All posts by alicesaraswati

Content creator to www.englishtips4u.com

#EngQAs: Grammar

When it comes to learning English, I think grammar could be named as one of the most delicate topics. Some friends of mine even gave up trying to understand grammar and there are people who usually have many questions about grammar

Other and Another

Question:

“I’m still confused about the differences between other and another. Can you please explain it with simple examples?” – Anggie @AwesomeChaser

Answer:

Meaning

Basically, ‘another’ means one more (of the same things) or an alternative, while ‘other’ means some more or some alternatives.

Use and position

Because ‘another’ refers to one more item of the same things, the word goes before singular countable noun, example:

  • I would like another cup of tea, please.

‘Another’ can also be used as a pronoun, example:

  • If you are not satisfied with the hotel room you booked, you can ask for another.

Meanwhile, because ‘other’ refers to alternatives (more than one item), the word goes before plural countable noun, example:

  • Although I have some other dresses, the strapless one is my favourite.

‘Other’ can be paired with the pronoun ones,’ example:

  • These oranges are rotten. What about the other ones?

‘Others’

Now, what about ‘others’? When should it be used?

While ‘other’ needs to be followed by noun or pronoun, ‘others‘ is already a pronoun, which means it no longer needs noun. For example:

  • Man: Some people are already here. Woman: Good. What about the others?
  • These pants are too short. Do you have others?

 

“Both ‘other’ and ‘another’ refer to something additional or “yang lainnya” in Indonesian. However, as for the usage, other is followed by plural noun while another is followed by singular noun, e.g., ‘I need another cup and I need other cups.” – Nurmala Syahbani ‏@malasyahbani

‘Due to’ and ‘Because (of)’

Question:

“I’m still confused about the differences between ‘due to’ and ‘because’… Can you please explain and give me the example?” – @srfhndr

Answer:

“For a start, instead of ‘because’, the one synonymous with ‘due to‘ is ‘because of‘. ‘due to‘ grew up as an adjective and modifies a noun (or pronoun), while ‘because of‘ grew up as an adverb and  modifies a verb.” – Eng vocabulary ‏@x_sg24  .

‘Because of’ is an adverb, which means it will modify verb. ‘Due to’ is an adjective, modifying noun or pronoun. It will be clearer with examples:

  • Rossi’s defeat in this year’s MotoGP is due to an accident in Sepang.
  • Rossi was defeated in this year’s MotoGP because of an accident in Sepang.
  • A lot of climbers were lost because of the storm.
  • A lot of climbers lost their way due to the storm.

“The first one (because of) has to do with cause whereas the second one indicates reason.” – #ELT&L Lab ‏@The_ELTL_Lab 

‘Whom’ and ‘Whose’

Question:

“Can you explain the difference between ‘whom‘ and ‘whose‘ please?” – Eng vocabulary @x_sg24

Answer:

“Whom is object in a sentence, whose means ‘of someone ‘. Is that correct? – Valeria Biffi ‏@neveivan

“Whose is used to ask for posession while whom is used to ask for object of a sentence.” – britard ‏@fachryspears

Adding to @neveivan and @fachryspears‘ suggestions, ‘whom’ is a pronoun for object, while ‘whose’ is a pronoun for possession. Here are some examples:

  • The man whom I had a fight with last night is my boyfriend.
  • Whom are you coming with?
  • Hey, whose computer is this? May I use it?
  • I don’t care whose son he is. He still needs to mind his manners.
  • “The man WHOM I interviewed last night is an actor. The woman WHOSE the car is red is her aunt.” – iif latifah karsono ‏@iif_93
  • “At whom are you mad??” – sarah @dramasranter

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, November 9, 2015

 

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#EngTalk: Smartphone Etiquette

Has any of you ever wondered of how smartphone has changed our way of living?

“Even when you don’t have a call you hold your phone.” ~ @manalh016 

“Why we enjoy read chat conversation on the phone than books.”~ @pohpho

“Smartphone changes my habit to read a book to read online pages.” ~ @widieandriyani 

“We use phones when we want to make a call or check mail, facebook, twitter, but not for a log time..health is important.” ~ @manalh016 

Rarely do we see people without smartphones these days. Even a 2-year old knows how to use it, at least to play games. Taking pictures, listening to the music, playing games, working, all can be done with one device. Pretty amazing, isn’t it?

