All posts by alicesaraswati

Content creator to www.englishtips4u.com

#EngQAs: Grammar (2)

Hi, fellas! I hope you’re all well.

Today, I’m going to open a #EngQAs session on grammar. If you have questions about grammar, tweet us!

We’ll start with a question from @NormallyInsane. Is the sentence “I suffer from PTSD” an adverbial clause or a prepositional one? #EngQAs

‘I suffer from PTSD’ is already a whole sentence that can stand by itself, so it cannot be categorized as clause. @NormallyInsane #EngQAs

It can be categorized as independent clause in complex sentence, compound sentence, or complex-compound sentence. @NormallyInsane #EngQAs

From its structure, it is classified as prepositional phrase. Prepositional phrase works as an adverb or adjective. @NormallyInsane #EngQAs

As an adjective, it will answer the question ‘which one’. E.g.: The computer on the table is mine. @NormallyInsane #EngQAs

The prepositional phrase in that example is ‘on the table’. Which computer? The one on the table. @NormallyInsane #EngQAs

As an adverb, prepositional phrase answers the question how, when, and where. How do you suffer? From PTSD. @NormallyInsane #EngQAs

So, the sentence ‘I suffer from PTSD’ contains prepositional phrase that works as an adverb. Hopefully it helps, @NormallyInsane. #EngQAs

 

Our 2nd question is this: what’s the difference between present tense and simple present? #EngQAs

Awaliyah Nurul Huda @PuteriDongeng31

@EnglishTips4U Apa beda present tenses sama simple present? Yg pakai tambahan es/s teh yg mna? Mkasih

 

Present tense is a grammatical tense to locate events or situation in present time. @PuteriDongeng31 #EngQAs

Simple present tense is the simplest form of present tense, the other forms being present continuous, present perfect, and present perfect continuous. @PuteriDongeng31 #EngQAs

Basically, simple present is a form of present tense, the most basic one. @PuteriDongeng31 #EngQAs

The verbs in simple present use the same form as the infinitive, except for 3rd person singular subject (he, she, it), where the verbs take the ending (e)s. So, the one using s/es as you mentioned is the simple present. I hope it’s clear enough @PuteriDongeng31 #EngQAs

 

Our 3rd and last question of the day is this one.

Fithriyani @IamFithry

@EnglishTips4U when we use “its” and “it’s”? #EngQAs

 

First of all, ‘it’s’ is the contraction of it is or it has. ‘It is raining now’ can be written as ‘It’s raining now’. @IamFithry #EngQAs

Another example: It has been a while since we last met. It’s been a while since we last met. @IamFithry #EngQAs

‘Its’ is a possessive pronoun which modifies the noun ‘it’, just as my to I, your to you, her to she, etc. @IamFithry #EngQAs

E.g.: My dog eats its food so eagerly you’ll think I never feed it. @IamFithry #EngQAs

E.g.: The fine dining serves salad as one of its appetizers. I hope this answers your question, @IamFithry #EngQAs

 

DJ ‏@Portuguesamava  Dec 14

@EnglishTips4U @PuteriDongeng31 contohnya . I 》drink《 milk every morning He 》 drinks 《 milk every morning

Fithriyani ‏@IamFithry  Dec 14

@EnglishTips4U that was a good explanation, thank u so much, now i get it

 

I think that’s a wrap for today, fellas! I wish we had more time for the unanswered question. No worries, you can join another #EngQAs. Thank you for your attention, questions, RTs, and likes. If you didn’t follow it from the start, a summary will be posted in our site later.

Our site, www.englishtips4u.com also provides you with many interesting topics for English learners and enthusiasts, so check it regularly. Good night, fellas! Have a good rest!! Bye!

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 14 December, 2015.

#BusEng: Writing a Resignation Letter

Good evening, fellas! How’d your Monday go?

