Happy International Women’s Day! Here’s to a better future for all women!
What is International Women’s Day or #IWD? Let’s learn about the history of this global movement.
Every 8 March, the global community celebrates women’s economic, political, and social struggles and achievements. Purple is the color associated with this international day, as seen in their logo. In some countries, #IWD is celebrated as a national holiday. For example, in China women are given half-day off.
In 1977, United Nations General Assembly declared 8 March as #IWD, the United Nations Day for women’s rights and world peace. However, the history of #IWD goes way back before 1977. It is said that even in developed country like Germany, women were not allowed to vote until 1918!
In the early 20th century, there was a rise of women movement in different parts of the world. For instances, in 1908, women in New York City marched to demand for shorter working hours, better pay, and suffrage. Then in Indonesia, 1911 saw the publication of R. A. Kartini’s “Habis Gelap Terbitlah Terang.”
The first National Women’s Day is celebrated in the United States on 28 February 1909. The day was established based on a declaration of Socialist Party of America. In the beginning, International Women’s Day is strongly tied to socialism, but as women movement spread worldwide it became more universal.
In 1910, the second International Conference of Working Women was held in Copenhagen. In the event, activist Clara Zetkin proposed the idea of #IWD. Some countries can use it as momentum to press for women’s rights and the idea was approved unanimously. International Women’s Day was celebrated on 19 March 1911 in Austria, Denmark, Germany, Switzerland.
Why did it changed to 8 March? Because there are many significant events related to women movement happened on 8 March. In 8 March 1914, Sylvia Pankhurst led a march in London for women’s right to vote. She was arrested n continued the struggle behind bars. In Russia, the February Revolution also happened on 8 March 1917 where the women marched to demand for “Bread and Peace”.
So! How do you celebrate the day, fellas? What do you think is the most urgent problem for women in Indonesia and the world?
- #EngKnowledge: International Women’s Day (2)
- #EngKnowledge: Valentine’s Day Celebration
- #EngKnowledge: Halloween history
- #EngKnowledge: Eid al-Adha around the World
- #EngKnowledge: Diwali festival