All posts by EnglishTips4U

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#WOTD: Phubbing

Hola, Fellas. Happy Thursday! How are you doing this week?

This evening we are going to have #WOTD session. I’ll share some things about “phubbing.” Have you ever heard about that word?

I was reading an article in Time news portal when I found it. At the time I was a little bit confused because ‘phubbing’ was related to health, especially in mental health.

Apparently, “phubbing” is a combination of “phone” and “snubbing.”

There are some meaning of “snubbing” in dictionary, but in this case it means to neglect (someone).

So, “phubbing” means neglecting someone (you’re talking to) to your smartphone.

For example, you are replying to your friend’s comment while you are checking your instagram or twitter.

As another illustration and it is commonly found in your daily life, you didn’t hear to your friend’s remarks because you were focusing on your phone. So, in the end you are asking for repeat.

Merriam-webster states that some language experts were the first initiator of this word. Then, it became a trending topic in Australian news portal.

Source:

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Thursday, April 12, 2018

 

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#IOTW: Idioms Related to Transportation and Travel

Hello, fellas! How’s your weekend?
Let’s discuss idioms related to transportation and travel! Here we go! #IOTW
On the same boat: sharing a particular experience or circumstance with someone else. 

E.g.: “You’re not the only one who failed to get the concert ticket. We’re on the same boat!” 

Jump on the bandwagon: to join or follow something once it is successful or popular. 

E.g.: “I heard Black Panther movie is phenomenal, but I’m not going to jump on the bandwagon and watch it. Superhero movie isn’t my cup of tea.”

Paddle one’s own canoe: to be able to act independently. 

E.g.: “Since I turned 25 this year, mom expected me to paddle my own canoe.”

Backseat driver: someone who tells the others how to do things. 

E.g.: “I don’t need a backseat driver on this project. Stop pestering me with all your advice.”

Hit the road: to leave, especially on a road trip.

E.g.: “Let’s hit the road before dawn.”
Itchy feet: the need to leave or to travel. 

E.g.: “Seeing the picture of a beach really gives me the itchy feet.”

Sail through (something): to complete something quickly and with ease. 

E.g.: “My thesis sailed through the professor with no debate.”

A third/fifth wheel: An unwanted or unnecessary person. 

E.g.: “Ann invited me to go to the movies, but if she also invited her boyfriend, I wouldn’t be joining. I would feel like a third wheel there.”
That wraps up our session, fellas! See you on another session.

Compiled and written by @anhtiss at @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, March 24, 2018.

#WOTD: Scilicet

Hello, Fellas. Welcome back to #WOTD sesion. How did you do today? This evening I would like to discuss the word “scilicet.” Has any of you heard about this? If so, could you tell us the meaning of “scilicet”?

I found “scilicet” when I accidentally look “word of the day” section in Merriam Webster dictionary.

The dictionary describes “scilicet” is an adverb that is synonymous to “namely.” “Scilicet” is derived from Latin, “scire,” which means ‘to know’ and “licere,” which means ‘to be permitted.’

It is also said that this word is usually can be found in a legal related instruments. In addition, Oxford dictionary states that “scilicet” has a function to explain an ambiguous or obscure statement. There are some words that is synonymous to “scilicet,” they are “namely” and “to wit (that is to say).”

Lastly, here are some example of “scilicet” contained sentences:

  1. “The top ten happiest countries are come from Europe, scilicet Finland, Denmark, and Sweden.”
  2. “In some region funeral can attracts people, scilicet the funeral in Bali (Ngaben) and in Toraja have their cultural value and uniqueness that lead other people to witness the ceremony.”

 

Source:

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Thursday, March 15, 2018

 

#GrammarTrivia: Brackets

Hello, fellas! How’s your day?

Today we will talk about “brackets.” Here we go! 

Brackets are symbols mainly used as separator for additional information to a sentence or a main content. If we remove the brackets, the sentence would still make good sense. There are two main types of brackets: round () and square []. British English (BrE) and American English (AmE) define them differently.
BrE: (  ) = round brackets or brackets

AmE: (  ) = parentheses

BrE: [  ] = square brackets

AmE: [  ] = brackets

Round brackets or parentheses are used to add extra information to a sentence.

