True knowledge exists in knowing that you know nothing.-Socrates. Good evening, my dear Fellas! How are you?
Most of you must have heard about Ancient Greek philosophers, whether from textbooks or simply read about them somewhere.
Some say that they are the fathers of modern knowledge. That’s why our session today is #EngKnowledge Ancient Greek Philosophers.
Let’s start off with questions: What is philosophy to you? and why do you need it? I want your answers and I will retweet them! #EngKnowledge
We will start by brief introduction of Presocratic thought. There were some notable schools before the era of Socrates. #EngKnowledge
The Presocratic thought is popular because they turned away from mythological accounts to a more rational explanation of cosmos.
The most famous philosophers in this era are Thales of Miletus, Pythagoras, Heraclitus, and Democritus. #EngKnowledge
Thales is regarded as “the first philosopher” by Aristotle. He posited that water is the essence of all living things. #EngKnowledge
Meanwhile, Pythagoras is best known for his Pythagorean Theorem. But he was much more influential than that. #EngKnowledge
Pythagoras believed in reincarnation, which many then attributed it to the influence of Hinduism. #EngKnowledge
Heraclitus is famous for his thoughts that “everything flows” or “everything is in flux”, the closest element to this flux is fire. #EngKnowledge
Next, we have Democritus. Democritus talked about “atoms” thousands of years before John Dalton. #EngKnowledge
He believed that reality is made up of something indivisible and invisible, hence the name: atom. #EngKnowledge
Now we will discuss the three most prominent figures in Ancient Greek philosophy: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. #EngKnowledge
Socrates was one unique fellow. He was gifted with words but he wrote nothing—no books, scriptures, etc. #EngKnowledge
His pedagogical method, elenchus, is still a very famous method of teaching. He didn’t give out information like teachers. #EngKnowledge
Instead, he asked series of questions, with the results being the desired knowledge or the awareness of the limits of knowledge.
Next, we have Socrates’ most famous pupil: Plato. #EngKnowledge
Plato had his hands in many plates: from metaphysics to psychology. But his main concern was politics and ethics. #EngKnowledge
Plato saw any political regime without the aid of philosophy or fortune as fundamentally corrupt. #EngKnowledge
In other words, a regime must be led by philosopher, or at least have a philosopher as counsel. #EngKnowledge
Ever since he failed his political aspirations, he returned to his school of philosophy, which brings us to one of his pupils: Aristotle. #EngKnowledge
Aristotle studied in Plato’s academy for 20 years. But he criticized many of Plato’s works and way of thinking. #EngKnowledge
He left Athens and served as a tutor for the young Alexander the Great. He also learned botany and zoology before he returned to Athens.
Only after the Hellenistic period—long after his death—his works became popular. #EngKnowledge
So popular that Avicenna referred him as “The Master” while Averroes, Aquinas, and Alfarabi referred him as “The Philosopher”.
Yeap, that’s the end of our session today, Fellas! Do you have more to add? Give us a mention/retweet!
Thank you for your participations! Don’t forget to give our website englishtips4u.com a visit. See ya!