Last week, we’ve discussed how to resign from a company. If you missed it, this page can give you the summary https://englishtips4u.com/2015/12/01/engtips-how-to-resign/

And now, we’re moving on to one of the most crucial parts of resigning: writing a resignation letter. #BusEng

I personally think that a resignation letter can be as equally important as an application letter. While an application can determine whether we will get the job, a resignation letter can set a different tone during your last days. #BusEng

So, what to write in your resignation letter? Here are some ideas. #BusEng

1. Keep it simple.

Start first with the normal and polite greetings. It’s recommended that the first paragraph has the information of your resignation and your last day. Have a look at the example.

Dear Mr/Mrs (your direct manager or supervisor’s name),

 I hope this email finds you well. Please accept this email as a formal notification that I will be resigning from my position as (your position) with (your company’s name), effectively starting on (your last day, normally 30 days after you submit your resignation).”

If you’re not comfortable writing about the reason why you resign, it is fine to just discuss it face to face with your employer. #BusEng

2. Say thank you.

If there’s a conflict that leads to your resignation, saying thank you might sound like a cliché. But, over the years or months you worked in the company, there were opportunities, friendship with your colleagues, and challenges that developed you whether as a person or as a professional. Furthermore, leaving a positive impression to your employer and your colleagues can always come in handy, especially if you decided to move to another company in a similar field.

So, no matter how excited you are to move on to a new challenge, saying thank you is always important. #BusEng

I would like to thank you for the opportunities during the past (length of time you have worked in the position) as a (your position). I have specifically enjoyed my responsibility to (mention your favourite parts of the job). I am truly grateful of the friendship I have gained in this company, as well as many lessons I have learned, such as (mention thing(s) that you learned while working in the company), which I believe will help me with my career in the future.”

3. Assist the transition.

There’s going to be a transition or task delegation to your replacement or your coworkers. Express your willingness to assist with the transition. Write also a few lines to wish the company a good luck. #BusEng

“I will do my best to train (your replacement) and to wrap up my duties during my last (30 days or so). Please let me know if there is anything else I can assist with during the transition.

I wish (your company) a continued success and I hope to stay in touch.

Yours sincerely,

 

(Your name)”

 

You might want to adjust the letter to suit your experience and the custom in your company. After that, you are ready to face your direct supervisor or manager. Or, you can also submit the letter via email, depending on the custom and rules in your company. #BusEng

Leaving a company with a good impression and less drama might not mean a great deal for the time being. But, there might come a day when you meet your former employer or coworkers. And it’s always nicer to meet as old friends. After all, we live in a small world. Who knows that someday you will go back working with your old company? :)) #BusEng

All right, I think that’s what I can share today, fellas! Hopefully it can be useful for you. If you have any questions, just tweet us.

You can also visit our site, http://www.englishtips4u.com for more interesting topics for English learners. Have a good rest, fellas! Good night!

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 7 December, 2015.

#EngTips: How to Resign

Good evening, fellas! How’d your Monday go?

At some points in our life, be it after university or even after high school, there is this step called having a job.

When starting in a new job, we may feel excited and enthusiastic. But, over times, things change. What used to be motivating us to get up every morning became a boring routine. We’ll see that there is no new challenge or improvement. And so, we make up our mind and decide to resign. Have you ever resigned from a company before, fellas?

If you’re thinking of resigning from your current job, today’s session of #EngTips will provide you with some suggestions.