E.g.: “Lake Toba (Indonesia: Danau Toba) is the largest volcanic lake in the world and is in Sumatra, Indonesia.” 
Round brackets or parentheses are used to indicate plural or singular nouns.

E.g.: “My new shelf need book(s).”
Round brackets or parentheses are used to add a personal comment.

E.g.: “Kuta Beach is the most beautiful beach in Bali. (I prefer Sanur Beach  to Kuta Beach.)”
Round brackets or parentheses are used to define abbreviations.

E.g.: “The link above will take you to a PDF (Portable Document Format) version.”

Square brackets are used to modify another person’s words, especially when we want to make it clear that the modification has been made by us, not by the original writer. 

E.g.: 

The witness said: “He [the policeman] hit me.”
Square brackets are used to add information.

E.g.: “The two teams in the finals of the first FIFA Football World Cup were both from South America [Uruguay and Argentina].”
Square brackets are used to add missing words.

E.g.: “It is [a] good question.” 
Square brackets are used to modify a direct quotation.

E.g.:

He “love[s] driving.” (The original words were “I love driving.”)
That’s all for today, fellas! I hope it’ll be useful for you. Good night!
Compiled and written by @anhtiss at @EnglishTips4U. Saturday, March 10, 2018.

#EngTips: Capitalization (2)

Hey, fellas! We meet again. How was your day?
On last week session, we discussed capitalization. Find the recap here: https://englishtips4u.com/2018/01/13/engtips-capitalization/
Today, we will continue to discuss the rules of capitalization. Here we go! #EngTips
1. Do not capitalize compass directions (south, etc.) that aren’t being used as a name.

E.g.: “We’re leaving West Java and heading north this month.” #EngTips
2. Do not capitalize earth’s landscape (e.g.: river, hill, sea) that aren’t being used as a name, especially when the term is used descriptively. #EngTips

E.g.: 

Semeru mountain

Toba lake
2. … However, if the earth’s landscape is being used as a name and being an actual part of a proper noun, it needs to be capitalized. #EngTips

E.g.: 

Mount Krakatau

Sahara Desert

Jimbaran Beach
3. Do not capitalize occupation before full names. However, titles replacing one’s first name are capitalized. #EngTips

E.g.:

“The soccer team was trained by coach James.”

“Here comes Doctor Smith.”
4. Do not capitalize the first item in a list followed by a colon. #EngTips

E.g.: “You need to buy: apples, grapes, and mangos.”
5. Do not capitalize coordinating conjunction (and, but, yet, or, nor, for, so) unless it is first or last word in a title. #EngTips

E.g.: “So Quiet on the Canine Front is a 1930 comedy short film.”

“There are ten movies in Abbot and Costello series.”
6. Do not capitalize an article (a, an, the) unless it is first or last word in a title. #EngTips

E.g.: “The Atlantis Interceptors was influenced by Mad Max.”
That’s all I can share for today, fellas. I hope it could be useful for you.
Compiled and written by @anhtiss at @EnglishTips4U. Saturday, 27 January, 2018.

#EngTips: Capitalization

Hello, fellas! How’s your weekend?
Today’s session discusses the capitalization rules. Capitalization is the action of writing a word with uppercase for the first letter and lowercase for the remaining letters.

Let’s check some rules of capitalization below. #EngTips
1. Capitalize the first word of every sentence. #EngTips

E.g.: “I’m happy that you gave me a huge bouquet of roses. Jim, you really pull out all the stops.”
2. Capitalize the first-person singular pronoun, I. #EngTips

E.g.:

“I want to eat an apple.”

“Where did I put the book?”
3. Capitalize people’s name. #EngTips

E.g.: “Christopher Nolan is an excellent director, screenwriter, and producer.”
4. Capitalize the proper nouns (names of the cities, countries, geological location). #EngTips

E.g.:

“She’s from Maluku, Indonesia.”

“We’ve been to Northern California for a holiday.”
5. Capitalize the proper nouns (historical event, political parties, religion and religious term, races, nationality, languages). #EngTips

E.g.:

“Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.”

