have Van Gogh’s ear for music. Meaning: to be tone deaf.
    • Example:
      • “My goodness, she sings very badly. She has Van Gogh’s ear for music.”
  9. When pigs fly Meaning: (something that) will never ever happen.
    • Example:
      • “She will like you… when pigs fly.”
  10. The lights are on, but nobody’s home. Meaning: talking about a stupid person.
    • Example:
      • “Here he goes again. The lights are on, but nobody’s home.

I hope the idioms could be useful and entertaining. Any of them describes you? If yes, which one? :D

: As same as with lebaran monyet rite?”: 9. When pigs fly: (something that) will never ever happen.

Sources: POSTER: 10 Funniest English Idioms & Oxford Dictionaries

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, January 22, 2014.


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#EngGame: Fix the capitalization!

Do you know the complete rules of capitalization? We once discussed it here #EngClass: capitalization. You can also read Capitalization on Wikipedia

For each number I’m gonna write a sentence without capital letters. What you do: fix the capitalization and rewrite it. Easy! :D


QUESTIONS

  1. in my last holiday my friends and i went to lake toba in north sumatra
  2. will you check my body temperature, doctor?
  3. many people in western countries spend their summer holidays in the tropics.
  4. do you know chairil anwar? he’s a famous poet from indonesia.
  5. don’t forget to take grammar 101 with ms ida this semester.
  6. do you think president sby will be reelected in next year’s presidential election?
  7. dear mr ridwan,

    we are sorry for the inconvenience. the ac in mawar ballroom will be fixed right away.

  8. here are some of my favorite foods: fried rice, satay, and opor ayam.
  9. the ministry of education and culture of the republic of indonesia launched a new curriculum, kurikulum 2013, this year.
  10. you should read this book by pramoedya ananta toer, bumi manusia. it will make you love history even more.

ANSWERS

  1. “In my last holiday my friends and I went to Lake Toba in North Sumatra.” – @erieshiskaTD
  2. “Will you check my body temperature, Doctor?” – ‏@cherryelf_
  3. “Many people in Western countries spend their summer holidays in the tropics.” – @13njet
  4. Do you know Chairil Anwar? He’s a famous poet from Indonesia.
  5. “Don’t forget to take Grammar 101 with Ms Ida this semester.” – @redsunset14
  6. Do you think President SBY will be reelected in next year’s presidential election?
  7. “Dear Mr Ridwan, We are sorry for the inconvenience. The AC in Mawar Ballroom will be fixed right away.” – @sabiylanayu
  8. “Here are some of my favorite foods: fried rice, satay, and opor ayam.” – ‏@vivi_borbut
  9. “The Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia launched a new curriculum, Kurikulum 2013, this year.” – @nununkfica
  10. “You should read this book by Pramoedya Ananta Toer, Bumi Manusia. It will make you love history even more.” – @Nurharda

Are you still confused about the capitalization rules? Read here Capitalization Rules.

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U Monday, September 2, 2013.


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#IOTW #EngGame: Guess the idioms from the pictures!

Hellooo, fellas! How are you? Ready for today’s session? Let’s have some fun with English idioms!

Let’s play! I will post images (photos, cartoons, etc.) that represent an English idiom in each number. Your job is: guess the idiom! Here’s an example. Can you guess what the idiom is and its meaning?

2011-12-07-curiosity-killed-the-cat

“Curiosity Killed The Cat: Being Inquisitive can lead you into a dangerous situation.” – @sekarlangit

Great! Correct, @sekarlangit! Easy, right, fellas? Don’t forget to guess what the idiom is and also state the meaning. Let’s play! ;D

1. 
n8377
2. 1090875-Clipart-Moodie-Character-Spilling-The-Beans-Royalty-Free-Vector-Illustration
3. under-the-weather
4. break-a-leg
5.
5542048337_283c5c08d1_o
6.chocolate--piece-of-cake--cream--bakery_3208599
7.6545723553_773532138d_z
8.hitthehay
9.ring_a_bell__by_propan3
10.down-to-earth-1ANSWERS
  1. “Have a blast, what can i say hmm..enjoy your time,have great time,have a ton of fun!” – @Gyrassic;  “Have a blast; have a great time.” – @dwityanucifera
  2. “Spilling the beans = accidentally reveal a secret.” – @Esambot; “Spill the bean meaning tell the truth or secret.” –  @sandrauw
  3. “Under the weather=feeling unwell.” – @bowntell; “Under the weather: unhealthy condition (sick).” –  @trianibelle
  4. “Break a leg. It means good luck.” – @annisalista; “Break a leg. Semoga berhasil/sukses.” –  @13njet
  5. “It’s a wrap; It is successfully completed.” – @gau_1st; “Admiral Ackbar (Star Wars) in sandwich?! IT’S A WRAP :))” –  @ctrnn
  6. “Piece of cake: easy.” – @ariebuch; “a piece of cake: easy. Like the test is a piece of cake. It means the test is easy.” –  @anastasyaherma
  7. “Be all ears: would listen to.” – @silalahifranz;  “I’m all ears: I’m listening to everything you’ll say.” –  @anggastanadia
  8. “Hit the hay [go to sleep]” – @ellinchasslam; “Hit the hay: go to bed.” –  @amalianadiene
  9. “Ring a bell: familiar. I have never listen NKOTB before, but this song rings a bell. Maybe I have heard it somewhere.” – @sansiabintang; “ring a bell. To remember something!” –  @VitriaIndah
  10. “Down to earth= being humble.” – @ks_rayisa; “down to earth. Rendah hati ;))” –  @AndreiaEirene
That’s a wrap! How was the #EngGame? Piece of cake, right? Now it’s time to hit the hay. See you tomorrow with more to talk about! ;D
Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, May 13, 2013.

