All posts by Fitrya Nur Baity

#EngPIC: Emojis Faces meaning

Hello fellas, what is your favorite emoticon? Emoticon or Emojis are changing the way we communicate. But do you really know the Emojis face meaning? We will discuss in today session.

Formely known as smileys and often confused with emoticons, emojis faces are used on SMS and Sosial media apps like Instagram and Whatsapp.

Overall the emojis that we usually use is divided into several sections. Here there are:

https://blog.emojipedia.org/facebook-reveals-most-and-least-used-emojis/

  1. Happy Face Emojis
  • Smiley Faces

Smiling Face With Smiling Eyes and Smiling Face are the most commonly used emojis. They simply denote happiness or positivity.

Infrequently, they may be used following a mild insult or criticism to remove some of the sting.

  • Other Smiley Faces

Smiling Face With Open MouthSmiling Face With Open Mouth And Smiling EyesGrinning Face, and Smiling Face With Open Mouth And Tightly-Closed Eyes are similar to the two simpler smiley faces.

However, they are often used to express greater levels of happiness. A message with one of these emojis will normally be extremely positive. They are rarely used with an insult or criticism.

  • Smiling Face With Open Mouth and Cold Sweat

Smiling Face With Open Mouth And Cold Sweat similarly shows happiness, albeit with relief. Messages using this emoji often express joy at how a potentially negative event worked out.

For example, if you sent a message explaining that you just passed a difficult test or got the all clear from the doctor then you could use this emoji.

  • Face With Tears of Joy

Face With Tears Of Joy is used to show laughter. It’s commonly replaced “LOL” when someone sends a joke.

  • Rolling on the Floor Laughing Face
  • Rolling on the Floor Laughing Face is the latest iteration of “ROFL”

Upside-Down Face

Upside-Down Face implies you’re not being serious or are talking about something that seemingly makes no sense.

Zany Face

Zany Face also shows flippancy. Use this if something is silly but funny.

Smiling Face With Sunglasses

Smiling Face With Sunglasses is used to show coolness. It’s sometimes used tongue-in-cheek or can mean “deal with it”.

Flushed Face

Flushed Face shows embarrassment for an awkward situation or mistake. It is frequently used self-deprecatingly as a response to compliments.

Face Savoring Delicious Food

Face Savoring Delicious Food can be used in anticipation for, during, or after a tasty meal.

Nerd Face

Nerd Face shows intelligence or passion for a particular subject. It’s often used ironically.

Smirking Face With Starry Eyes

Smirking Face With Starry Eyes means you’re excited or starstruck, like when you’re anticipating meeting someone or doing something.

Face With Party Blower And Party Hat

Face With Party Blower And Party Hat is used when celebrating an event. It’s best used when it’s a friend’s birthday.

2. Flirty Face Emojis

Smirking Face

Smirking Face has strong sexual connotations. It normally accompanies sexual innuendos or suggestions.

Winking Face

Winking Face shows that the message was sent with humorous intent. Any message that accompanies a Winking Face should not be taken too seriously.

Similar to Smirking FaceWinking Face often accompanies suggestive messages.

Stuck-Out Tongue Faces

Face With Stuck-Out TongueFace With Stuck-Out Tongue And Winking Eye, and Face With Stuck-Out Tongue And Tightly-Closed Eyes are used interchangeably with Winking Face to show humor.

Relieved Face

Relieved Face is, as the name suggests, meant to indicate relief. However, it is mostly used to show contentment.

It can also, in response to a suggestive emoji, demonstrate aloofness or innocence.

Smiling Face With Halo

Smiling Face With Halo shows innocence. It can be used seriously or humorously. For example, this emoji would be appropriate when messaging your friends on a Friday to explain that you are staying at home for the night.

Devil Faces

Smiling Face With Horns and Imp can be used interchangeably to show naughtiness or mischievousness.

Because one is smiling and the other frowning, they show subtly different things. Smiling Face With Horns more frequently accompanies minor mischief or suggestive messages while Imp implies more malice.

Kissing Faces

Kissing FaceFace Throwing A KissKissing Face With Smiling Eyes, and Kissing Face With Closed Eyes are all used to show romance or affection. Face Throwing A Kiss is typically more romantic due to the small red heart.