“There are many Asians living in America.”

“Thank, God!”
6. Capitalize days of the week, month, holiday. However, do not capitalize the names of seasons (spring, summer, fall, autumn, winter). #EngTips

E.g.:

“Today is Saturday, December 13, 2018.”

“Out of all season, I love spring the most!”
7. Capitalize the proper nouns (names of newspaper, journal, company, and brand name). #EngTips

E.g.:

“Most newspaper have an online edition, including the New York Times.”

“The current trend of South Korean idols is to wear Balenciaga shoes.”
8. Capitalize a formal title when it is used as a form of address. #EngTips

E.g.:

“Thank you for your help, Doctor!”

“Let’s visit Grandfather today.”
That wraps up our session, fellas! See you on another interesting session.
Compiled and written by @anhtiss at @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, Januari 13, 2018.

#EngVocab: Phrasal Verbs with ‘Get’

Hey, fellas! How do you do?

It’s time for us to get along  more and discuss phrasal verbs together!
The previous tweet contains a phrasal verb. Phrasal verb is a phrase that consists of a verb with a preposition or adverb or both. The meaning of phrasal verb is different from the original verb.
Below is the list of the phrasal verb with ‘get’ to enrich your vocabulary.

  1. Get along (with something/someone): be friendly.

E.g.: “My classmates and I get along very well. We eat together in lunch time.”


  1. Get out: to leave; used for telling someone to leave. 

E.g.: “I’m studying here! Please get out of my room!” 

  1. Get over (something): to deal with or gain control of something.

E.g.: “She can’t get over her happy feeling.”

  1. Get through to (something): to go forward to the next step of a process.

E.g.: “He got through to the final round of audition.”

  1. Get by: to survive by using the money, knowledge, etc. that you have.

E.g.: “How are you getting by these days?”

  1. Get away: to leave from a person or place.

E.g.: “We’ve decided to visit countryside to get away from this city.”

  1. Get up: to get out of bed after sleeping. 

E.g.: “My sister gets up at 4:30 every morning.”

  1. Get rid of (something): to remove or throw away something. 

E.g.: “Mr. Jo got rid of their old sofa and bought a new one.”

  1. Get off: to escape a punishment; to stop an action from someone or something.

E.g.: “The suspect will get off with a caution.”

“Would you please get your feet off the table?”
10. Get in: to arrive at home or at work.

E.g.: “She never gets in before 6:50 in the morning.”

That’s all for today, fellas! It’s time for #EngVocab session to get away and let another session take over tomorrow.
Written and compiled by @anhtiss on @EnglishTips4U. Saturday, December 16, 2017

#IOTW: Fear

Hello, fellas! Did you enjoy the Halloween event few days ago? In the theme of Halloween, we will talk about the idioms related to fear, nervousness, and anxiety. Here we go!

 

  1. Shake like a leaf

Meaning: to tremble violently with fear and nervousness

E.g.: “Before I went into the exam room, I was shaking like a leaf.”

 

  1. Scared stiff

Meaning: utterly terrified that one cannot move

E.g.: “He was scared stiff when the dog barked at him.”

 

  1. Send shivers down (one’s) spine

Meaning: to cause an intense feeling of fear, nervousness, exhilaration, or excitement in someone.

E.g.: “This creepy old house is sending shivers down my spine! Let’s get out from here.”

 

  1. Bated breath

Meaning: if you wait for something with bated breath, you wait in an anxious or excited way to see what’s happen next.

E.g.: “We waited with bated breath for the winner to be announced.”

 

  1. Bundle of nerves

Meaning: someone who is very nervous, anxious, or uneasy.

E.g.: “Ann is doing her college entrance exam today. She’s a bundle of nerves!”

 

  1. Break out in a cold sweat

Meaning: to begin sweating because one is nervous or frightened.

E.g.: “I get nervous at the dentist and usually break out in a cold sweat.”

 

  1. Make one’s blood run cold

Meaning: to shock or horrify someone.

E.g.: “I could tell you a horror story that would make your blood run cold.”

 

 

Source:

  • Cambridge Idioms Dictionary.

