Reciprocal (adj.): given or done in return; [grammar] expressing mutual action.
What is reciprocal pronoun in English grammar? A reciprocal pronoun is a pronoun which is used to indicate that two or more people are carrying out or have carried out an action of some type, with both receiving the benefits or consequences of that action simultaneously. Any time something is done or given in return, reciprocal pronouns are used.
We use reciprocal pronouns when each of two or more subjects is acting in the same way towards the other.
A is talking to B, and B is talking to A. So we say:
A and B are talking to each other.
The action is “reciprocated”.
*John talks to Mary and Mary talks to John.
* I give you a present and you give me a present.
*The dog bites the cat and the cat bites the dog.
There are only two reciprocal pronouns, and they are both two words:
* Each other
* One another
We use these reciprocal pronouns for the following contents:
There must be two or more people, things or groups involved (so we cannot use reciprocal pronouns with I, you [singular], he/she/it). They must be doing the same thing.
Examples are specified as follows:
*John and Mary love each other.
* Peter and David hate each other.
* Both teams played hard against each other.
* We gave each other gifts.
* Why don’t you believe each other?
* They can’t see each other.
* The gangsters were fighting one another.
* The boats were bumping against each other in the storm.
Simaibang, Baginda. 2018. English Grammar for Foreign Learners. Palembang : Citra Books Indonesia.