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#GrammarTrivia: the word ‘to’

I bet you know what ‘to’ means.. Or do you? If you check the dictionary, you would notice the two letter word have tons of meaning. We’re not going to talk about all of them. But we’ll have a look at 4 of its functions.

1. as preposition of movement

To’ indicates the place you reach as a result of moving. The phrase that contains ‘to’ is called ‘to-phrase‘. ‘to-phrase’ follows:

  1. a verb.
    • Example:
      • walk to school. Walk =verb
  2. a noun.
    • Example:
      • the bus to Malang. The bus = noun

In the examples above, the ‘to-phrases’ are: ‘to school‘ and ‘to Malang‘. Here’s the structure:

  1. “walk to school” = verb + to-phrase
  2. “the bus to Malang” = noun + to-phrase

Example sentence using:

  1. ‘verb + to-phrase’ structure: “I walk to school every day.”
  2. ‘noun + to-phrase’ structure: “She’s been waiting for the bus to Malang for half an hour.”

‘from’ and ‘to’

‘to’ can also be used with ‘from’.

Structure:

from + noun phrase + to + noun phrase.

Example:

  • from Jogja to Semarang”.

In a sentence:

  • “They usually travel from Jogja to Semarang by train.”

A. ‘from .. to’ to indicate distance

The ‘from .. to’ structure can also be used to indicate distance.

Example:

  • “How far is it from Bandar Lampung to Palembang?”

B. ‘from .. to’ to express change of state

Besides distance, ‘from .. to’ can also be used to express change of state.

Example:

  • “The light changes from red to green.”

2. to show time

To’ indicates the end-point of a time period. There are 2 ways of using it:

  • with ‘from’

‘from .. to’ to indicate the end-point of a time period.

Example:

“We will be having our final test from Monday to Friday.”

  • without ‘from’

Without ‘from’, ‘to’ cannot be used alone. We use ‘until’ or ‘up to’ instead.

Example:

“We will have our test until Friday.”

However, American English prefers the use of ‘through’ to ‘to’.

Example:

“We will have our test from Monday through Friday.”

3. to indicate receiver

To’ to indicate ‘receiver’ is usually followed by a person.

Example:

  • “I’m giving this present to you.” The receiver = you.

The receiver in “I’m giving this present to you.” is what we call as ‘indirect object’. The direct object: this present.

‘to + receiver’ is usually used this way (as indirect object). Other verbs used this way are: offer, hand, lend, owe.

Structure:

Subject

Verb

Direct object

to

Indirect object

I

am giving

this present

to

you

A. ‘to’ as the receiver of a message

‘to’ also points to the ‘receiver’ of a message.

Example:

  • “I just sent an email to a friend.”
  • “Do you have something to say to me?”

4. the use in idioms

‘To’ is also used to form many ‘prepositional verbs’ and ‘phrasal-prepositional verbs’.

Examples of prepositional verbs:

  • belong to,
  • listen to,
  • believe in,
  • talk about,
  • wait for.
  • Read: Phrasal Verbs 1.

Examples of phrasal-prepositional verbs:

 

‘to’ also follows some adjectives. Examples:

  • close to,
  • due to,
  • similar to,
  • used to (used with ‘be’ = ‘I’m used to..’).

Prepositional verbs, phrasal-prepositional verbs, and ‘adjective + to’ structure form ‘idioms’. Ring a bell?

Well, that’s it. A little #GrammarTrivia on the use and function of ‘to’. I hope it is useful for you.

 

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, April 29, 2013

 

Related post(s):

 

^MQ

#EngTalk: Describing Star Wars characters’ physical appearance

Is anybody here a fan of this? Raise your hand!

Star-Wars-Poster

anakinskywalker_detail

Not a Star Wars fan? But are you familiar with the man in the image above? It’s Hayden Christensen plays Anakin Skywalker. Can you describe his physical appearance from the photo? Is he tall? Is he handsome? Is he ugly? Tell me!

“He is good looking, he is tall, he has white skin and he has blond curly hair.” – @dyaeliza

“He has brown eyes, brown hair and also looks like muscular body. I noticed he has Adam’s apple. lol” – @RainxoxoKelly

“He is a handsome tall curly blonde hair man.” – @Fani_NotFunny

If moments ago we talked about personality traits (read #EngVocab: characters personality), now let’s practice describing people’s appearance!

Star Wars has unique and interesting characters you could never imagine. Now I challenge you to describe them with your own words.