  • Farlex Dictionary of Idioms

 

 

Compiled and written by @anhtiss at @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, November 3, 2017.

#WOTD: Debutante

Hello, Fellas. How are you today? This evening we are going to discuss “debutante.” Are you familiar with this word?

The very first time I found “debutante” is when I was reading historical fiction novel. It was about a selection to get a bride for crown prince of a kingdom.

If you take a look in Merriam-Webster dictionary, “debutante” is originally a French word. It means grand attendance of an upper-class young lady to parties. Since they are a high-class parties, the lady definitely wears her best gown to create a good impression.

Generally, debutantes will be presented in a royal party in order where the nobles may choose one of them as their soon-to-be bride. Here are some illustration of the “debutante” usage in a sentence:

  • “Nina is the most debutante in this season.”
  • “A debutante should have a beauty as well as a good education.”

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Thursday, September 14, 2017

#IOTW: Idioms on clothing (3)

  1. Air one’s dirty linen in public. Meaning: to discuss someone’s private problem to others.
    • Example:
      • “Astrid is untrustworthy. I heard it when she was airing Vivi’s dirty linen in public yesterday.”
  2. As comfortable as an old shoe. Meaning: very comfortable/familiar.
    • Example:
      • “Ana’s family is very friendly. I felt as comfortable as an old shoe when I stayed at her home last night.”
  3. Best bib and tucker. Meaning: someone’s best clothing.
    • Example:
      • “This prom night only happens once in our life. You have to wear your best bib and tucker.”
  4. Bore the pants off. Meaning: to frighten someone very badly.
    • Example:
      • “Did you heard about the current plane crash? I thought it was Albert’s flight. It really bored my pants off.
  5. Emperor’s new clothes. Meaning: a situation in which people are afraid to criticize something because everyone seems to think it’s good. This idiom is used when many people believe that it is not true.
    • Example:
      • “It’s like an emperor’s new clothes when my sister tell us the reason why she runaway.”
  6. Hand in glove with (someone). Meaning: very close with someone.
    • Example:
      • “I used to be hands in glove with my friends, but we are like strangers now.”
  7. Hang on (someone’s) coattails. Meaning: to have one’s fortune or being successful because of another person.
    • Example:
      • “He won’t be a manager if he didn’t hang on Andrew’s coattails.”
  8. Wear sackcloth and ashes. Meaning: to behave that you are very sorry for something you have done.
    • Example:
      • “Tristan is still mad at me even though I have apologized to him and wore my sackcloth and ashes.
  9. Talk through one’s hat. Meaning: to say something without knowing/understanding the facts.
    • Example:
      • “I really hate my aunt because she always thinks that she’s right and talk through my hat.
  10. Stuffed shirt. Meaning: a person who is too rigid/formal.
    • Example:
      • “Just have a seat and relax. Don’t be a stuffed shirt.”

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Thursday, May 25, 2017.

#EngGame: Pick the odd one out

As the title suggests, the way to do this game is by picking the odd word out of the list.

1. Pick the odd one out.
I
You
He
Her
Correct! ‘I,’ ‘you’ & ‘we’ are subject pronouns. ‘Her’ is an object pronoun.
2. Pick the odd one out.
Soft
Hard
Pretty
Tomorrow
Correct! ‘Soft,’ ‘hard’ & ‘pretty’ are adjectives. ‘Tomorrow’ is an adverb.
3. Pick the odd one out.
Often
Usually
Never
Here
Correct! ‘Often,’ ‘usually’ & ‘never’ are adverbs of time. ‘Here’ is an adverb of place.
4. Pick the odd one out.
Cheers
Mate
Biccie
Dude
Correct! ‘Cheers,’ ‘mate’ & ‘biccie’ are Australian slang. ‘Dude’ is an American slang.
5. Pick the odd one out.
Must
Will
Can
Think
Correct! ‘Must,’ ‘will’ & ‘can’ are modal auxiliaries. ‘Think’ is a verb.
6. Pick the odd one out.
Think
Drink
Eat
Taught
Correct! ‘Think,’ ‘drink’ & ‘eat’ are present verb. ‘Taught’ is a past verb of ‘teach.’
7. Pick the odd one out.
Subject
Verb
Object
Quote
Correct! Subject, verb & object are parts of a sentence. Quote is a motivational sentence quoted from someone.
8. Pick the odd one out.
Chat
SMS
Email
Voice note
Correct! Chat, SMS & email are text communication. Voice note is an audio message.
9. Pick the odd one out.
Refuse
Deny
Spurn
Consent
Correct! ‘Refuse,’ ‘deny’ & ‘spurn’ are synonymous. All three indicate unwillingness to accept or do something. ‘Consent’ is the antonym. It indicates approval or agreement.
10. Pick the odd one out.
Gratify
Greet
Grow
Guest
Correct! ‘Gratify,’ ‘greet’ & ‘grow’ are verbs. ‘Guest’ is a noun.

