#EngTrivia: Spelling -ing and -ed forms

Hi, fellas! How was your day? Today I’m going to post an easy guide on how to change a bare infinitive to –ing and –ed forms.

Sometimes, we need to change a base verb or bare infinitive into -ing form to make it -ing verb or gerund. We also need to know how to change verb to –ed form to make it past tense. Often there’s no need to make changes into the end of the verbs, simply add –ing or –ed to the end of the verbs. However, there are some cases that require us to do so.
The following is a guide to help you get it right:

1.If the verb ends with the vowel –e, omit the –e, then add -ing to make –ing form. To make it –ed form, just add –d. Easy, right?

Here are the examples:
1) date-dating-dated
2) stare-staring-stared
3) snore-snoring-snored

2.If the verb ends in two consonants, just add –ing or –ed.

Look at these:
1) bomb-bombing-bombed
2) knock-knocking-knocked
3) push-pushing-pushed

3.If the verb ends in two vowels + one consonant, just add –ing or –ed.

Here are some examples:
1) wail-wailing-wailed
2) complain-complaining-complained
3) cook-cooking-cooked

4.If the verb has one syllable and ends in one vowel + one consonant, then double the consonant to make the –ing or –ed form.

1) beg-begging-begged
2) hop-hopping-hopped
3) stop-stopping-stopped

Note: But we do not double w or x: snow, snowing, snowed, fix, fixing, fixed.

5.If the first syllable of a two-syllable verb is stressed, do not double the consonant.


1) visit-visiting-visited
2) offer-offering-offered

6.If the second syllable of a two-syllable verb is stressed, double the consonant.


1) prefer-preferring-preferred
2) admit-admitting-admitted

7.If the verb ends in a vowel + –y, keep the –y. Do not change it to –i.

1) play-playing-played
2) pray-praying-prayed
3) stay-staying-stayed

8.If the verb ends in a consonant + –y, keep the –y for the –ing form, but change the –y to –i to make the –ed form.

Look at the following examples:
1) worry-worrying-worried
2) study-studying-studied
3) carry-carrying-carried

9.If the verb ends in vowels –ie, change –ie to –y to make ing form and just add –d to make –ed form.


1) lie-lying-lied
2) die-dying-died

Here is the table of spelling -ing and -ed forms. Hope it might help you.


I hope the explanation is easy to understand. Thank you so much for reading!


Compiled and written by @kusumawicitraa for @EnglishTips4U on Friday, January 13, 2017

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