Adverb clauses are subordinate clauses that show relationships between ideas related to time, cause and effect, contrast and condition.
Some common used time related adverb clauses:
- After means after that moment. ‘After’ takes the present for future events and the past or past perfect for past events.
- After she graduates, she will get a job.
- Before means before that moment. ‘Before’ takes after the simple past or the present.
- l left before he came.
- When means at the moment, at that time. ‘When’ takes either the simple past or the present. The dependent clause changes tense in relation to the when clause.
- When I got there, he had already left.
There are others time related adverb clauses like while as, by the time, since, until, etc. Okay, why don’t you try some exercises.
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