There go all 10 numbers, fellas! Give them a try by clicking the words and find your answers right away. That’s all for now, fellas! See you again in another #EngGame!

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Saturday, April 15, 2017

#USSlang: Internet slang (2)

In this article, we’ll share some slang words we would most likely find on the internet. Do remember that we should avoid using slang words in formal situation.

Slang words are ideally only used in casual conversation and text. They are popular only for a certain period of time. Let’s start , shall we?

 

  1. Sus. Meaning: someone sketchy, shady.
    • Example:
      • I told you that guy over there was sus.
    • ‘Sus’ comes from the word suspect. As a slang, ‘sus’ suggests that someone is sketchy or shady.
    • Other than that, ‘sus’ can also mean ‘see you soon.’ Example:
      • I’m getting off work now. Sus.
  2. Boots. Meaning: emphasis, very much.
    • Example:
      • I had a very long day. I’m tired boots.
    • Tired boots = very tired
    • Add ‘boots’ to the end of an adjective or verb to emphasize on whatever you’re saying.
  3. Hunty. Meaning: a term of endearment for friends, usually used in the drag community.
    • Example:
      • Hey hunty, I’m home!
    • ‘Hunty’ is a combination of two words, ‘honey’ and ‘c*nt.’ It can sometimes be used in a demeaning way.
  4. Stan. Meaning: an obsessed fan (n.), admire (v.)
    • Example:
      • There’s a bunch of Stans waiting right outside the concert hall.
    • ‘Stan’ originated from Eminem song about an obsessed fan. ‘Stan’ was the main character in the song.
  5. OTP (One True Pairing) Meaning: your favorite relationship in a fandom, a couple that other people think matches the best.
    • Example:
      • My OTP is Glenn Alinskie Chelsea Olivia. They’re such a cute couple.
  6. Tea. Meaning: gossip, news or personal information belonging to someone else.
    • Example:
      • Spill the tea about what happened at the party.
  7. DR (double rainbow). Meaning: a term used to convey extreme happiness.
    • Example:
      • I got a promotion at work and have been seeing DRs all day.
  8. ICYMI (in case you missed it). Meaning: often used by people who missed things (often important) in social media or chat rooms.
    • Example:
      • ICYMI, my cat is sick and it ruined half of my wardrobe.
    • ICYMI can also be used in humorous way to point something which is already obvious.
  9. IMMD (it made my day). Meaning: a term used to show happiness, something awesome.
    • Example:
      • OMG! My boss just gave me a huge raise. #IMMD
  10. AMA (ask me anything). Meaning: a term to invite people to ask questions.
    • Example:
      • I have been studying for that exam all day. AMA.

There goes 10 internet slang words for now, fellas! Now that you have 10 more slang words in your repertoire, it’s time to put them to practice.

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, March 15, 2017


Related post(s):

^MQ

#IOTW: Idioms related to Education and School (2)

Hello, last week I shared some idioms related to education and school. If you missed it, you can write the article by click here. And today, I would like to add some into the list. They are:

1. Town and gown. Meaning: the relation (often bad) between a town and the university and university students who are located in that town.

  • Example:
    • There were town and gown conflicts in graduation party in Purwokerto.

2. Three R’s. Meaning: the basic skills for basic education, reading; (w)riting, and (a)rithmatic.

  • Example:
    • Did you get three R’s when you were in pre-school or in elementary school?

