#EngKnowledge: World Poetry Day

Hey-ho, fellas! Do you know that 21 March – which was only yesterday – had been declared by UNESCO as #WorldPoetryDay ? 

Declared = dinyatakan 

Poetry is one of the most universal forms of literary art in the world. Like songs, it is known in almost any language! 

#WorldPoetryDay is a time to appreciate and support poets and poetry around the world. 

Poetry certainly plays a great role in the development of English language. 

Today we’ll talk about the different genre of poetry – plus some great examples from each genre! 

If you are majoring in Literary or taking the Language class in high school, feel free to contribute! 

The art of poetry is older than the written language itself – it is considered as the oldest form of literature! 

Written language = bahasa tertulis. 

Human ancestors told stories in some sort of poetic form to make it easier to remember and recite. 

Ancestors = nenek moyang, poetic form = bentuk/gaya seperti puisi, recite = menceritakan ulang 

According to Aristotle, poetry is divided into 3 genres: comedy, tragedy, epic. 

Image: Wikipedia

Comedy is about something laughable, while tragedy and epic are about human sufferings. 

The difference is that epic is written in narrative form (narrative = bercerita) 

In the modern era, poetry is divided into 3 main forms: lyric, narrative, and dramatic. 

They can still be divided into many subdivisions, but those are the 3 main forms of poetry. 

1. Lyric. Check out the first lines of “Sonnet 18” by the legend himself, William Shakespeare: 

“Shall I compare thee to a Summer’s day? Thou are more lovely and more temperate”

 (Biar gaya boleh lah besok-besok ngegombal pakai puisi Shakespeare :P )

Thee/thou = ‘kamu’ dalam bahasa Inggris lama 

Lyric poetry is an emotional writing. It focuses on feelings and thought, and can be like a song. 

Elegy, ode, sonnet are the subdivisions of lyric poetry. 

 2. Narrative poetry. Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Raven” is a great example. Watch it here: http://t.co/lqL1SmkNZQ 

 It’s a video of Christopher Lee reading The Raven. Yes, he’s Saruman in the Lord of the Rings movies. 

Image: Wikipedia

It’s a video of Christopher Lee reading The Raven. Yes, he’s Saruman in the Lord of the Rings movies. 

I don’t recommend to listen to that alone :D The Raven is a creepy story about being visited by a mysterious bird at midnight.

Narrative poetry is a poem that tells a story. Its subdivisions are epic and ballad. 

3. Dramatic poetry. This is a poem in which one or more characters speak, like in a drama. 

Next we have parts of Robert Frost’s “Out-out”. Here is the man (with a birthday cake).

Image: Wikipedia

“Doing man’s work, though a child at heart // He saw all spoiled, ‘Don’t let him cut my hands off!'”

“The Doctor, when he comes, ‘Don’t let him, sister!’ // So, but the hand was gone already.” 

A child at heart = Berjiwa polos seperti anak-anak.

That’s a sad story :'( As you can see, there are at least 2 characters speaking in that poem. 

In that case, The Raven can also be put in dramatic poetry division. Poetry genre is often flexible like that. 

 Anyway, listening to poetry is a great way to practice listening skills! I recommend to check out ‘SpokenWordTV’ in Youtube. 

Poetry doesn’t always have to be serious and heavy. Many of them are funny and entertaining. 

Check out this poet Beau Sia, reading his poem “I’m So Deep”: http://t.co/JrcUqz3pED 

So! Do you have any favorite poem? Or do you write them yourself? 

@alifahzarrina: @EnglishTips4U I have, I wrote it a long time ago. But dunno if the grammar is correct or nah.

@endahwinchester: @englishtips4u one of my favorite is Desiderata by Max Ehrmann :)

Source: timeanddate.com, brighthubeducation.com, poemofquotes.com, SpokenWordTV, ChristopherLeeFans

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 22 March 2015

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