The ‘rock music’ genre first showed up in 1950s, which was known as ‘rock and roll.’ ‘Rock and roll’ itself is heavily influenced by blues, RnB, and country music.
By late 1960s, different sub-genres emerged such as blues rock, country rock, and jazz rock. In 1960s, bands like Rolling Stones, Yardbirds, and Animals became pioneers. Along with these names, lots of rock bands emerged.
1970s is the birth of heavy metal and punk rock. Black Sabbath utilized the distortion in electric guitar, while punk rock emerged against the overly mainstream of the genres. Punk rock gave off a huge influence to the development of sub-genres such as new wave, post punk, and alternative rock. Likewise, Deep Purple and Judas Priest emerged with a more ‘complex’ kind of metal.
And then in the 1980s, a new wave of British heavy metal rose to fame led by Iron Maiden. Metal developed a lot in the 1980s. Names such as Metallica, Motorhead, and Motley Crue gained their peak popularity in this era. And then in the 1990s, alternative rock led the industry. Grunge, Britpop, post-grunge, and pop punk were among this genre. Names such as Oasis, Blink 182, Nirvana, and a lot more were part of this era.
While many consider rock and metal died in 2000, emo, garage rock, and contemporary heavy metal were actually born in this era. Bands such as Bullet For My Valentine, The Strokes, My Chemical Romance were among these sub-genres. Unfortunately, in 2010s until now, rock and metal only develops in indie records.
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