3. Single file. Meaning: a line with one person standing behind another person.

  • Example:
    • The students line up single file before entering the auditorium.

4. Show of hands. Meaning: a rising hands in a class or group to vote or to see what people think about something.

  • Example:
    • There is no show of hands to the option of hiking.

5. Show and tell. Meaning: (in the lower grade of elementary school) children bring something interesting to show it to the rest of the class.

  • Example:
    • Almost every girl used to do this, show and tell their new belongings.

6. Flunk out. Meaning: to fail a course, to fail and then leave school.

  • Example:
    • If you decide taking international education experience, you better prepare it well or you would flunk out.

7. Draw a blank. Meaning: to get no respond from someone when you ask her or him a question.

  • Example:
    • I draw a blank when I ask her about her study plan.

8. Eager beaver. Meaning: someone who works very hard and is very enthusiastic.

  • Example:
    • It is well known that the students in Japan and South Korea are eager beavers.

9. Pass with flying colour. Meaning: to pass something easily and with a high score.

  • Example:
    • I am sure I can pass the Biology test with flying colour.

10. Play hooky. Meaning: to not go to school when you should.

  • Example:
    • My mom knew I was playing hooky. And she was mad at me.

Compiled and written by @mettaa_ for @EnglishTips4u on Tuesday, February 28, 2017.

#EngKnowledge: History of action movies

What’s your favorite movie genre, fellas? Drama? Comedy? Action? A combination of the three of them? Today is #EngKnowledge: History of Action Movies.

Action movies went way back to the 1920s-1930s. The most notable theme was swashbuckling (petualangan). The setting normally sits in the Age of Renaissance where a lot of sword fightings happened. The earliest version of Robin Hood and The Mark of Zorro are associated with this era.

In 1940s-1950s, as it coincided with the WWII, the theme shifted to war and western cowboy. Sean Connery rose to fame and popularity because of his role in the first five James Bond Movies. In 1970s, James Bond got new competitors. The main theme from this era was detective and police officer stories. Also, there was an introduction of martial arts to western audiences. Bruce Lee in the Enter the Dragon got a lot of attention. In the late 70s, Bruce Lee’s disciple, Chuck Norris, played a role that combines martial arts with cops and robbers. Other notable movies were The Godfather trilogy with Al Pacino and Marlon Brando epic performances.

1980s were the Golden Period of action movies genre. This genre took over Hollywood and dominated it. Sylvester Stallone, Arnold Schwarzenegger, and most of the actors from The Expendables were huge hits in this period. The first Rambo and Die Hard were very popular back then. Harrison Ford also rose to fame because of his role as Han Solo and Indiana Jones in this era.

The 1990s were the era of sequels, prequels, and the hybrid of the subgenre action movies. Action Comedy, Action Horror, and Sci-Fi Action were amongst the most popular subgenres. Jackie Chan, Will Smith, and many other senior actors in our current period rose to fame in in 1990s. 1990s were also the birth of Computer Generated Imagery (CGI) which revolutionized the action movies genre. CGI, in the 2000s, grew to be an importance to the world of cinemas, included but not limited to action movies genre. CGI, in the 2000s, grew to be an importance to the world of cinemas, included but not limited to action movies genre. Action Movies in the 2010s are mostly consist of cross-over of science fiction and action. Most of you wouldn’t agree with my choice of the best action movie in 2010s so let’s say we hang on to that until 2020s. :p

Compiled by @bintilvice for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, 20 November 2015.

#WOTD: Absquatulate

Today I’m going to share a word that has a unique origin because today’s session is #WOTD: Absquatulate. Sounds fancy, huh? Absquatulate is a verb, and it means “to leave” or “decamp”, usually after taking something. This word, along with few others, has a unique history. Absquatulate is a pseudo-Latin word. In 1830s, it was a trend back then in USA to make a word that sounded Latin. Along with “absquatulate”, there were also BLOVIATE and DISCOMBOBULATE from this period.

Absquatulate is made from the word “squat” with ab- as a prefix and –late as a suffix. Ab- or abs- means “away” or “off” while –late is a suffix that usually refers to “to do something”. The synonyms of absquatulate are: take off, decamp, abscond, run off, flee, and fly.