  1. Test the market. Before you resign, it’s necessary to see what the market expects from somebody in your position. If your possibly next job requires at least 2 year experience, while you have only a year and a half, you might need to slow down and postpone the plan. #EngTips
  2. Let your direct supervisor or manager be the first to know. It’s understandable that you might need to talk to somebody to seek advice. However, make sure that it’s somebody you can trust. If your supervisor or manager finds out from somebody else, he/she might feel you didn’t trust them. It can also make it seems like you didn’t have the courage to speak directly to your supervisor or manager. #EngTips
  3. Submit your resignation with a formal letter, at least 30 days prior to your last day. It is recommended that the letter is in printed form, although you can also submit it via email, depending on the common practice in your office. Avoid writing about the problems or conflicts that lead to your resignation (if any). Focus instead on the positive values you have gained from working in the company, possibly the friendship, the opportunities, or your personal achievement. The minimum 30 day requirement can vary from one company to another. Some places might require more days, depending on your initial agreement (contract) with the company. #EngTips
  1. When you decide to break the news, start first with your team, or coworkers whose work is directly related to yours. It’s possible that you need to delegate the job to one of your colleagues. In that case, inform him or her on everything you know about the job, including the hardest or trickiest part. #EngTips
  2. Act normal and do your best. Leaving the company soon does not mean you can neglect your assignments and responsibilities. #EngTips
  3. What to do if your employer wants to hold you back, with promises of raise or promotion? Well, let’s go back to the very reason of your resignation. If a new challenge in a form of promotion or different position is something you would prefer over having to adapt to a new working environment, then you should stay. #EngTips
  4. On your last day, it’s recommended to say bye to all staffs and possibly ask for their contact details if you haven’t had it yet, be it emails or mobile number. Good networking can always give you a hand, especially if you decide to move to another company in the same business field. #EngTips

That’s it for today’s #EngTips! Hopefully it can be of any help. If you miss it, be sure to check the recap later in our website, www.englishtips4u.com.

I have to say goodbye for now! Thank you for your attention. Have a great week, fellas!

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 30 November, 2015.

#EngVocab: Skin Problems

Good evening, fellas! How are you today?

I think it’s good when it started raining in the western part of Indonesia. We in middle or east aren’t so lucky yet. It’s scorching here. What makes it worse is when the heat became too much to handle, I will get sweat rash. Are you familiar with ‘sweat rash’?

Sweat rash or prickly heat or miliaria is a skin disease marked by small and itchy rashes, commonly happening in hot and humid condition. In Indonesia, sweat rash goes by the name ‘biang keringat’.

Other than sweat rash, there are several skin problems that we usually have. And that is going to be our topic in #EngVocab today.

The second one after sweat rash is a skin problem that is extremely popular, especially for teenagers. Yep, it’s acne. Adults with overly sensitive skin often have it, too. Acne is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles become clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin. #EngVocab

Acne is usually smaller in size and emerges with some others, creating reddened area of your skin. Here’s a picture of a person with acne. Picture credit to gazettereview(dot)com. #EngVocab

acne.png

Now, you are aware also of ‘pimple’. Simply put, pimple is also a form of acne, as well as blackhead or whitehead. Pimple emerges in a certain point of your skin, is bigger, involves inflammation, and is slightly painful. Pimple is often filled with pus, which will tempt us to pop it. Picture credit to medicalpoint(dot)org. #EngVocab

pimple.png

What about blackheads and whiteheads? They also go with the name comedo (plural: comedones). Comedo is an early stage of acne in which a pore or hair follicle in our skin is clogged by dead skin or oil, without any infection or inflammation yet. #EngVocab

And then there is blister, a small bubble on the skin filled with serum and caused by friction, burning, or other damage. Blister appears as a small pocket of fluid within the upper layer of the skin. Picture credit to Wikipedia. #EngVocab

blister.png

Boils are bumpy, red, pus-filled lumps around a hair follicle that are tender, warm, and very painful. It sometimes looks and feels like bigger, softer version of pimple. Although treatable, severe infection that causes boils may also cause fever, swollen lymph nodes, and fatigue. #EngVocab

And then there is measles, or murbilli, or rubeola, a highly contagious skin disease which is caused by measles virus. This disease is signified by a fever, which is followed by the appearance of red, flat rash across somebody’s skin. We get this disease at least once, usually when we are younger. In Indonesia, it’s known as ‘campak’. #EngVocab

Sometimes, Indonesian confuse ‘campak’ with ‘cacar’. The later in English is known as pox. What distinguishes the two diseases is instead of red rash, a person with pox may have itchy blisters. Again, the blisters will attempt the patient to scratch or pop them, which usually leads to scar. #EngVocab

That’s what I can share today, fellas! Now it’s time for me to clean my face so I don’t have breakout tomorrow morning.