1) Padme Amidala

padmeamidala_detail

“She’s tall. She has white and smooth skin. She wears black dress. She has straight and black hair. Her lips are red.” – @eriseryess

“She’s slim,has a brown hair,thin red lips,sharp nose,sparkling.” – eyes *halah wkwk,over all she’s prettier than me… -_-” – @aisyahkamaliaa

“She wear black dress like magician,,not pretty enough than me…haaha :-D.” – @maratinafi

“She’s so attractive, charming and powerful. Her skin looks so smooth. ;P.” – @RainxoxoKelly

“mmm… she’s genuinely attractive, she’s slim, and she is fairly sexy.” – @dyaeliza

She has a good dress :).” – @GitaWidianto

“her dress looks like a semi cat woman . But she is beautiful.” – audicornelia

2) Master Yoda

Yoda-SWE

“He has weird ears and also his finger.” – @jeengazie

“He’s short and have a green skin, white hair, three fingers, and long ears.” – @alignrd

“Apparently, he has three fingers, green skin and bold.” – @RainxoxoKelly

“He looks like smeagol.” – @kid_kencana

“He looks like, Picollo.” – @HondaCB919_

Pretty small, he is…” – @RyneHaruya

@IndrRhm: “he looks smart, its because he’s “master” you know lol.” – @IndrRhm

3) Obi-Wan Kenobi

obiwankenobi_detail

“Caucasian male, handsome, brunette.” – @dianaemamusda

“He has mustache and bread. Quite tall and broad shoulder.” – @RainxoxoKelly

He’s had brown hair and wears a red boots and brown suit.” – @alignrd

“He wears weird boots.” – @StRakhma

“Obi Wan Kanobi, he’s fair and has short brown hair.” – @qiftymaria

4) Darth Vader

Darthvader

“Mighty.” – @arenarendo

He wears a black mask, black suit, and black shoes.” – @alignrd

“He looks like a robot with all everything whose he wears.” – @jeengazie

cool, strong & evil.” – @Rp_45

5) Chewbacca

chewbacca_detail

He has brown hair everywhere in his body.” – @alignrd

“Tall, Furry, Yeti / Bigfoot looked a like.” – @ramenoodle

“Cute!” – @ramenoodle

“he’s definitely hirsute ))).” – @The_essence_of

“hoho… he resembles a gorilla with long feet… so scary!!!” – @dyaeliza

“Hairy.” – @aldijafril

6) Princess Leia

leia-princess-leia-organa-solo-skywalker-9301321-576-1010

“She can kill anybody that stand in her way.” – @RainxoxoKelly

“She is pale, she is slim,she has black hair.” – @rhapsodicx

“She looks like want to say,”don’t you dare touch my kerupuk, or I will kill you!” Bamm!” – @alignrd

“Weird hair, sharp look, she looks like a killer or maybe a guardian :).” – @IndrRhm

“she wears white long dress and white shoes. She has bright skin and short hair. She also hold a gun.” – @adheshedhe

“she’s strong woman like me muahahaha.” – @trimaritania

“She has a curly hair and sharp eyes. She is in her white dress and holding up her black rifle!” – @dhaniedewanta

7) Jabba the Hutt

review_jabba_1

“Scary:|.” – @Pritaysr

“What a pretty cool frog with a nice tail :).” – @kid_kencana

“Wow, it’s terrible.” – @eriseryess

8) C-3PO

star-wars-c-3po-deluxe-metall-figur-sideshow-spaceart-sw025-b

“Gold. Cute. He is a robot.” – @Belangblaster

It’s metalic. It’s gold.” – @eriseryess

“Golden robot.” – @RainxoxoKelly

“Gold, fancy, expensive.” – @Lavenderrrrrrr

9) Han Solo

han_solo_outfit

“Cool! :)).” – @GembulHale

“So smart and handsome! xoxo.” – @RainxoxoKelly

“He has a nice belt ♥.” – @GitaWidianto

“Sorta half waiter and cowboy. And a mountain climber.” – @Wisznu

10) Stormtrooper

authentic-stormtrooper-cost

“An ugly trooper who cant kill anybody with his laser gun.” – @RyneHaruya

“Fancy white robot with two chins and laser gun.” – @miamiamiya

“Black and white robot with big gun.” – @RainxoxoKelly

 

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, April 8, 2013

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^MQ

#EngTips: Language Acquisition vs. Language Learning

Do you still remember the topic on the basics of English grammar? If you don’t, go check it out again #EngClass: understanding the basics of English grammar.

Di sesi itu, admin bertanya satu pertanyaan klasik yang mungkin ‘menghantui’ sebagian dari kita:

“Apakah grammar itu penting?”

Admin mendapat berbagai respon, ada yang bilang penting, ada yang tidak. Yang jelas, menurut kami grammar itu penting (penjelasan ada di link di atas).

Walaupun begitu… Kami percaya hanya dengan mempelajari grammar saja bukanlah kunci sukses untuk dapat menguasai bahasa Inggris.

“Language is acquired, but grammar is learned.” Bahasa itu diperoleh, tapi grammar (tata bahasa) itu dipelajari.

Language acquisition

Seperti halnya ketika kita belajar bahasa Indonesia sedari kecil. Pada awalnya kita tidak terlalu mempedulikan aturan tata bahasanya. Hingga akhirnya kita terbiasa dgn bahasa Indonesia itu sendiri dan menangkap secara tidak sadar bagaimana tata bahasanya digunakan. Proses ini lah yang disebut sebagai ‘language acquisition‘ atau ‘pemerolehan bahasa‘. Proses ini seringkali terjadi di bawah sadar.