The other three can also be used to show innocent whistling.

Smiling Face With Heart-Shaped Eyes

Smiling Face With Heart-Shaped Eyes shows love, adoration, or gratitude. It can be used towards a person, place, or thing.

Hugging Face

Hugging Face means you’re sending the recipient a virtual embrace.

3. Negative Face Emojis

Blank Faces

Neutral Face and Expressionless Face show a deliberate lack of emotion. They may be used to show that someone is unimpressed, indifferent, or awkward.

Unamused Face

Unamused Face expresses dissatisfaction or suspicion. This emoji doesn’t show true anger or sadness, but rather a subtly negative emotion. For example, if you are unhappy or dubious of someone’s excuse for why they are late, you could send this emoji.

Face With Cold Sweat

Face With Cold Sweat shows stress or hard work. It typically refers to a specific situation. Messaging a loved one to explain that you must stay late at the office would warrant this emoji.

Sad Faces

Pensive Face and Disappointed Face are the two main sad face emoji. Both convey a sense of sadness, remorse, regret, disappointment, or any similarly negative emotion.

Pleading Face

Pleading Face shows you’re asking for a favor. It’s the “puppy dog eyes” look, and is rarely used in serious situations.

Disappointed But Relieved Face

Disappointed But Relieved Face is generally used to show fear or hurt.

Crying Face

Crying Face is similar to Pensive Face and Disappointed Face. It shows a stronger sense of hurt than general sadness.

Loudly Crying Face

Loudly Crying Face is a stronger version of Crying Face. It shows hurt, pain, and upset. Unlike the other sad faces, it is often used ironically.

Worried Face

Worried Face shows shock, horror, disgust, and fear.

Grimacing Face

Grimacing Face similarly shows worry, embarrassment, or awkwardness. Use it if you’re apprehensive about a message.

Face With A Raised Eyebrow

Face With A Raised Eyebrow shows skepticism or disapproval—perfect for if you don’t believe someone’s excuse.

Face With Monocle

Face With Monocle also expresses doubt, as if you’re scrutinizing a message.

Lying Face

Lying Face depicts a nose growing, just like Pinocchio. Use sparingly if you think someone isn’t telling the truth.

Face Without Mouth

Face Without Mouth shows you’re speechless. It can be used ironically, but often means you don’t know what to say during an awkward conversation or dare not speak your mind when embarrassed or angry.

Zipper-Mouth Face

Zipper-Mouth Face could mean you can’t convey the right words right now. However, it’s more frequently used to show you can keep a secret.

Face With Exploding Head

Face With Exploding Head shows shock, telling the recipient that you’re blown away. It’s normally used in awe of something.

Face With Symbols Over the Mouth

Face With Symbols Over The Mouth naturally replaces a curse word. Use this to express annoyance or anger.

Tired Faces

Weary Face and Tired Face both show tiredness; however, they are often used to represent world-weariness and stress, as if you’re at the end of your tether.

Sleepy Face

Sleepy Face seldom represents tiredness. Instead, it shows that the sender is sick or unwell.

Sleeping Face

Sleeping Face is used instead of Sleepy Face to show drowsiness. It’s difficult to send a message when actually asleep.

Confused Faces

Confused Face and Confounded Face are used interchangeably to show confusion. Confused Face is also used to show awkwardness or an apology. If someone has to cancel plans, for instance, they could include this emoji.

Face With Look of Triumph

Face With Look Of Triumph is one of the most misused emoji. It’s commonly used to show anger or frustration rather than triumph—often ironically.

Angry Faces

Angry Face and Pouting Face both show anger, with the red Pouting Face the stronger of the two. Unlike Face With Look Of Triumph, they are seldom used humorously.

Persevering Face

Persevering Face shows you’re struggling with a situation, but carrying on through your frustration.

Shocked Faces

Frowning Face With Open Mouth and Anguished Face show shock, horror, and disappointment. They are often used as a lesser version of Pensive Face or Disappointed Face.

Scared Faces

Fearful FaceFace With Open Mouth And Cold Sweat, and Face Screaming In Fear all show varying levels of fear, ranging from slightly scared with Face With Open Mouth And Cold Sweat to outright terror with Face Screaming In Fear. They can all be used ironically.

