Howdy, fellas! How’s your Monday going? It’s positively nice, isn’t it? :)
Anyway, I’d like to discuss a bit of grammar now, which is about the use of ‘By’. Here we go! #GrammarTrivia
We use ‘by’ in many different ways. The first use is to say HOW we do something. #GrammarTrivia
For example, ‘send something BY post’, ‘do something BY hand’, ‘pay BY credit card’ (but pay IN cash). #GrammarTrivia
Or something can happen BY mistake / BY accident / BY chance (but do something ON purpose). #GrammarTrivia
In the same way we use ‘By’ to say how somebody travels. You may study the following examples. #GrammarTrivia
BY car / BY train / BY plane / BY boat / BY ship / BY road / BY rail / BY air / BY sea / BY underground. #GrammarTrivia
Examples: (1) “Liz usually goes to work BY bus.” (2) “Do you prefer to travel BY air or BY train?” #GrammarTrivia
In addition, we say ‘something is done BY somebody / something’ (Passive). #GrammarTrivia
Study the following examples: (1) “Have you ever been bitten BY a dog.” (2) “The programme was watched BY millions of people.” #GrammarTrivia
‘By’ also means ‘next to’ or ‘beside’. For example, “Just come and sit BY me.” #GrammarTrivia
Therefore, that is how we use ‘By’ in a sentence. I hope this short discussion helps you. #GrammarTrivia
Source: English Grammar in Use (Raymond Murphy, Cambridge University Press).
Compiled by @aditriasmara at @EnglishTips4U on December 1, 2014.