Admin yakin para guru bahasa Inggris pasti paham istilah ini ya… Belum? Cari tahu lebih banyak untuk membantu mengajar di kelas.

Maka jika ingin sukses menguasai bahasa Inggris, gunakanlah metode yang sama ketika kita belajar bahasa Indonesia dulu. Seperti apa? Secara tidak sadar membiasakan diri dengan bahasa Inggris. Nonton film, dengar musik, ngobrol, baca, semua dalam bahasa Inggris. Ketika kita sudah terbiasa mendengarkan, membaca, berbicara, dan menulis, kita akan terbiasa dengan bentuk tata bahasa/grammar yang benar.

Hanya 3 dari 8 admin @EnglishTips4U yang lulusan Sastra Inggris, yang artinya tidak semua mempelajari grammar secara terperinci ketika kuliah. Kok bisa? Kembali ke language acquisition. Karena bahasa Inggris sendiri tidak melulu tentang grammar kan? Ada vocab, slang, idiom, etc.

Language learning

Setelah terbiasa dengan bahasa Inggris, jangan berhenti sampai di situ. Asah terus kemampuan dengan secara sadar memperdalam/mempelajari grammar. Mempelajari grammar itu penting terutama jika kamu ingin meningkatkan cara menulis dan memahami struktur bahasa yang lebih rumit. Yang ingin melanjutkan studi ke luar negeri pasti paham akan hal ini. Atau ketika kita mempersiapkan diri untuk menghadapi TOEFL/IELTS. Proses belajar grammar secara sadar ini lah yang disebut dengan ‘language learning‘ atau ‘pembelajaran bahasa‘.

Nah, sekarang sudah tahu kan beda ‘language acquisition‘ dan ‘language learning‘? Lakukan keduanya, satu per satu atau bersamaan.

Jadi kalau kamu merasa bahasa Inggris kamu ‘kurang’, jangan putus asa. Think language acquisition. Semangat! Tapi jangan lupa… Usahanya juga dong… :-)

Questions and Answers

Q1. @dhanatamtomo: sebenarnya bkn gw ga bisa bhs inggris tp mls buat dipraktekinnya doang | A1. Malas itu gerbang menuju kehancuran. Bukan dlm hal bahasa Inggris saja. We don’t encourage laziness. Don’t be! :-D

Q2. @ferdimanamana: min, menurut guru pembimbing saya ketika PPL, orang yg cenderung mempelajari grammar, susah berkembang di speaking skill. karna orang-orang (khususnya siswa), ketika praktik speaking, dia terus memikirkan grammar yg tepat dan cenderung takut salah | A2. That’s right. Because kids & young learners need to acquire English first, don’t introduce irrelevant grammar just yet. :-)

Q3. @HadhiPribadi: And on the contrary, language learning is conscious process. | A4. Correct. :-)

Q5. @ilhamansyah: the point, jangan takut salah ya kaka admin? | A5. Yes, in order to acquire the language. :-)

Q6. @Elgyaib: kak, berarti bljr bhs inggris itu gakperlu hrs les2 yg mahal ya? Otodidak gitu hehe :D | A6. Ada saatnya perlu, tp tidak wajib. :-)

Q7. @renggasanti: I always say to my students that if they want to acquire English they must: berani salah dan berani malu. :)

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on March 25, 2013

#EngClass: understanding the basics of English grammar

Apakah grammar itu penting?”

Tell me what you think. :)

Well, admin mendapat jawaban yang beragam. Ada yang bilang grammar penting, ada yang bilang tidak terlalu. Wanna know what I think?

The importance of grammar

Jawabannya adalah “iya, grammar itu penting.” Grammar menurut kamus Oxford:

“rules for forming words and making sentences.”

Artinya, grammar: aturan untuk membentuk kata dan menyusun kalimat (yang benar).

Bisa disimpulkan: grammar = tata bahasa.

Tata bahasa = sangat penting dalam komunikasi. Kita dapat memahami bahasa yang kita gunakan sehingga terjadi saling memahami dalam komunikasi.

Tata bahasa juga berarti bahwa susunan yang dipergunakan sudah merupakan kesepakatan dalam sosial masyarakat.

Tidak mungkin kita menggunakan bahasa tanpa tata bahasa karena pasti tidak akan terjadi komunikasi karena gagalnya pemahaman dalam berkomunikasi.

Pernah membayangkan berbahasa Indonesia seperti ini:

“Kabar apa? Jumpa lama tak banget. Tinggal sekarang Surabaya di masih?”

Kira-kira lebih kurang hal yang sama terjadi dalam bahasa Inggris, ketika kita berkomunikasi tanpa menggunakan tata bahasa.

Clause (atau ‘klausa’)

Untuk berkomunikasi dengan bahasa setidaknya kita memerlukan serangkaian kata yang bermakna yang dirangkai menjadi suatu ‘clause’ (klausa).

Dalam English grammar, clause = kumpulan kata yang terdiri setidaknya dari Subject (Subjek) dan diikuti oleh Predicate (Predikat). Begitu juga dalam bahasa Indonesia.