4. Other Face Emojis

The Monkeys

See-No-Evil MonkeyHear-No-Evil Monkey, and Speak-No-Evil Monkey are used to show shock and embarrassment, mostly in a cheeky manner. Which specific monkey is used depends on the contents of the message.

Pile Of Poo

Pile Of Poo is almost always used humorously. It can replace a swear word or criticize a person or message.

5. Hand Symbol Emojis

Thumbs Up Sign

Thumbs Up Sign shows acceptance or agreement.

Thumbs Down Sign

Thumbs Down Sign shows rejection, dislike, or disagreement.

OK Hand Sign

OK Hand Sign shows acceptance, satisfaction, or that everything is OK. It can also be used to show that something is tiny or small.

Victory Hand

Victory Hand is more often used to represent the similar peace symbol. It shows coolness, relaxation, or satisfaction.

Person Raising Both Hands In Celebration

Person Raising Both Hands In Celebration, more commonly referred to as Praise Hands, is used to show support or appreciation.

Open Hands

Open Hands conveys openness and friendliness. It can also mean you’re sending a hug, similar to Hugging Face.

Person With Folded Hands

Person With Folded Hands, while not meant to be explicitly religious, is used to say thank you, or to show prayer or pleading. You could use it when asking for a favor.

Call Me Hand

Call Me Hand, despite its name, can have numerous meanings depending on context. It’s similar to a traditional telephone handset, so can indicate you want to talk to someone over the phone. Pilots also use it to wish each other good luck. And in Hawaiian culture, it’s known as the “Shaka” sign, meaning “hang loose”—an affectionate gesture indicating solidarity.

6. Heart Emojis

Red Heart

Red Heart is the classic love heart emoticon, expressing fondness, friendship, or romance.

Colored Hearts

Purple HeartYellow HeartGreen Heart, and Blue Heart are all similar to Red Heart; however, the target of their affection is normally related to the color of the heart. For example, Blue Heart is often used with sports teams who wear blue jerseys. Similarly, the Yellow Heart is associated with the sun and summer.

Broken Heart

Broken Heart is the ultimate expression of sadness. It can also be used ironically.

Emojis are forever evolving as a tool for communication and their meanings are still fluid. So, you should think carefully before using emojis in certain circumstances.

Source: https://www.makeuseof.com/tag/11-hilarious-instagram-accounts-you-need-to-follow-right-now/

Written and compiled by @2013happyy for @englishtipsforyou  on Wednesday, 11 September 2019

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#EngTrivia : How to Use “Today”, “Present day” and “Nowadays”

Hello fellas, how are you today?

Today’s session  #EngTrivia we will discuss how to use  “Today”, “Present day” and “Nowadays” in the sentences, also know what are the difference between Today, Present day and Nowadays.

1. Today is a noun and usually refers to the current calendar day, or this day.

E.g: “Today is Wednesday”

    “ It will be cloudy all day today”

     “Today is September 28th.”

2. Present day is also a noun and usually refers to the current era or period of time, a time that exists and sometimes a period of years or decades or even centuries.

E.g: “ The music of the present day is very different from the music of the Baroque period.”

Sometimes, present day also used as an adjective.

E.g : “ If you look back at what computers used to look like, present-day models are very sophisticated

Fellas, do you have any others example?

Nowadays in an adverb that mean “at the present time” and it can be used to mean the period of current, decades and centuries.  

E.g: “Kids nowadays have much more freedom than they did in my day”.

3. Nowadays you can find just about anything you want to know on the Internet.”

Fellas, Sometimes today is used as an adverb to mean the same thing as nowadays.

E.g: “ Schools today/ nowadays are struggling to get funding for the arts.”

That’s all for today fellas, See you tomorrow!

Compiled and written by @2013happyy for @Englishtipsforyou on Wednesday, August28, 2019

#EngQuiz : Words in the News

Fellas, do you like to read the news? We can get many information from the news. The sources we can read the news from vary. We can read the news on the newspaper, magazine, or online news portals. Reading the news in English can also improve our vocabulary.

On today’s session, we will start with this paragraph:

It’s the temple that brought Londonderry together. On Saturday they burnt it down.