Now, let’s use it in a few sentences:

  1. The CEO of Primatech absquatulated before facing the trial for embezzlement.
  2. The Wildlings are ready to absquatulate from the camp and head to The Wall.
  3. She absquatulated after taking my heart.

Compiled by @bintilvice for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, 27 November 2015.

#IOTW: Mum’s the word

Today is #IOTW “Mum’s the word”! Yay! Have you heard of this expression before, fellas? “Mum’s the word” means “to keep quiet”, it is said when you agree to keep an information as a secret.

Ex: “Please don’t tell anyone. This is a huge secret.” “Alright. Mum’s the word.”

Nurseries and kids’ toys use this expression as a name for their product. Makes you wonder “does it mean like ‘don’t tell anyone mum’s secret.’?”. I used to wonder that way. So, why “mum”? What is mum, a fancy way of saying Mother in British English, got to do with silent or secret? The answer is NONE. Yeah, it was surprising for me too.

Mum is a Middle English word that means silent. It came from “mmm”, the humming sound made with closed mouth. This word went way back to 1376. The first notable use of this word was from William Langland’s poem, Piers Plowman. “Thou mightest beter meten the myst on Malverne hulles then geten a MOM of heore mouth til moneye weore schewed.” I know, I don’t understand the words either. Haha. That sentence is loosely translated into: “You may as well try to measure the mist in Malverne Hills as to try to get a word from her mouth without first offering payment.” Shakespeare, in one of his masterpiece, Henry VI Part 2, actually coined the expression “mum’s the word”: “Seal up your lips and give no words but mum.”

Compiled by @bintilvice for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, 04 December 2015.

#EngVocab: Words from word root ‘Cis’

Today’s session would be #EngVocab: Words from Word Root ‘Cis’. ‘Cis’, ‘cide’, and ‘cid’ come from a Latin root which means ‘to cut’ or ‘to kill’. Cis’, ‘cide’, and ‘cid’ come from a Latin root which means ‘to cut’ or ‘to kill’. Let’s CUT to the chase! Here are the examples! (You see what I did there?)

  1. Decision: cutting off all possibilities, except one.

Ex: “I’ve made my decision. I choose you.”

  1. Scissors: a tool to cut.

Ex: “Give me a pair of scissors and I’ll help you out.”

  1. Concise: brief, direct.

Ex: “Please tell me your work experience in a concise manner.”

  1. Precise: accurate.

Ex: “A precise estimation is necessary. If you miss by even one inch, things would go bad.”

  1. Pesticide: tools/chemicals to kill pests.

Ex: “We need more pesticides before the swarm returns!”

  1. Homicide: Murder.

Ex: “It was clearly a homicide, Watson. A murder.”

  1. Excision: to cut out, to remove.

Ex: “The surgeon performed an excision to take out the tumor.”

  1. Incision: to cut into.

Ex: “The doctor did an incision on me, but he leaves no scar! Amazing!”

Compiled by @bintilvice for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, 11 December 2015.

#EngQuote: Secret

Earlier today, I watched Good Will Hunting. Have you watched it yet, fellas? It’s a bit old but gold. If you watched it already, you could see that Will had a lot of secret he kept inside, aside from being a genius. Anyway, our session today will be #EngQuote SECRET!

Alright then, let’s get it started!

  1. Everyone is like a moon, and has a dark side which he never shows to anybody.- Mark Twain
  2. Three may keep a secret, if two of them are dead. – Benjamin Franklin
  3. If you want to keep a secret, you must also hide it from yourself. -George Orwell
  4. A good friend keeps your secrets for you. A best friend helps you keep your own secrets. – Lauren Oliver
  5. Man is not what he thinks he is, he is what he hides. – André Malraux
  6. Whoever wishes to keep a secret must hide the fact that he possesses one.-Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
  7. Nothing weighs on us so heavily as a secret.-Jean de La Fontaine
  8. To keep your secret is wisdom; but to expect others to keep it is folly.-Samuel Johnson
  9. The best secrets are the most twisted. ― Sara Shepard

Compiled by @bintilvice for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, 18 December 2015.