Although smartphones have infiltrated almost all aspects of our lives, still, in my opinion, there are times when we should refrain using it. When do you think we should just keep the phone in our pockets?

“When spending our time with our family (parents, spouse and children)” ~ @nagisanoir

Indeed. Or if I may put it: when we are having actual interaction with people in real life.

Talking about interaction with people in real life, I once went to karaoke place with my friends. While we were singing our hearts out, there was a friend of mine who stayed in the corner and played with his phone all the time. He refused to sing or dance and he had us wondering what was so important in his phone. Perhaps you had similar experience?

Using smartphones while watching a concert (to take pictures or record videos) was also frowned upon. However, it becomes more and more common that nowadays, people don’t make much fuss about it.

“When we’re in the class obviously, just stop ignoring your teacher & put back your phone bcs it hurts so much to be ignored.” ~ ‏@thisisrisaf 

There are also times when you’re in a meeting and then a phone rings and the owner picks it up without any sense of guilt. Another bad timing to play with your phone is in a funeral. With the sadness, mourning, and solemnity, we can consider putting away our phones for a while.

At the end, we still need smartphones and we might still depend on it a lot, but it would be wiser not to put it as priority when there are people around us deserving more attention.

“Tks for this topic for today, I always talked to my friends about this problem.”. ~ @duyen0626

Compiled and written by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, 2 November, 2015

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#EngVocab: Different kinds of love

Forgive me for asking such a personal question, but did somebody by any chance realise they were in love today?

Victor Hugo (the author of Les Misérables) once said,

To love another person is to see the face of God.

Perhaps he’d like to describe that loving somebody gives you a feeling of beyond happiness. It can make someone feel ecstatic. However, the kind of ‘love’ we are feeling can vary, mostly because it depends on what kind of relationship we have.

In this article, I would like to share some words that can describe various kinds of love. Let’s do it in alphabetical order.

  1. Admiration is a combination of liking and appreciating. This goes to somebody with certain skill or someone you look up to.
  2. Crushing on or having a crush on somebody is secretly liking or loving someone who is more worldly than oneself.
    • Worldly here can be more sophisticated, more experienced, or more talented. For example, liking the guitarist of the school’s band.
  3. Devotion means profound dedication. Therefore, the word is best used to describe someone’s love to God.
    • But, ‘devotion’ can also be used to describe a dedication to a cause or another human being, if somebody is that deeply attached.
  4. Fanatical love means loving to the extreme point where one is unable to receive criticism towards someone or something he loves.
    • This usually occurs on rabid fan of a public figure (musician, actress/actor, etc.) or even devotees of a religion.
  5. Filial love which is a child’s love towards his parents.
  6. Infatuation is perfect to define a condition where somebody having difficulty to eat, sleep, or act in normal way when he is in love.
    • A word describing chemical reaction in your body which makes you feel euphoria, happiness, excitement, nervousness, and other emotion, mixed all at once. If somebody around you is showing the signs, he’s probably ‘infatuated’.
  7. Like which means showing interests towards something or someone.
  8. Obsession means a state in which someone thinks about someone or something constantly.
  9. Passion means a strong feeling of enthusiasm or excitement for something or about doing something, e.g., a certain liking or dedication towards your job.
  10. Platonic loveI means two people having a close relationship without any desire towards one another.
    • “This mostly happens in friendship I guess, Unconditional love is a kind of love given without any limitation, completely and absolutely, and expecting nothing in return. We are lucky to be loved unconditionally.” – Saif+ Anwar 
  11. Unrequited love is a love that is not reciprocated or returned by the other person
    • “‘I know there’s nothing worse/than unrequited love.’ – Love to Love You, The Corrs” – Anggie 

The last point is what we all face at some points in our lives. The kind of love that leaves us feeling lost or severely disappointed.

My wise words of the day, even though unrequited love is painful, don’t spend too much time dwelling on sadness. You can always try again.

Compiled written by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, October 19, 2015

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