Catholics and Protestants have a long history of conflict in this Northern Irish city.

But volunteers from both communities came together to build the structure. Thousands left personal messages of peace inside.

Organisers say the fire symbolises letting go of the past.

From the paragraph, we can find some vocabularies like:

  • Temple = a building used to pray
  • To burn something down = to destroy it with fire
  • Conflict = a serious disagreement or argument between two people or more
  • Volunteers = people who offer to work without being paid
  • Symbolise = to represent an idea

Fellas, let’s start the quiz! Fill in the blank with vocabularies that we found from the news that I shared previously. Use hashtag #EngQuiz to share your answer.


1. Since the last train left in 1998, the once regal station has come to (…..) Detroit.

2. Whatever the issue was, the (….) between Rachel and Soga remained.

3. The camp ground was manned on a (….) basis.

4. She was worried that the house might (….) while they were away.

5. This year, the date on which Gandhi was murdered was marked by attempts by right-wing Hindus to build a (….) to honour the Gods.

The answer are:

  1. Symbolise
  2. Conflict
  3. Volunteer
  4. Burn down
  5. Temple

Source from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningenglish/features/witn/ep-150325

Thats all for today fellas, see you tomorrow!!

Compiled and written by @2013happyy for @englishtipsforyou on Wednesday, July 17, 2019

#IOTW: Idioms with the word ‘hit’

Hello fellas, how are you today? First of all, I want to wish you a happy Eid al-Fitr for you who celebrate it.

In today’s session we will be going to discuss some idioms formed with the word hit. Fellas, can you mention what is the meaning of ‘hit?’

The verb ‘to hit’ means ‘memukul’ in Indonesian language. When put in an idiom, ‘hit’ can change meanings. So fellas, here are idioms with ‘hit’:

1. Hit me
It means ‘say it now’ or ‘tell me’ or ‘give it to me right now.’ It could also mean that something is ‘clear to me’ or ‘I understand.’
E.g.: “And then it hit me. The weather feels so much warmer because of the humidity.”

2. Hit my funny bone
It means ‘something causes me to laugh.’
E.g.: “The word ‘pollywog’ always hits my funny bone.”

3. Hit the nail on the head
It means to ‘say the right word’ or ‘suggest a good idea.’
E.g.: “Your comment hit the nail on the head. You spoke the truth.”

4. Hit speeds of
It means to ‘travel at speeds of.’
E.g.: “The stolen car was hitting speeds of 120 kilometres per hour in the city.”

5. Hit the books
It means to ‘begin studying.’
E.g.: “Exams begin next week. It’s time to hit the books.”

6. Hit the rock bottom
It means to face a very unfortunate situation and and to feel very depressed about it.
E.g.: “After his farm was seized, he hit rock bottom and lost all hope.”

Fellas, now try to answer what exactly is the meaning of the idiom ‘hit and run?’

Thank you for your joining me today, fellas. You can use idioms with the word ‘hit’ to improve your English conversation skill. See you tomorrow.

Compiled and written by @2013happyy for @englishtipsforyou on Wednesday, June 5, 2019.

#EngTips: Volunteering

Hello fellas, how are you today? In this session, we are going to discuss volunteering.  Fellas, have you ever been a volunteer? Or have you ever joined a volunteering project?

A volunteer is a person who offers to take part in an enterprise or to undertake a task. This person often does the task without being paid.

Volunteering offers vital help to people in need, worthwhile causes, and the community.

By joining as a volunteer, we ourselves also get the benefits, because volunteering and helping others can help reduce stress, combat depression, keep us mentally stimulated, and provide a sense of purpose.

Nowadays, people choose to volunteer for variety of reasons. Some people do voluntary job because they want to give something back to the community or make a difference to the people around them.

Some people do voluntary job because it can be a route to an employment, it is an opportunity to try something new, and it could lead to a career change.

So, how to become a volunteer? Here are the tips for you:

  • Educate yourself

Before you decide which organisation to join for a voluntary activity, you should have a firm grasp of the organisation’s mission and goals so you will be able to better serve the community and become more professional.