Breakout = an out-of-nowhere appearance of pimples even if the skin appears clean and normal the night before.

Don’t forget to drop your comments or suggestions via Twitter or our website, www.englishtips4u.com. Good night fellas, and have a good rest!

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 23 November, 2015

#EngTalk: Turkish TV series

 

binbir_gece_cover

(Source: Wikipedia)

Are you familiar with these people?

“All I know that they are Turkish.. But sorry I dont like the drama.” – noe ‏@noedluffy

They are from Turkish TV series Binbir Gece or more commonly known in Indonesia as Shehrazat. I heard the series is pretty popular along with other titles such as Elif, Cinta di Musim Cherry, or Abad Kejayaan, and that is going to be our topic for today. Are you one of the audiences that enjoy watching Turkish TV Series? What is your favourite one? Or are you one of the people who do not pay much attention?

“Yeah I love Turkish drama, that was Kiraz Mevsimi (Cinta di Musim Cherry)” – Aning ‏@aningPA

“Because my little brother very like Elif. So I also watched it.” – らい ‏@rainandaindah

“Not my cup of tea.” – Anggie ‏@AwesomeChaser

“I dont like turkish dramas, it’s almost like indonesia sinetron. I like dorama more, many moral values I can find from it.” – catty chi ‏@cattychi

If I may put it, Indonesia has a huge, potential market. Back when I was at young age, I’d watch Mexican series or what commonly known as telenovela. I remember my working mom would ask me to give her a summary of telenovela episodes she missed. Do you watch telenovelas, too?

“THAT’S my cup of tea! Long before telenovela, Chinese/Hongkong drama series were a hit! #90kid remembers~” – Anggie ‏@AwesomeChaser

“When I was kid, I used to watch Amigos, Carita de Angel, Maria Bellene.” – Gita Nurul Azmi ‏@gitanrl

“When I was a little kid, Amigos and Carita de Angel are very popular telenovelas. Aah.. I miss that series :’)” – Aning ‏@aningPA

Time flew, and soon I found myself among those teenagers who were obsessed with Taiwanese (F4) and Korean series. Is there anyone who watched it, too?

“Me! Boys Over Flowers, F4 korea version.” – Nuramaliyah Chasanah ‏@nuramaliyahch

And then, there were Supernatural and Heroes and Gossip Girl which I couldn’t miss.

“Howaaa SPN is my favorite tv series! From season 1 till now season 11, winchester boys are awesome as hell.” – Hanif A. Rahmatika ‏@hanif_tika

“Don’t forget Friends.” – Jæy ‏@zaemazing

“And then I also watched NCIS, Agents of SHIELD, CSI, Grey’s Anatomy.” – Livia ‏@jliv_

Just recently, Indonesian TV channels were flooded by Indian series, e.g, Mahabharata, Hatim, Mahadewa, Jodha Akbar, etc.with so many titles and genres. Foreign TV series manage to find dedicated fans in Indonesia. Now, what do you think of our very own TV series?

“Our tv series are sucks.” – 요가 팔와구나‏@ypalwaguna

“Ours are unoriginal, and Ii cant even describe it. But looking forward to watch Halfworld on HBO Asia, directed by Joko Anwar.” – Jæy ‏@zaemazing

“Not a chance to watch them. Sorry. But they’re… Awful.” – Livia ‏@jliv_

“Sometimes I watch ‘Perempuan di Pinggir Jalan’ and it is worth to watch. Good plot and good actor :3” – Nindya ‏@nindyak

That’s all for today! Thank you for having joined this discussion! If you had only one choice, which one would you prefer? Turkish or Indonesian TV series?

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 16 November, 2015

 

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#EngQAs: Grammar

When it comes to learning English, I think grammar could be named as one of the most delicate topics. Some friends of mine even gave up trying to understand grammar and there are people who usually have many questions about grammar

Other and Another

Question:

“I’m still confused about the differences between other and another. Can you please explain it with simple examples?” – Anggie @AwesomeChaser

Answer:

Meaning

Basically, ‘another’ means one more (of the same things) or an alternative, while ‘other’ means some more or some alternatives.

