#GRAMMARTRIVIA: The Use of ‘By’

Howdy, fellas! How’s your Monday going? It’s positively nice, isn’t it? :)

Anyway, I’d like to discuss a bit of grammar now, which is about the use of ‘By’. Here we go! #GrammarTrivia

We use ‘by’ in many different ways. The first use is to say HOW we do something. #GrammarTrivia

For example, ‘send something BY post’, ‘do something BY hand’, ‘pay BY credit card’ (but pay IN cash). #GrammarTrivia

Or something can happen BY mistake / BY accident / BY chance (but do something ON purpose). #GrammarTrivia

In the same way we use ‘By’ to say how somebody travels. You may study the following examples. #GrammarTrivia

BY car / BY train / BY plane / BY boat / BY ship / BY road / BY rail / BY air / BY sea / BY underground. #GrammarTrivia

Examples: (1) “Liz usually goes to work BY bus.” (2) “Do you prefer to travel BY air or BY train?” #GrammarTrivia

In addition, we say ‘something is done BY somebody / something’ (Passive). #GrammarTrivia

Study the following examples: (1) “Have you ever been bitten BY a dog.” (2) “The programme was watched BY millions of people.” #GrammarTrivia

‘By’ also means ‘next to’ or ‘beside’. For example, “Just come and sit BY me.” #GrammarTrivia

Therefore, that is how we use ‘By’ in a sentence. I hope this short discussion helps you. #GrammarTrivia

All in all, remember to visit http://englishtips4u.com and http://facebook.com/englishtips4u, fellas! See you! :)

Source: English Grammar in Use (Raymond Murphy, Cambridge University Press).

Compiled by @aditriasmara at @EnglishTips4U on December 1, 2014.

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