Tentu fellas masih ingat pelajaran bahasa Indonesia kan? Ini rumusnya (dalam English maupun bahasa Indonesia):

table 6

Clause: the difference between English and bahasa Indonesia

Namun antara English dan bahasa Indonesia, ada perbedaan dalam hal jenis kata apa saja yang boleh menempati sebagai Predikat (diingat ya!).

Dalam bahasa Indonesia, Predikat bisa ditempati oleh kata kerja, kata benda (nomina), kata keterangan, dan nominal (angka).

Sedangkan dalam English, Predikat HANYA BOLEH DIISI oleh kata kerja (verb). MOHON CATAT DENGAN TINTA TEBAL DAN GARISBAWAHI, fellas.

Nah perbedaan inilah yang harus kita tekankan dalam membentuk kalimat dalam bahasa Inggris. Untuk lebih jelasnya, lihat tabel berikut…

table 1

‘Be’ as linking verb

Perhatikan clause ‘itu meja’. Ternyata tidak bisa langsung diterjemahkan menjadi ‘that a table’ dalam bahasa Inggris. Kira-kira kenapa ya? Ada yangg tahu?

Jawaban: kembali ke aturan awal tadi = “Predikat HANYA BOLEH DIISI oleh kata kerja (verb)“.

Maka berdasarkan aturan tadi, untuk menerjemahkan ‘itu meja’ diperlukan kata kerja ‘be’ sebagai linking verb (kata kerja penghubung).

Linking verb = menghubungkan Subject dengan Object/Complement-nya. ‘that a table’ + ‘be’ = that is a table.

table 2

Bisa dibilang ‘linking verb’ ini penyelamat. Ini dia aturan penggunaannya, jenis kata apa saja yang bisa oleh diikuti ‘be:.

table 3

‘Be’ as auxiliary verb

Perlu diperhatikan juga: ‘be’ tidak hanya berfungsi sebagai linking verb saja, namun juga auxiliary verb/helping verb (kata kerja bantu).

Sesuai dengan namanya, ‘be’ berfungsi membantu kata kerja lain (dalam hal ini hanya untuk Present Participle [V -ing] dan Past Participle [V3]).

  • ‘Be’ + ‘V -ing’ = membentuk bentuk ‘Continuous/Progressive’.
  • ‘Be’ + ‘V3’ = membentuk bentuk ‘Passive’.

table 4

Well, di sini akhir penjelasan admin. Tp jangan pergi dulu.. Baca sekali lagi penjelasan td krn sebentar lagi admin mau kasih #EngQuiz! :D

Alright, let’s start the #EngQuiz… Perhatian: jangan lupa penjelasan di twit-twit sebelumnya dibaca-baca lagi ya… :)

QUESTIONS

  1. Dalam English dan bahasa Indonesia berlaku aturan pembentukan clause yang  sama. Tapi ada 1 perbedaan. Apa itu?
  2. Clause ‘dia malas’ tidak bisa diterjemahkan menjadi ‘he lazy’ dalam bahasa Inggris. Mengapa?
  3. Seringkali kita membaca/mendengar clause (yang salah) seperti ini: “I am work at an office”. Kira-kira mengapa hal ini terjadi?

ANSWERS

Question 1.

  1. @m_yani: Predikat, di dalam grammar(tata bahasa) Inggris hanya digunakan untuk VERB!
  2. @tyastijas: b.inggris : predikat hny bs ditempati verb, b.indo : predikat bs utk verb, nomina, kata sifat, keterangan, nominal
  3. @rendy64: predikat dlm bhs inggris harus kata kerja (verb), sdngkn dlm bhs indonesia boleh kata benda, keterangan dll
  4. @na_nadz: dlm bahasa inggris predikat hanya boleh diisi dengan kata kerja :)

Question 2.

  1. @nialinbenye: krn dlm b.ing setiap kalimat hrs memiliki kt kerja / kt kerja bntu , dan lazy bkn kt krja, tp adjective :D
  2. @magnificentSJ: harus ditambahin ‘be’ ditengah2 subjek sama adj nya, jadi he is lazy~~ S sama adj gak bisa berdiri sendiri.
  3. @vaniayutami: 2. it has no verb. It should be added by ‘is’.
  4. @m_yani: jawaban yg sama karena predikat hanya bisa di isi VERB! sedangkan lazy bukan :)
  5. @dyaeliza: karena perlu adanya linking verb yg menghubungkan he (noun) dengan lazy (adjective). kalimat yang benar: he is lazy
  6. @livinaseptiana: krn klausa “he lazy” tdk memiliki verb. Lazy adalah adjective, jd klausa tsb hrs dilgkapi oleh to be “is” » he is lazy

Question 3.

  1. @raaadel: karena belom bisa bedain mana verb mana adjective, wokr itu verb ga perlu pake to be
  2. @cuomos: Inggris setiap kalimat selalu mengandung verb (kata kerja). Sdgkan indonesia, gak selalu ditemukan verb di stiap kalimat
  3. @maullagidong: Indonesia ga kenal “to be”. Langsung hajar aja bahasanya.

