#EngTrivia: Palindromes and Semordnilap

Let’s begin the new month with a light and fun topic: Palindromes! 

Remember when the Internet was shocked to find out that “Koh Ahok”, when read from behind, is also “Koh Ahok”? 

A word/sentence/line that reads exactly the same word/sentence/line when read in reverse is called a Palindrome.

In reverse = Kebalikannya. 

The term was coined by playwright Ben Jonson in 17th century from Greek words ‘palin’ (again) and ‘dromos’ (way, direction). 

Coined = Menemukan. Khusus digunakan untuk ‘menemukan istilah/kata’. 

Playwright = Penulis drama panggung. 

 Let’s check out some of the coolest example of palindromes: 

“Taco cat”. 

“Race car”. 

“Mr. Owl ate my metal worm.” 

“Was it a car or a cat I saw?”

“Madam, I’m Adam.” 

 “A nut for a jar of tuna.” 

“On a clover, if alive erupts a vast pure evil, a fire volcano”. 

My favorite: “Dammit, I’m mad!” 

“A Toyota’s a Toyota.” 

Punctuations tend to be ignored when reading a palindrome. 

Palindromes also have a ‘twin brother’ called “Semordnilap”. What is it? 

First, you might notice that Palindromes read backward is Semordnilap :’D 

Semordnilap is a word that when read backward forms another new word … With completely different meaning. 

The word was coined by Martin Gardner in his notes to C.C. Bombaugh’s book Oddities and Curiosities of Words and Literature.

 Let’s check out some great example of Semordnilaps: 

My favourite: “Stressed” — “Desserts” 

“Repaid” — “Diaper” 

 “Rewarder” — “Redrawer” 

“Deliver” — “Reviled” 

I just realised this: “Lived” — “Devil” 

Do you have other cool examples of Palindromes/Semordnilap? :D 

@MIcannisa: @EnglishTips4U pals — slap #EngTrivia

@aldrrrin: @EnglishTips4U “keep” — “peek”

@yuniarchristy: @englishtips4u “Tab” — “Bat”


Sources: Wikipedia

Compiled by @animenur for @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, 1 March 2015.

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