  • Attitude is everything

The more positive your attitude is and the more you think about the voluntary activity with an open mind, the more you will get from the experience. Sometimes voluntary work isn’t exactly what you want to be doing, but always look on the bright side.

  • Accept differences

When you decide to be a volunteer, you should realise that you will be working with a diverse group of people, which means exposing yourself to a variety of social classes, ages, and races. Volunteering can shatter barriers between people who never interact. Accept the differences and you won’t regret it.

  • Make connections

The last tip is about how you can build relationships with both sides, in this case the people in the non-profit organisation and the people you serve. Treat them well and make sure to leave everyone you meet with good impression.

Source: https://nonprofithub.org/volunteer-management/4-easy-ways-to-become-a-better-volunteer/

Compiled and written by @2013happyy for @englishtipsforyou on Wednesday, May 22, 2019

#EngTalk : Job Interview (2)

Fellas, are you a fresh graduate from a college or a university or do you want to take a professional work as early as after finishing high school? You must have been aware of job interviews.

Job Interview with Interviewers
https://www.wallstreetmojo.com/top-best-job-interviewing-books/

Job interviews are amongst the first steps that must be taken before you start corporate life. Multinational companies specifically conduct the interviews in English. Could you share some stories of your first job interviews? Mention us.

@arditaher

“My first job interview was fun! Other candidates graduated from Perth and Californian campus, but the company picked me from Kalibata campus”.

@prabhuconnects

I went for job interview for bpo job. Interviewer asked me to speak 5 minutes English. I spoke 30 seconds in proper English. It was Amazing experinced until I missed my bus“.

You must also have been aware that nowadays job interviews are not done face to face only. Companies can conduct the interviews through video calls or Skype.

But if you must meet the company’s HRD person or the user, dressing politely and making a good first impression will make you go a long way.

If you are applying for a job in creative industry, never forget to prepare your portfolio and creative experiences. They could help convincing the company to hire you.

A job in creative industry might vary from being a copywriter, a web content writer, a photographer, an illustrator, to a graphic designer.

As for formal sector, prepare your most updated CV that mentions your relevant past experiences. Formal sector jobs refer to an administrative staff, a financial staff, a customer service, a teller, a manager, and so on.

After the interview is over, make sure you have given the company your contactable phone number and email address.

That’s all for today, fellas. Good luck for your next job interview!

Compiled and Written by: @2013happyy for @englishtipsforyou on Wednesday, April 24, 2019

#Engvocab: Election

Hello fellas, how are you today? Fellas, on April 17, 2019, we in Indonesia hold a general election to determine the future members of House of Representative and the future president and vice president. Therefore, today, we are going to discuss vocabularies related to election.

An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office. There are several vocabularies that we often hear or read in regards to election terms. Here they are:

1. Campaign
Means the things a candidate does to get elected (shaking hands, giving oration, etc.).
E.g.: “He took a campaign tour of West Java last week.”

2. Debate
Means to argue for or against something.
E.g.: “The topic of tonight’s presidential debate is national defense and security.”

3. Candidate
Means the person who is running in an election.
E.g.: “The Indonesia presidential election in 2019 has two pair of candidates.”

4. Politics
Means the activities associated with the governance of a country or other area.
E.g.: “I told her I was going into politics.”

5. Voter
Means the individual who is voting in an election.
E.g.: “Now the voters will decide.”

6. Ballot paper
Means a piece of paper or a small ball used in a secret voting.
E.g.: “Each person will get a ballot which should be kept confidential.”

7. Supporter
Means the individual who supports a candidate during an election.
E.g.: “All supporters in this campaign are so excited to meet the candidate.”

8. Political party
Means a group of people with similar political goals and opinions whose main purpose is to get candidates elected to public office.
E.g.: “Most of political parties in this election are optimistic about their candidates being elected.”

9. Democracy
Means a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.

E.g.: “Indonesia is one of the countries that adapts democracy as its system of government.”

10. Government
Means the governing body of a nation, state, or community.
E.g.: “The first MRT in our city was planned by the previous government.”

Thank you and see you tomorrow!

