#EngTrivia: Adjectival Phrase

Heyya, fellas! How did your day go? For me, today was a fairly great day.

Oh hey! Did you notice the adjective phrase in my last sentence?
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Alright, fellas! As promised last Wednesday, the topic of today’s session will be on the adjectival phrase. Let’s get things going, shall we?

Before we start… What is a phrase?
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Example of a phrase:

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What is an adjectival phrase?

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Adjectival phrase is a group of words that functions as an adjective in a sentence; it tells us something about the noun it is modifying.

Adjectival phrase has an adjective as its head and preceded and/or followed by other words.

If a group of words modifies a noun, then it is an adjectival phrase.

 

Where is adjectival phrase in a sentence?

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An adjectival phrase can go before a noun. It can also go after a linking verb like ‘be’.

The adjective in adjectival phrase may be accompanied by other words such as modifiers, determiners, or intensifiers.
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Modifier

Modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that functions as an adjective or adverb to provide additional information about another word or word group.

The pre-modifier of an adjective is:

  • positioned before the head adjective and,
  • always a simple adjective or an adverb phrase.

Example – simple adjective as modifier:

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Example – adverb phrase as modifier: slide9

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The post-modifier,

  • positioned after the head adjective,
  • can be an adverb phrase, a prepositional phrase, or infinitive.

Example – adverb phrase as modifier: slide11

 

Example – prepositional phrase as modifier:slide12

 

Example – infinitive as modifier: slide13

 

Determiner

Determiner is a word or a group of words that specifies, identifies, or qualifies the noun or noun phrase that follows it.

Common determiners which modify adjectives are:

  • articles,
  • qualifier,
  • distributive,
  • demonstrative adjective, and
  • possessive adjective.

Example – articles as determiner: slide14

 

Example – qualifier as determiner: slide15

 

Example – distributive as determiner: slide16

 

Example – demonstrative adjective as determiner: slide17

 

Example – possessive adjective as determiner:

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Intensifier

Intensifier is a word or phrase which emphasize or down-tone an adjective.

Intensifiers: very, quite, rather, somewhat, so, almost, fairly, really, pretty, a bit, a little, kind of, sort of, etc.

Example – intensifier which emphasize:slide19

Example – intensifier which down-tone:slide20

 

Oh wow! This turned out to be a fairly long session. We’ve now come towards the end of the session. Let’s see how we can form sentences with adjectival phrase.

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That’s a wrap, fellas! I hope the explanation was clear enough. If you have any question, feel free to mention us on Twitter or leave a comment below this post.

Thanks for tuning in to today’s session. Have a good rest and see you again tomorrow. XOXO

Compiled and written by @miss_qiak for @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, November 9, 2016.

 

Related post: #EngTrivia: How to use ‘Albeit’?

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