Today we will learn about complex sentences.
A complex sentence is made from an independent clause and dependent clause or clauses.
An independent clause can stand on its own and be a sentence, while dependent clause can not.
Dependent clauses include adverb clauses, adjective clauses and noun clauses.
1. Adverb clause: a dependent clause that functions as an adverb.
Subordinating conjunctions that link the clauses: when, as, if, since, so, after, although, etc.
a. She likes the book.
The story is uncomplicated.
“She likes the book because the story is uncomplicated.”
b. I finish eating dinner.
I watch korean drama.
“After I finish eating dinner, I watch korean drama.”
2. Adjective clause: a dependent clause that acts as adjective.
Relative pronouns that link the clauses: who, which, that, etc.
a. The man arrived in the morning.
He is a teacher.
“The man who arrived in the morning is a teacher.”
b. The girl is my classmate.
The girl wears pink jacket.
” The girl whose jacket is pink is my classmate.”
3. Noun clause: a dependent clause that acts as noun.
The sentences usually link by: wh question, -ever.
a. I don’t know.
He does such things.
“I don’t know why he does such things.”
b. Have you seen the man?
The man is the new manager.
“Have you seen the man who is the new manager?”