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, March 11, 2013

Related post(s):

^MQ

#EngClass: ‘Let,’ ‘make,’ ‘let’s’

I bet you know what ‘let’ and ‘make’ mean. So I need your help. Are these sentences correct? If not, please revise them. :)

  1. “Don’t let them know about the news yet.”
  2. “She makes me did it!”
  3. “Let’s swimming!”
2) She made me do it. 3) Let’s swim! – evajuliana13

Great! Sentences 2) and 3) are incorrect. Now,  let’s discuss what ‘let,’ ‘make,’ and ‘let’s’ mean and how to use them.

Let vs. make

‘Let’ and ‘make’ are both verbs. They have similar meanings (though not the same) and related sentence patterns.

  • ‘Let’ means allow/not prevent (mengijinkan/tidak mencegah),
  • ‘Make’ means force/compel (memaksa/mendorong untuk melakukan).

Both ‘let’ and ‘make’ have almost the same sentence patterns:

“Let + Object + Verb 1”

“Make + Object + Verb 1”

Important note:

  • We do not use ‘to’ before the verb, and the verb is not in Present Participle (Verb -ing) form.
  • If you want to change the tense of your sentence, you have to change ‘let’ and ‘make’.
    • Example:
      • She made me do it.

 

Practice:

Now, let’s translate these sentences into English, shall we?

  1. “Biarkan aku menolongmu.”
  2. “Aku tidak akan membiarkanmu melakukannya.”
  3. “Apakah kau membiarkan dia masuk tadi malam?”
  4. “Dia sudah memaksaku mengerjakan semua tugas ini.”
  5. “Untunglah ibuku tidak memaksaku untuk mencuci piring.”
  6. “Apakah kau akan memaksaku memberikan semua hadiah ini padanya?”

Please note, all the answers for number 1) to 6) are using either ‘let’ or ‘make.’ And I need to remind you again though: please read the explanation stated above. You do not need to use ‘to.’

Answer:

  1. “Let me help you.”
  2. “I won’t let you do it.”
  3. “Did you let him/her get in last night?”
  4. “He made me do all these tasks.” or “He made me do all these tasks.”
  5. “Thank goodness my mom doesn’t make me wash all these plates.” or “Fortunately, my mother did not make me wash the dishes.”
  6. “Will you make me give all these gifts to him/her?” or “Are you gonna make me give all these presents to him?”

 

Let’s

‘Let’s’ stands for ‘let us.’

“Let’s + Verb 1”

The pattern above is used to make suggestions for the speaker(s) and hearer(s) to do something.

Just like ‘let’ and ‘make,’ you do not need to use ‘to’ after ‘let’s.’

Examples from fellas:

  1. “Let’s make a sandwich.” – @julianawijaya
  2. “Hey, you are sick. Let’s go to the doctor. “- @alfial_
  3. “Let’s move!” – @evajuliana13
  4. “Let’s sleep earlier tonight.” – @ade_mestri
  5. “Let’s study happily and easily with this twitter account,@EnglishTips4U! Yeay!” – @raafian
  6. “Let’s make a sentence about this topic.” – @Echi1930

 

Extra:

Q. “Causative verb?” @ade_mestri

A. Yes, “let” and “make” are also called “causative verbs”. :)

 

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, February 18, 2013

 

Related post(s):

 

^MQ

#EngQuiz: learning idioms/idiomatic expressions through Community TV series

Hello, fellas! What’s up? Today’s session will start in another half an hour. But before that, here’s a sneak peek!

Community TV series

How many of you know what was the photo I posted a while ago about? Tonight we’re having #EngQuiz with materials I took from the TV series!

The TV series in which the photo I posted is ‘Community,’ a sitcom that’s originally on NBC. Read more about it here Community (TV series). Remember how we always say we can always learn English the fun way? That’s including by watching TV series. This one’s admin’s favorite.

A simple thing is how the series uses lots of idioms/idiomatic expressions in dialogues. They are not something you can find in classrooms.

Now, related to the #EngQuiz we are going to have tonight, this is how we’re gonna do it..

  1. Admin will post dialogue bits from ‘Community’ TV series, ‘Law & Order’ episode, that contain idioms/idiomatic expressions.
  2. Guess the meaning of the idioms/idiomatic expressions that are indicated by the use of brackets (tanda kurung).
  3. When you answer the #EngQuiz, don’t forget to also put the number of the question.
  4. Admin will then RT your correct answers.

Ready?!? Here it is, #EngQuiz with Community TV series! ;-D

Quiz 1:

Jeff: He did not say that.

Annie: He basically said that. You let me handle the (needy greedy).

Quiz 2:

Troy: Looks like it’s gonna be a late night. How we manage to (pull the short straw)?

Quiz 3:

Pierce: Of course I watered it. It was my turn, wasn’t it? I (hold up my end).

Quiz 4:

Troy: The guy we’re looking for had a key to Bio room Monday night.

Neil: Monday night? (Rings a bell). I’ll check the log.

Quiz 5:

Troy: That doesn’t make sense! You don’t order a ketchup, it’s a condiment!

Abed: Troy, hey, (walk it off)! Troy!

Quiz 6:

Abed: Sorry, my friend, he’s a bad cop. I’m a good cop, you can trust me.

Star-Burns: OK.. Hey, I’m (not falling for that)!

Quiz 7:

Abed: I’d say (our hands are tied), but we basically have no hands.