Use and position

Because ‘another’ refers to one more item of the same things, the word goes before singular countable noun, example:

  • I would like another cup of tea, please.

‘Another’ can also be used as a pronoun, example:

  • If you are not satisfied with the hotel room you booked, you can ask for another.

Meanwhile, because ‘other’ refers to alternatives (more than one item), the word goes before plural countable noun, example:

  • Although I have some other dresses, the strapless one is my favourite.

‘Other’ can be paired with the pronoun ones,’ example:

  • These oranges are rotten. What about the other ones?

‘Others’

Now, what about ‘others’? When should it be used?

While ‘other’ needs to be followed by noun or pronoun, ‘others‘ is already a pronoun, which means it no longer needs noun. For example:

  • Man: Some people are already here. Woman: Good. What about the others?
  • These pants are too short. Do you have others?

 

“Both ‘other’ and ‘another’ refer to something additional or “yang lainnya” in Indonesian. However, as for the usage, other is followed by plural noun while another is followed by singular noun, e.g., ‘I need another cup and I need other cups.” – Nurmala Syahbani ‏@malasyahbani

‘Due to’ and ‘Because (of)’

Question:

“I’m still confused about the differences between ‘due to’ and ‘because’… Can you please explain and give me the example?” – @srfhndr

Answer:

“For a start, instead of ‘because’, the one synonymous with ‘due to‘ is ‘because of‘. ‘due to‘ grew up as an adjective and modifies a noun (or pronoun), while ‘because of‘ grew up as an adverb and  modifies a verb.” – Eng vocabulary ‏@x_sg24  .

‘Because of’ is an adverb, which means it will modify verb. ‘Due to’ is an adjective, modifying noun or pronoun. It will be clearer with examples:

  • Rossi’s defeat in this year’s MotoGP is due to an accident in Sepang.
  • Rossi was defeated in this year’s MotoGP because of an accident in Sepang.
  • A lot of climbers were lost because of the storm.
  • A lot of climbers lost their way due to the storm.

“The first one (because of) has to do with cause whereas the second one indicates reason.” – #ELT&L Lab ‏@The_ELTL_Lab 

‘Whom’ and ‘Whose’

Question:

“Can you explain the difference between ‘whom‘ and ‘whose‘ please?” – Eng vocabulary @x_sg24

Answer:

“Whom is object in a sentence, whose means ‘of someone ‘. Is that correct? – Valeria Biffi ‏@neveivan

“Whose is used to ask for posession while whom is used to ask for object of a sentence.” – britard ‏@fachryspears

Adding to @neveivan and @fachryspears‘ suggestions, ‘whom’ is a pronoun for object, while ‘whose’ is a pronoun for possession. Here are some examples:

  • The man whom I had a fight with last night is my boyfriend.
  • Whom are you coming with?
  • Hey, whose computer is this? May I use it?
  • I don’t care whose son he is. He still needs to mind his manners.
  • “The man WHOM I interviewed last night is an actor. The woman WHOSE the car is red is her aunt.” – iif latifah karsono ‏@iif_93
  • “At whom are you mad??” – sarah @dramasranter

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, November 9, 2015

 

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#EngTalk: Smartphone Etiquette

Has any of you ever wondered of how smartphone has changed our way of living?

“Even when you don’t have a call you hold your phone.” ~ @manalh016 

“Why we enjoy read chat conversation on the phone than books.”~ @pohpho

“Smartphone changes my habit to read a book to read online pages.” ~ @widieandriyani 

“We use phones when we want to make a call or check mail, facebook, twitter, but not for a log time..health is important.” ~ @manalh016 

Rarely do we see people without smartphones these days. Even a 2-year old knows how to use it, at least to play games. Taking pictures, listening to the music, playing games, working, all can be done with one device. Pretty amazing, isn’t it?

