Good evening, fellas! How was your day? Did you have a good time celebrating our Independence Day? On this special day, let’s make today an even more special one, shall we? Mark today as the day we discuss Prefix!
How many of you have read our past post on prefix? If you haven’t, let me point you to it. ~> #EngClass: Prefix
In today’s #EngClass we’ll revisit and refresh our memory on Prefixes. Or ‘awalan’ as we might call it in Bahasa Indonesia.
As the name suggests… prefix is a group of letters placed in front of a root word. Prefixes, by themselves, are not words. Can you think of any example of prefixes, fellas?
Agree [v] = to accept or support, setuju.
(Dis)agree [v] = to not accept, to differ, tidak setuju.
@FabioFluzao: No, I can’t. It’s IMpossible! ;))))
@betipuspah: such as stable and unstable
@MeLLDinnard: Disappear? Uncommon?
Most prefixes are added to root words without adding or omitting a letter. By adding prefix to a root word, it changes its meaning… never the part of speech.
Today, well talk about some of the most commonly used prefixes. They are: dis-, in-, im-, il-, ir-, pre-, re-, un-.
1. dis- means not. Example: disagree, disconnect, disrespect.
a. Disagree | Prefix: Dis- | Root word: Agree
Example: They say it will rain, but I disagree.
b. Disconnect | Prefix: Dis- | Root word: Connect
Example: They disconnected the electricity. Now it’s hot.
c. Disrespect | Prefix: Dis- | Root word: Respect
Example: You really should not disrespect your teachers.
2. in- means no, not or without. Example: incapable, invisible, inorganic.
a. Incapable | Prefix: In- | Root word: Capable
Example: He’s a cold hearted man who is incapable of love.
b. Invisible | Prefix: In- | Root word: Visible
Example: Wind is invisible.
c. Inorganic | Prefix: In- | Root word: Organic
Example: An example of something inorganic is plastic.
3. im- means no, not or without. Example: impossible, impure, imbalance.
a. Impossible | Prefix: Im- | Root word: Possible
Example: Forget it! It’s an impossible goal.
b. Impure | Prefix: Im- | Root word: Pure
Example: People fell sick after drinking impure water.
c. Imbalance | Prefix: Im- | Root word: Balance
Example: Avoid doing anything that causes imbalance.
4. il- means no, not or without. Example: illegal, illogical, illiterate.
a. Illegal | Prefix: Il- | Root word: Legal
Example: It is illegal to ride a motorcycle without a license.
b. Illogical | Prefix: Il- | Root word: Logical
Example: Nobody wants to hear your illogical arguments.
c. Illiterate | Prefix: Il- | Root word: Literate
Example: It’s hard to read this illiterate scrawl.
5. ir- means no, not or without. Example: irresponsible, irrational, irrelevant.
a. Irresponsible | Prefix: Ir- | Root word: Responsible
Example: Don’t make irresponsible accusations.
b. Irrational | Prefix: Ir- | Root word: Rational
Example: Mathematics is a study of irrational numbers.
c. Irrelevant | Prefix: Ir- | Root word: Relevant
Example: What you are saying is completely irrelevant.
6. pre- means before. Example: preview, preheat, premature.
a. Preview | Prefix: Pre- | Root word: View
Example: We got 2 free tickets to the movie preview.
b. Preheat | Prefix: Pre- | Root word: Heat
Example: Don’t forget to preheat the oven before you use it.
c. Premature | Prefix: Pre- | Root word: Mature
Example: He was born five weeks premature.
7. re- means back or again. Example: react, return, reappear.
a. React | Prefix: Re- | Root word: Act
Example: How did she react when you told her
b. Return | Prefix: Re- | Root word: Turn
Example: They returned the books just the other day.
c. Reappear | Prefix: Re- | Root word: Appear
Example: He reappeared after having left her years ago.
8. un- means not. Example: uncooked, unfriendly, unhappy.
a. Uncooked | Prefix: Un- | Root word: Cooked
Example: You should never eat uncooked chicken.
b. Unfriendly | Prefix: Un- | Root word: Friendly
Example: We got an unfriendly reception from the staff.
c. Unhappy | Prefix: Un- | Root word: Happy
Example: She was unhappy with everything.
And that’s all for today, fellas. I hope you find today’s session informative enough. Feel free to mention us if you have any question. :D *we don’t bite*