Quiz 8:

Jeff: You don’t need authority to get a confession. .. Break into his locker. You’ll find enough (dirt) to bury him.

Quiz 9:

Star-Burns: If you promise I won’t get in trouble for stealing that meth lab stuff. .. (Pinky swear)?

Quiz 10:

Dean Pelton: I’m inclined to agree with the man in the uniform.

Jeff: (Shocker)!

Quiz 11:

Troy: I’m sorry about my partner. He’s been (on the edge) ever since we switched.

Quiz 12:

Annie: .. but when (the going gets tough), Winger gets nervous, huh?!

Wondering what those idioms/idiomatic expressions in tonight’s#EngQuiz mean? Well, here they are!


ANSWERS:

  1. “Needy greedy= orang yang suka mencari perhatian? Trouble maker?” – @anie_1225
  2. “Refers to a way of choosing pple to do something, usually unpleasant job that nobody is going to volunteer for.” – @tatooyy
  3. “Hold up my end= keep the promises or work on his/her resposibilities?” – @anie_1225;  “Hold up my end : Did as assigned/promised.” – @stupidisa
  4. “Rings a bell = got the idea ? or like rembered something like aha!” – @anie_1225;  “rings a bell: reminds him about smthing.” – | @namirah_32
  5. “walk it off = trying to calming the others, maybe like just forget it; it’s okay, let’s get new one.” – ‏@anie_1225
  6. “Recognize a trick and refuse to be deceived by it.” – @anggirezky; “Hey, I’m (not falling for that)= it doesn’t trick me, I cant be fooled by that.” –  @namirah_32
  7. “Our hands are tied: doesn’t have the authority to do something.” –@stupidisa;  “Our hands are tied = We couldn’t do anything (that may help).” – @bonibayu
  8. “Evidence.” – @Istiquers:
  9. “An eternally binding promise, which, if broken, will result in the culprit losing his or her pinky, like in japanese movie if one of them break the promises something bad happen.” – @anie_1225; “pinky swear: a vow, a way to make a deal by linking pinky.” @Melmaymiss
  10. “Shocker: Such a surprise.” – @pskbd
  11. “On the edge: Having a very bad mood. – @stupidisa; “on the edge= on uncomfortable situation or unsteady stage(condition).” – @anie_1225
  12. “Going gets tough: problem/matter gets complicated or critical.” – @pskbd;  “The going gets tough= The things become difficult.” – @bonibayu

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, November 6, 2012.


RELATED POST(S):

^MD

#USSlang #EngQAs: American slang (12)

Cool

Do you know what ‘cool’ means, fellas? This word actually has several meanings. Here they are:

  1. Cool (adj.) Meaning: very good, excellent, interesting, fun.
    • Example:
      • “The movie was so cool!”
  2. Cool (adj.) Meaning: calm, relaxed.
    • Example:
      • “Everybody likes him because he’s cool.”
  3. Cool (adj.) Meaning: fashionable.
    • Example:
      • “The dress is so cool, I wanna have it.”
  4. Cool (adj.) Meaning: okay.
    • Example:
      • Do you mind if we use your place?

      • Yeah, I’m cool with it.

  5. Cool (interjection) Meaning: ‘cool’ can be used as an interjection (kata seru).
    • Example:
      • Oh my God, I finally won the lottery!

      • Cool!

  6. Cool (v.) Meaning: to chill, relax. (usually used in “-ing” form).
    • Example:
      • What are you up to?

      • Nothing, just coolin‘.

Extra note:

“Do u know what is ‘kewl’?” – @K_Leovir

Admin:kewl’ is another way of spelling ‘cool’ and it has the same meaning as ‘cool.’

Bro

Have you noticed that many people now use ‘bro’ to call each other? Do you know what ‘bro’ mean? Here’s the answer…

  1. Bro (n.) Meaning: the real meaning of ‘bro’ would be ‘brother,’ your sibling/actual brother.
    • Example:
      • “This is my bro, Alex.”
  2. Bro (n.) Meaning: also short for ‘brother,’ meaning friend.
    • Example:
      • “Hey bro, what’s up?”

More slang words

  1. Yeah right (interjection) Meaning: an expression of disbelief or doubt.
    • Example:
      • I will concentrate on studying tonight.

      • Yeah right.

  2. Nope (interjection) Meaning: has the same meaning as “no”.
    • Example:
      • Do you think he’ll come?

      • Nope, I don’t think so.

  3. Dunno. Meaning: a contraction for “I don’t know”.
    • Example:
      • Have you seen my pen?

      • Nope, I dunno where it is.

  4. Nice (adj.) Meaning: cool, very good, excellent.
    • Example:
      • The Biology test has been cancelled.

      • Nice!

  5. Whatever (interjection) Meaning: it means “I don’t care” or “yeah right” (for sarcasm).
    • Example:
      • I told you, the gossip is true!

      • Whatever.

  6. No worries. Meaning: no problem, not a problem, no big deal, don’t worry about it.’
    • Example:
      • I’m sorry for that.

      • No worries.

  7. Yeah, ya (interjection) Meaning: both mean ‘yes.’
    • Example:
      • Are you coming?

      • Ya.