Although smartphones have infiltrated almost all aspects of our lives, still, in my opinion, there are times when we should refrain using it. When do you think we should just keep the phone in our pockets?

“When spending our time with our family (parents, spouse and children)” ~ @nagisanoir

Indeed. Or if I may put it: when we are having actual interaction with people in real life.

Talking about interaction with people in real life, I once went to karaoke place with my friends. While we were singing our hearts out, there was a friend of mine who stayed in the corner and played with his phone all the time. He refused to sing or dance and he had us wondering what was so important in his phone. Perhaps you had similar experience?

Using smartphones while watching a concert (to take pictures or record videos) was also frowned upon. However, it becomes more and more common that nowadays, people don’t make much fuss about it.

“When we’re in the class obviously, just stop ignoring your teacher & put back your phone bcs it hurts so much to be ignored.” ~ ‏@thisisrisaf 

There are also times when you’re in a meeting and then a phone rings and the owner picks it up without any sense of guilt. Another bad timing to play with your phone is in a funeral. With the sadness, mourning, and solemnity, we can consider putting away our phones for a while.

At the end, we still need smartphones and we might still depend on it a lot, but it would be wiser not to put it as priority when there are people around us deserving more attention.

“Tks for this topic for today, I always talked to my friends about this problem.”. ~ @duyen0626

Compiled and written by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 2 November, 2015

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#EngVocab: Different kinds of love

Forgive me for asking such a personal question, but did somebody by any chance realise they were in love today?

Victor Hugo (the author of Les Misérables) once said,

To love another person is to see the face of God.

Perhaps he’d like to describe that loving somebody gives you a feeling of beyond happiness. It can make someone feel ecstatic. However, the kind of ‘love’ we are feeling can vary, mostly because it depends on what kind of relationship we have.

In this article, I would like to share some words that can describe various kinds of love. Let’s do it in alphabetical order.

  1. Admiration is a combination of liking and appreciating. This goes to somebody with certain skill or someone you look up to.
  2. Crushing on or having a crush on somebody is secretly liking or loving someone who is more worldly than oneself.
    • Worldly here can be more sophisticated, more experienced, or more talented. For example, liking the guitarist of the school’s band.
  3. Devotion means profound dedication. Therefore, the word is best used to describe someone’s love to God.
    • But, ‘devotion’ can also be used to describe a dedication to a cause or another human being, if somebody is that deeply attached.
  4. Fanatical love means loving to the extreme point where one is unable to receive criticism towards someone or something he loves.
    • This usually occurs on rabid fan of a public figure (musician, actress/actor, etc.) or even devotees of a religion.
  5. Filial love which is a child’s love towards his parents.
  6. Infatuation is perfect to define a condition where somebody having difficulty to eat, sleep, or act in normal way when he is in love.
    • A word describing chemical reaction in your body which makes you feel euphoria, happiness, excitement, nervousness, and other emotion, mixed all at once. If somebody around you is showing the signs, he’s probably ‘infatuated’.
  7. Like which means showing interests towards something or someone.
  8. Obsession means a state in which someone thinks about someone or something constantly.
  9. Passion means a strong feeling of enthusiasm or excitement for something or about doing something, e.g., a certain liking or dedication towards your job.
  10. Platonic loveI means two people having a close relationship without any desire towards one another.
    • “This mostly happens in friendship I guess, Unconditional love is a kind of love given without any limitation, completely and absolutely, and expecting nothing in return. We are lucky to be loved unconditionally.” – Saif+ Anwar 
  11. Unrequited love is a love that is not reciprocated or returned by the other person
    • “‘I know there’s nothing worse/than unrequited love.’ – Love to Love You, The Corrs” – Anggie 

The last point is what we all face at some points in our lives. The kind of love that leaves us feeling lost or severely disappointed.

My wise words of the day, even though unrequited love is painful, don’t spend too much time dwelling on sadness. You can always try again.

Compiled written by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, October 19, 2015

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