Compiled and written by @2013happyy for @englishtipsforyou on Wednesday, April 10, 2019

#ENGVOCAB: VOCABULARIES RELATED TO INTERNET AND SOCIAL MEDIA

Hello fellas, how are you? how often do you surf the internet and social media? I am sure that most of you like spending time to check social media and surfing the internet. Today, we are discussing some words and phrases related to internet and social media. Here they are.


http://lime20.com/internet.php

1. To unplug
It means to disconnect and to relax by disengaging ourselves from activities that use internet connection.

E.g.: “Sometimes you need to learn to unplug and just enjoy the peace and quiet at home.”

2. Hot-spot
It refers to a place in public area where there is a computer system with an access point or an internet connection.

E.g.: “The airport was bright and spacious, with large shopping area and Wi-Fi hot-spot lounge.”

3. To multitask
To multitask means to do many things at the same time. 

E.g.: “An interpreter needs a quick, agile mind to multitask, because she or he needs to simultaneously listen to a concept or idea in one language, understand and process it, and translate it to another language.”

4. Down-time
It refers to the time when a computer is not working properly and cannot be used. This could also mean the time somebody needs to relax and recuperate after a hard work.

E.g.: “Once we are done with all the renovation, I am ready for some major down-time.”

5. Pulled to the internet
It means working hard using the internet or being dependent to the internet.

E.g.: “I wish I could do that but I am so pulled to the internet. I manage my own business and I can hardly spend a day without sending emails or checking my website.”

6. To pull the plug
When you pull the plug of something, it means that it no longer has a power source and will switch off.

E.g.: “I am considering just pulling the plug on the whole thing. I have been so busy with my work and I have not had time to be creative or even relax.”

7. Be on the same wavelength
It refers to the same things that have the same origins but can also be used for casual acquaintances. It has the same meaning as being in tune with somebody.

E.g.: “What makes the problem worse is that Howard and Tina are not on the same wavelength about how to deal with it.”

8. No filter
It is usually used to refer to a picture, which is of original quality and has not been edited or modified. The term is also used to refer to an uncensored conversation, usually between friends.

E.g.: “Miranda is my best friend. Sometimes when we are chatting, we can talk with no filter and we laugh at each other.”

9. On fleek
Something is on fleek if it looks perfect and on point.

E.g.: “Did you see what Jason was wearing today? His look is on fleek!”

10. To win the internet
The phrase is usually used as a reaction given by someone who either really likes or really dislikes your post.

E.g.: “This picture wins the internet today. Everything else is dummy.”

That’s all for today, fellas. Hopefully today’s session is useful for you. See you tomorrow!

Compiled and written by @2013happyy for @englishtipsforyou on Wednesday, March 27, 2019

#EngTips: HOW TO KEEP A CONVERSATION GOING

Hello fellas, I’m happy to meet you again today. How are you today?

Fellas, as non-native speakers, have you ever felt stuck and confused in the middle of a conversation? Especially since the conversation is done in English.

Sometimes, when we meet with international friends, we must keep a conversation going to give them sufficient details about us. However, when we feel confused because we don’t know what to say, the conversation will stop.

Example:
“Did you have a good weekend?”
“Yes, I did. You?”
“Yeah, it was good.”

The conversation will stop because there is no natural way to continue it. A brief conversation with strangers are fine from time to time, but if it is someone we know, a longer chat will be expected.

Here is how to keep a conversation going:

1. Ask questions and start with 5W + 1H (What, Who, Where, When, Why, How). Avoid yes or no questions.


2. Answer the questions with elaborated details that will help you continue the conversations.

3. Try interesting topics such as family, hobbies, sports, movie, TV shows, culture, music, recent events, travelling, or interesting places in the city where you live. Avoid such topics as religion, politics, sex life, personal finance, or health issues.

Check this long conversation as an example:
James: “Hey, Rachel, how was your weekend?”
Rachel: “Pretty good! I went to a baseball game with my brother.”
James: “Really? What teams were playing?”

Rachel: “The Red Sox and The Yankees. We are huge Yankees fans!”
James: “Yeah? How was the game?”
Rachel: “Very exciting. It was tied until the last minutes, and then we won 2-1.”

You can see from the example that both persons tried to keep the conversation going. James asked questions and Rachel answered enthusiastically.

To have a good conversation in English with your international friends, a regular practice is necessary. That is all for today, fellas! If you have questions about this or previous sessions, don’t hesitate to mention us.

