Hi, Fellas. How is it going? Today’s discussion is about one important element of writing, which is paraphrasing. According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, “paraphrase” means “to say (something that someone else has said or written) using different words.” It is essential that we understand paraphrasing to avoid plagiarism and prepare for IELTS test.
There are several methods of paraphrasing, they are:
This is probably the most commonly used method. Words can be replaced by their synonyms with no change in meaning. Remember, you do not need to change all words in a sentence.
- “Parents should teach their children to cooperate.”
- “Parents should educate their kids to collaborate.”
Changing active voice into passive voice, or vice versa
This method cannot be used for all kinds of sentences because only transitive sentences (sentences containing objects) can be changed into passive voice.
- “Deforestation causes global warming.” (active voice)
- “Global warming is caused by deforestation.” (passive voice)
According to Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, nominalization is “the process of making a noun from a verb or adjective”.
- “The price of oil rises.” [rise (verb)]
- “There is a rise in the price of oil.” [rise (noun)]
This is a method of paraphrasing related to numbers.
- “From 1990 to 2000, the population of Indonesia increased significantly.”
- “In ten years, the population of Indonesia increased significantly.”
- “In a decade, the population of Indonesia increased significantly.”
In order to paraphrase by using this approach, it is better if you add information, which is general.
- “Many Indonesian scholars study in London, Paris, and Berlin.”
- “Many Indonesian scholars study in European cities.:
Joining Sentences Using Conjunction
Conjunction is a part of speech connecting words, phrases, clauses, or sentences, for instance, “and,” “but,” “because,” “although,” etc.
- “Students learn English. They want to pursue their education abroad.”
- “Students learn English because they want to pursue their education abroad.”
Compiled and written by @fathrahman for @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, May 24, 2018.
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