Hi fellas, how was your weekend? I was out of town to attend my friend’s wedding. I had a fun holiday.
Today we will learn about time related adverb clause.
Adverb clauses are subordinate clauses that show relationships between ideas related to time, cause and effect, contrast and condition.
Some common used time related adverb clauses:
1. After; after means after that moment. After takes the present for future events and the past or past perfect for past events.
E.g. After she graduates, she will get a job.
2. Before; before means before that moment. Before takes after the simple past or the present.
E.g. l left before he came.
3. When; when means at the moment, at that time. When takes either the simple past or the present. The dependendent clause changes tense in relation to the when clause.
E.g. When I got there, he had already left.
There are others time related adverb clauses like while as, by the time, since, untill, etc.
Ok fellas, why don’t you try some exercises.
1. We will finish after he (comes, came).
2. He was talking on the phone when I (arrive, arrived).
3. I will leave before he (comes, came).
4. When I was in Chicago, I (visit, visited) the museums.
5. When it began to rain, I (stand, stood) under the tree.
6. I washed the dishes when my daughter (fall, fell) asleep.
7. When I (see, saw) him tomorrow, I will ask him.
Answers: 1. Comes; 2. Arrived; 3. Comes; 4. Visited; 5. Stood; 6. Fell; 7. See.
Ok fellas. That’s all for today. I hope you understand how to use time related adverb clauses in daily conversation. See you next sunday.
Compiled and written by @sherlydarmali for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, October 16, 2016.