Hopefully today’s topic could help you brush up your English conversation skill. See you tomorrow!

Compiled and written by @2013happyy for @englishtipsforyou on Wednesday, March 13,2019

#EngTalk: Horoscope

Hello fellas, how was your day? We meet again in Wednesday session with @Englishtips4u and today we will discuss astrology or also known as horoscope. Do you believe in horoscope? Most of the time, someone checks his or her horoscope out of pure fun. When we open a magazine or a newspaper and we see the horoscope monthly update, we can sometimes read or overlook it.

For those who read it, they do it to search any signs about fortune or lucky happenings in life, for fun. As we are all aware, there are 12 known zodiac signs that are compatible with our birthdays. Can you mention all 12 of them? Yes, they are Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces, Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, and Sagittarius.

https://pixabay.com/en/zodiac-astrology-horoscope-2904106/

Strangely enough, millennials tend to show more interest in astrology, more than other generations do, according to this article : https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/horoscopes-millennials-why-do-so-many-believe-zodiac-star-signs-a7531806.html

Do you think the article makes sense? Or does anything happen to us is purely coincidental, regardless of our star sign? Share your thoughts and tweet us. Have you read this article? I find some opinion about millennials and the zodiac sign.

What we must avoid, however, is judging someone based on their zodiac sign. Someone who was born under the sign Libra could say, “It’s not my fault that I’m bad on decision making. I’m a Libra.

The article also mentioned a girl with Leo horoscope, who felt that she didn’t quite relate to her zodiac sign. She said that she would not define herself as someone who liked to be on the spotlight, although she did feel that she was a sociable and a creative type.

Continuing with the businesswoman on the article who was a Libra. She identified strongly with her zodiac sign and believed that she was a ‘typical Libran. The last one was a young girl from London, an Aries, who believed that she found herself always attracted to Aquarius guys, based on the horoscope.

However, as what we mentioned previously, we should avoid prejudice based on zodiac sign. Someone’s characteristics and personality are unique, which means we cannot really be sure that someone is behaving or doing a certain action because of his or her sign.

Similarly, we should not be discouraged either if our zodiac update says that there is something unfortunate to happen to us. It is good to stay optimistic, keep an open mind, and be careful at the same time.

That’s all for today, fellas! Thank you so much for joining today’s session. See you tomorrow!

Compiled and written by @2013happyy for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, February 13, 2019.

Exclamatory Sentence

Hello, fellas, how are you doing?

Fellas, do you know what is this?

Burj Khalifa

That is Burj Khalifa in Dubai, UAE, “How amazing it is!

Did you notice the form that I used to compliment Burj Khalifa? Yes, I said, “How amazing it is!“. On that sentence, I used what we call exclamatory sentence, which is going to be our topic for today.

An exclamatory sentence is a sentence that expresses about wonder or a feeling caused by something beautiful or stunning. Usually, the characteristic of an exclamatory sentence is it ends with an exclamation mark (!).

Check these sentences:
How small their house was!” (Betapa kecil rumah mereka!)

How oddly Justin behaved!” (Betapa aneh kelakuan Justin!)

What a surprising conclusion it was!” (Sungguh sebuah kesimpulan yang mengejutkan!)

To make an exclamatory sentence, we can use the following formula.

  • Formula 1:
    How + adjective + subject + auxiliary verb
    E.g.:

    How cheap these shoes are!
  • Formula 2:
    How + adverb + subject + verb
    E.g.:
    How oddly Justin behaved!
  • Formula 3:

  How + adjective + noun + subject + verb

E.g.:

What expensive bags you have!”

Fellas, sometimes, we can remove some word on an exclamatory sentence to make the sentence even better.

E.g.: “What a charming girl!” instead of “What a charming girl she is!” “What beautiful hair!” instead of “What beautiful hair you have!

An exclamatory sentence can also be written as a declarative sentence (which we will discuss next time).

E.g.: “There is the plane now!” (Itu pesawatnya sudah mendarat!)

There is your bus coming!” (Itu dia busnya tiba!)

Fellas, that is all for today, thank you so much for your patience and see you tomorrow!

