Today we will learn about some words that are used to describe medical conditions.
Medical conditions usually have some symptoms and signs.
Some words related to medical conditions:
- Acute: an illness that is short in duration, rapidly progressive, and in need of urgent care.
E.g. “He’s suffering from an acute infection of the lower respiratory tract.”
- Advance: the disease is already ahead in development because it has already had some time to spread.
E.g. “You may have an advanced cancer.”
- Asymptomatic: the disease show no physical signs of a medical problem.
E.g. “It is commonly asymptomatic in anaemic patients.”
- Autoimmune: antibodies attack normal cells or substances that naturally present in the body.
E.g. “The patient had been diagnosed with unclassified autoimmune disease.”
- Chronic: an illness that is characterized by long duration or frequent recurrence.
E.g. “He was suffering from chronic bronchitis.”
- Congenital: a disease or physical abnormality present at birth.
E.g. “He has a congenital heart defect.”
- Contagious: a disease that can spread from one person to another by direct or indirect contact.
E.g. “The infection is highly contagious, so don’t let anyone else use your towel.”
- Degenerative: a disease that gradually gets worse, resulting in loss of function in the organs or tissues.
E.g. “Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease due to the wear and tear of joint cartilage.”
- Epidemic: a widespread occurence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time.
E.g. “Doctors are struggling to contain the epidemic.”
- Generalized: an infection that has entered the bloodstream, affecting most of the body.
E.g. “She experienced an increase in generalized aches and pains.”