#EngKnowledge: Tartan Pattern

Fellas. This is perhaps one of the most recognisable patterns of fabric.

Yep, it’s called tartan, and it’s our topic for today’s session!

Tartan is almost always be associated with Scotland, esp. with its traditional dress ‘kilt’.

Kilt is the skirt that these men are wearing, while the cloth slung over their shoulder is a ‘plaid’.

Though, in North America, the tartan pattern is generally known as ‘plaid’.

The United Kingdom is made of several countries, with Scotland being one of them.

Though being called “country” (negara), the concept is actually more similar to “state” (negara bagian).

Scotland consisted of many warrior clans. In 1746, the government tried to control them by banning anything that is related to their culture, inc. kilt.

But this rule was banished in 1786.

Different region in Scotland has their very own tartan patterns.

But in the middle of 19th century, clans and families began to develop their own tartan patterns.

This is a pattern for Black Watch, the Royal Regimen of Scotland.

This one is Royal Stewart, and is the personal pattern for Queen Elizabeth II.

If a clan wants to create their own pattern then they have to report to an institution called Lord Lyon King of Arms.

Once it receives an approval from Lord Lyon and a recommendation from Advisory Committee for Tartan then the pattern can be recorded by Lyon Court Book.

There are certain etiquette related to how people wear tartan.

While there is a “universal or free tartan” that can be worn anytime by anyone, there are also patterns like Balmoral or Royal Stewart that can only be worn by British Royal Family.

Scotland is a patriarchal society and children are using their father’s family name.

They are only allowed to wear a pattern that belongs to their father’s clan.

Even within a clan, only those who have sworn allegiance to the chieftain can wear the clan’s pattern.

How about today? Is there still any regulation on how to wear tartan?

They are generally more relaxed today. Mant patterns are also being sold freely for the public.

Just like batik in Indonesia. Everyone can wear batik, but there is always an exception for some very special occasions.

Source: Wikipedia

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 25 October 2015.

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