Compiled and written by @2013happyyy for @englishtipsforyou on Wednesday, January 30, 2019

#EngClass: Derivatives

Hello fellas, how was your day?

In this session we will discuss derivative which is a part of grammar in English language. There are several grammatical rules to apply when using English. Today, we will continue with ‘Derivatives.’

Derivatives are word that are derived from other words, which we call root words. Usually, derivatives are formed by adding an affix to the root words.
Let’s see the paragraph below:

At their first session, the lawyer asked Ed, “What things about this woman that attracted you?”
Ed replied, “Her forthrightness, straightforwardness, and frankness
.”

Fellas, did you find any derivatives from that paragraph?
From that paragraph, the words ‘forthrightness,’ ‘straightforwardness,’ and ‘frankness’ are derivatives. Derivatives can also be nouns that we could change into adjectives or adverbs if we add suffix at the end of the words. However, there are some derivatives that still retain their meaning.

1. To form noun derivatives, we add suffixes like -ness, -ty, -hood, -ian, -cy, -er, -or, -sion, -ment, -tion, -ant, -ce, etc.
E.g.: 
Happy – Happiness 
Child – Childhood

Dense – Density
Pregnant – Pregnancy
Good – Goodness

Comedy – Comedian
Assist – Assistance
Friend – Friendship 

2. To form adjective derivatives, we add suffixes like: -full, -less, -ish, -al, – cy, – ary, -able, -ous, -y, etc.
E.g.:
Blue – blueish
Boy – boyish
Help – helpless
Sun – sunny
Danger – dangerous

3. To form verb derivatives, we can add affixes like dis-, re-, -ize, a-, -fy. 
E.g.:
Like – dislike
Agree – disagree 
Check – recheck
Memory – memorize
Summary – summarize

4. Derivatives can also form ‘negative words’ or words that have the negative meaning of the root words. To form these derivatives, we add prefixes un-, in-, im-, etc.

E.g.:
complete – incomplete
happy – unhappy
direct – indirect
mortal – immortal

Sumber: Yulianto, Dian. (2018). Asyiknya Belajar Grammar Dari Kisah-Kisah Jenaka. Yogyakarta: DIVA press.

Compiled and written by @2013happyy for @englishtipsforyou on Wednesday, January 23, 2019

#EngClass: The Imperative (2)

Hi fellas, Today we will discuss the imperative and how to use it on sentences.

Fellas, Imperative is a type of sentence that gives instructions or expresses a command. Sometimes, an imperative sentence also expresses a direction, a request, an order or a suggestion. Imperative sentences usually end with an exclamation mark or a period. Check this paragraph and find imperative sentences on this paragraph:

In a second-grade elementary class, an English teacher asked her students to count in English. “Lisa, can you count up to five in English for me?” Lisa said “Yes, Miss. One, two, three, four, five.” The teacher said “Very good. Now Melisa, please continue.

When the teacher asked Melisa to continue counting, she said “Please continue”. It is the imperative.

  1. Imperative sentences can also express prohibition or warning. They can end with either an exclamation mark and period. E.g.:
  • Do not use the lift in the event of fire“.
  • Don’t go there!”
  • Don’t tell anyone that I was here“.
  • Don’t be late!

2. Imperative sentences can also express an instruction. E.g.:

  • Enjoy your meal“.
  • Do start“.
  • Stop talking and open your books“.
  • Ask him, will you? “Write to me, will you?

3. We can write imperative sentence without a subject.

E.g : “Open your mouth and say “Aaah”.

4. We can also write imperative sentence to remind one or more people. E.g :

  • Come on, boys, you’re late”.
  • Come on, Lisa, I’m waiting”.

5. We can also write imperative sentences to make suggestions. Usually, we use “Let’s” in the beginning of sentence. Remember that “let’s” is a contraction of “let us”, which means the pronoun is already plural. E.g :

  • Let’s visit India next month”.
  • Please, let’s just go to cinema tonight, shall we?”.

6. We can also use imperative sentences to give instructions.

E.g : “First, prepare some hot water. Pour the white coffee into a cup. Add some milk and stir the coffee”.

Compiled and written by @2013happyy for @englishtipsforyou on Wednesday, January 16, 2018