  8. Ya. Meaning: can also mean ‘you’ or ‘your.’
    • Example:
      • I’ve got something for ya.

      • Ya iPhone? How nice!

  9. As if (interjection) Meaning: to say that whatever talked about is impossible or very unlikely.
    • Example:
      • She’ll surely say yes.

      • As if!

  10. Geez, jeez (interjection) Meaning: a general exclamation; from ‘Jesus.’
    • Example:
      • You mean so much to me.

      • Geez, thanks.

  11. Hell no (interjection) Meaning: a more empathetic form of ‘no.’
    • Example:
      • Will you be my girlfriend?

      • Hell no, I won’t.

  12. Yikes (interjection) Meaning: to express surprise (when shocked), discovery, worry, fear.
    • Example:
      • “The exam is in two days. Yikes!”
  13. Holy mother of God (interjection): to express amazement or alarm.
    • Example:
      • “Holy mother of God, this thing is awesome!”

Slang Q&As

1. As if

“As if, bukankah bermakna seolah-olah, e.g., ‘You act as if you know all things.'” – @Alfin_only

Answer:

Admin: correct. “as if” is the short form. Read this.

2. IDK

min kalo idk ap?‘ – @Anie6891

Answer:

“I don’t know” – @aldeanp

3. Hell yeah

“Kalo Hell Yeah itu apa ya min kira2?” – @balerinaa

Answer:

“Kebalikannya hell no.” – @anggraenidevi

“Yes definitely.” – @Dee_Viina

4. TBH and SMH

“do you know what are tbh and smh means?” – @meisyrizka

Answer:

“tbh = to be honest = kalau boleh jujur/ sejujurnya. smh = shake my head = (semacem ga percaya/ga nerima) :) cmiiw.” – @zikyunggg

5. Dayum

“Kalo ‘dayum’ apa ya.” – @zikyunggg

Answer:

“Dayum: Damn.” – @rismasofri

6. Pmsl, tsk, sfm, odg

“kalo pmsl, tsk, sfm, odg ??” – @alunanku

Answer:

“kalo Tsk itu ‘ckckckck'” – @YusepArdiani

“PMSL=pissing myself laughing, tsk=just expression of sound just like “ck”, SFM=some fckin moron, ODG=oh dear god” – @ki_war

“pmsl = pissing my self lauging, odg = oh dear god, sfm = so fcking much, tsk = similar w/ ‘duh'” – @___brainless

7. Cut you

“kalo “cut you” itu naon?? Serimg banget di film.” – @kisinje_II

Answer:

“like ur gonna get stabbed but its most likey being sarcastic.” – @dimas_soedopo

8. Kewl

“How to pronounce “kewl”?” – @ZahriMaya

Answer:

Admin: how to pronounce “cool” or “kewl” (same pronunciation) click cool (Cambridge Dictionary).

9. Lego

“wht about lego?” – @yohanaeny

Answer:

“Let’s go.” – @farizanr

10. Imma

“Klo imma apaan min?” – @LutfiWong

Answer:

Admin: “I’m going to”.

11. Meme

klo maksudnya phone, ‘y u no cooperate’ apa ya?” – @RizkyWahyu

Answer:

“That’s “meme” not slang “Y U NO” Guy.” – @Derpamoto

“phone y(why) u(you) no cooperate = hp, kok lu ga mau kerjasama ?” – @emerald_love

12. YOLO

kalo yolo itu singkatan dari apa ya? sering liat di bio akun2 orang luar….” – @nuzeldaa

Answer:

“YOLO = You Only Live Once.” – @dian_r_h

13. Stupid hoe

“what about “stupid hoe”?” – @gomadryi

Answer:

“Oops. Ga sopan artinya. ‘stupid bi*ch'” – @AriAGafur

“Nicki Minaj’s song.lol .nope,it’s like slut or badgirl” – @ziiarch

14. Dope, FML, YOLO

“Min, what’s dope, fml & yolo? And what are those words use for?” – @OhItsVynn

Answer:

“dope mirip sama amazing. Fml = fck my life.” – @dhikachu13

“fml f*ck my life. Misalnya ‘I have a lot of homework. Fml.'” – @dhrif143

dope-fml-yolo-large

@sebastiannee

15. LMS

“lms?” – @yohanaeny

Answer:

“Like my status” – @imamurza

16. Jelly

“kalo jelly = jealous itu termasuk US atau British slang min?” – @lintaarchie

Answer:

Admin: US I guess. Any other opinions?

More slang words from fellas:

“Yay (agreement), Nay (disagreement). Eg: “We’re going to watch Morrissey and John Mayer tonight, nay or yay?” – @YektiTriana

“Gimme aka Give Me. ‘Gimme a cigarette'” – @sofyanlich

“Lemme ( Let Me ) lemme know bout that !” – @muthiakharisma

“I used to watch in MV/movie making: “That’s a wrap”, meaning the work’s complete.” – @LV_Ayuningtyas

‘Wutta’ means ‘what a’ e.g. ‘Wutta beautiful nite!'” – @tianovita

“Slicey (adjective): #UKSlang for extremely cool, sexy, hot or awesome. E.g: “what a slicey beast.” – @rossiirianti

“lmao = laughing my a*s off” – @firda1899

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, September 2, 2012

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^MQ