#EngKnowledge: MOOCs

Fellas. Have you ever wanted to study from the world’s best teachers … Without having to leave the comfort of home? 

Today we’ll talk about the coolest new innovation in education: MOOCs! 
What is MOOCs? No, it’s not the sound that cows make. 
MOOCs stands for Massive Online Open Course. 
MOOCs is basically a form of distance learning. 
In our grandparents’ days, people who live in remote places can get education by doing correspondence. 
Remote places = tempat terpencil, correspondence = surat-menyurat. 
MOOCs is actually a digital version of it: Students study from universities in far away places (even abroad) …
Submitting assignments and tests via email, meeting classmates via discussion forum, watching lectures via Youtube … 
 In the end, they got a certificate. And guess what? MOOCs lessons are available for free! 
 There are also paid MOOCs courses. The difference is what you can do with the certificate. 
You can use paid MOOCs courses to enroll to universities. With the unpaid version you can only use it to apply for jobs. 
Some of the most popular MOOCs providers are http://t.co/qQOtIzvTJt and http://t.co/zmGVtjVcDT
If you go to those sites, you can find lists of universities and the courses they provide, from business to music. 
MOOCs operate under the idea that education and information should be free for all, not limited to those in universities. 
Here’s the history of MOOCs: 
Distance learning was pioneered by the Open University, United Kingdom, in 1971. It uses the BBC to broadcast classes. 
Pioneered = dipelopori 
 The model was so successful that other countries began to follow suit, including Indonesia with Universitas Terbuka. 
Follow suit = mengikuti jejak langkah. 
Sir John Daniel, former CEO of Commonwealth of Learning, refer to open universities as ‘mega universities’. 
Because there is no limit to the number of students an open university can have. 
The Internet era introduced us to the concept of ‘Open Content’. 
Open Content is when learning materials are widely available in online platform, so it can be accessed for free by anyone. 
MIT was the first university to declare that all its materials will be accessible for free online. 
MIT’s OpenCourseWare program inspired UNESCO to coin the term ‘Open Educational Resource’. 
Coin the term = mencetuskan istilah 
University of the People (http://t.co/NvzwSp8Gjf) took it even further. Not only that they distribute materials, they also have experts donating time and knowledge to teach via videos and recordings. 
Took it even further = mengembangkan lebih jauh lagi. 
MIT and Harvard then collaborate to build http://t.co/qQOtIzvTJt. They are only some of the many universities taking part. 

MOOCs became so popular that The New York Times declare 2012 as “The Year of MOOCs.” 

Do you want to know how popular it is? Well, for example, Stanford University’s first MOOCs class was “Intro to Artifical Intelligence”. There are 160,000 students enrolling in that program alone! Imagine having 160,000 classmates from all over the world.

Interestingly, these top universities are actually not the first to come out with the idea of using Internet to teach. 

George Siemens from University of Manitoba, Canada, was the founder of MOOCs. 

(Image: online-educa.com)

With Stephen Downes, he conducted his classes online and for free to the public, other than 25 of his own students.

Siemens began his innovation in 2008. He was concerned because education is available only to those attending universities. 

His innovation had enabled people to get greater access to education.
In 2012, University of Miami launched Global Academy, the first high school level MOOCs. 

Even US President Barrack Obama complimented MOOCs as ‘having potential to help reduce the cost of higher education.’ 

Reduce cost = Mengurangi biaya.

The admin had tried an MOOCs course once via http://t.co/qQOtIzvTJt. It was wonderful! :D

The class was ‘Intro to College Writing’ by University of California, Berkeley. Great way to help improve English writing skills.

Have any of you tried MOOCs classes? How was your experience?

@nanovita: @EnglishTips4U I’ve tried coursera. It’s also supporting a 5-week workshop in @america Pacific Place these weeks. Helpful ;)
Source: Wikipedia, Tian Belawati – Pendidikan di Era Keterbukaan.

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 26 April 2015.

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