#EngClass: Pronunciation of -ed

​Today we will learn about pronunciation of -ed.

Do you know how to pronounce -ed?

Pronunciation of suffix -ed depends on the last sound of the verb or noun which is usually a consonant.
Suffix -ed can be pronounced in three different ways:

  1. /id/

If the last consonant sound of the word ends in one of these sounds, the suffix -ed is pronounced as /id/.
Examples of words ending in the /id/ sound:

Wanted /t/

Ended /d/
2. /t/

If the last consonant sound of the word is voiceless (no vibration of the vocal cords), the suffix -ed is pronounced as /t/.
Examples of words ending in /t/ sound:

Hoped /p/

Laughed /gh/

Faxed /s/

Liked /k/

Sniffed /f/

Washed /sh/

Watched /ch/

Kissed /ss/

Danced /c/

Fixed /x/

  1. /d/

If the last consonant sound of the word is voiced sound (the vocal cords are vibrated), the suffix -ed is pronounced as /d/.

With voiced sounds, the vocal chords are vibrated, which can be felt in the throat. All vowels are voiced, and some consonants.
Examples of words ending in /d/ sound: 

Begged /g/

Allowed /vowels/

Played /vowels/

Claimed /m/

Grabbed /b/

Saved /v/

Honoured /r/

Peeled /l/

Signed /n/

Pleased /z/

Used /s/

Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, February 12, 2017.

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