#EngQAs: Grammar

When it comes to learning English, I think grammar could be named as one of the most delicate topics. Some friends of mine even gave up trying to understand grammar and there are people who usually have many questions about grammar

Other and Another

Question:

“I’m still confused about the differences between other and another. Can you please explain it with simple examples?” – Anggie @AwesomeChaser

Answer:

Meaning

Basically, ‘another’ means one more (of the same things) or an alternative, while ‘other’ means some more or some alternatives.

Use and position

Because ‘another’ refers to one more item of the same things, the word goes before singular countable noun, example:

  • I would like another cup of tea, please.

‘Another’ can also be used as a pronoun, example:

  • If you are not satisfied with the hotel room you booked, you can ask for another.

Meanwhile, because ‘other’ refers to alternatives (more than one item), the word goes before plural countable noun, example:

  • Although I have some other dresses, the strapless one is my favourite.

‘Other’ can be paired with the pronoun ones,’ example:

  • These oranges are rotten. What about the other ones?

‘Others’

Now, what about ‘others’? When should it be used?

While ‘other’ needs to be followed by noun or pronoun, ‘others‘ is already a pronoun, which means it no longer needs noun. For example:

  • Man: Some people are already here. Woman: Good. What about the others?
  • These pants are too short. Do you have others?

 

“Both ‘other’ and ‘another’ refer to something additional or “yang lainnya” in Indonesian. However, as for the usage, other is followed by plural noun while another is followed by singular noun, e.g., ‘I need another cup and I need other cups.” – Nurmala Syahbani ‏@malasyahbani

‘Due to’ and ‘Because (of)’

Question:

“I’m still confused about the differences between ‘due to’ and ‘because’… Can you please explain and give me the example?” – @srfhndr

Answer:

“For a start, instead of ‘because’, the one synonymous with ‘due to‘ is ‘because of‘. ‘due to‘ grew up as an adjective and modifies a noun (or pronoun), while ‘because of‘ grew up as an adverb and  modifies a verb.” – Eng vocabulary ‏@x_sg24  .

‘Because of’ is an adverb, which means it will modify verb. ‘Due to’ is an adjective, modifying noun or pronoun. It will be clearer with examples:

  • Rossi’s defeat in this year’s MotoGP is due to an accident in Sepang.
  • Rossi was defeated in this year’s MotoGP because of an accident in Sepang.
  • A lot of climbers were lost because of the storm.
  • A lot of climbers lost their way due to the storm.

“The first one (because of) has to do with cause whereas the second one indicates reason.” – #ELT&L Lab ‏@The_ELTL_Lab 

‘Whom’ and ‘Whose’

Question:

“Can you explain the difference between ‘whom‘ and ‘whose‘ please?” – Eng vocabulary @x_sg24

Answer:

“Whom is object in a sentence, whose means ‘of someone ‘. Is that correct? – Valeria Biffi ‏@neveivan

“Whose is used to ask for posession while whom is used to ask for object of a sentence.” – britard ‏@fachryspears

Adding to @neveivan and @fachryspears‘ suggestions, ‘whom’ is a pronoun for object, while ‘whose’ is a pronoun for possession. Here are some examples:

  • The man whom I had a fight with last night is my boyfriend.
  • Whom are you coming with?
  • Hey, whose computer is this? May I use it?
  • I don’t care whose son he is. He still needs to mind his manners.
  • “The man WHOM I interviewed last night is an actor. The woman WHOSE the car is red is her aunt.” – iif latifah karsono ‏@iif_93
  • “At whom are you mad??” – sarah @dramasranter

 

Compiled by @alicesaraswati for @EnglishTips4U on Monday, November 9, 2015

 

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^MD

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