Before we start I have 2 questions. Fill in the gap with is/ are:
1. Some of the kids ___ hungry.
2. One of the books ___ stolen.
Correct! Do you know why? “
@andri_a_dharma: 1. Some of the kids ARE hungry. 2. One of the books IS stolen. OK, great! :) “ @syifafajrin: karena some itu “beberapa”, yang berarti jamak. Dan one itu satu yang berarti tunggal?”
Hmm.. It seems the questions were too easy for you. 2 more then:
3. Some of the student ___ nice.
4. All the equipment ___ new.
Today’s topic is actually about subject-verb agreement using the expressions of quantity.
1. In most expressions of quantity, the verb is determined by the noun or pronoun that follows of. For example:
- Some of the book is good. (the noun is “book” = singular)
- Some of the books are good. (the noun is “books” = plural)
- A lot of the equipment is new. (equipment = uncountable noun = singular)
- A lot of my friends are nice. (friends = plural)
- Two-thirds of the money is mine. (money = uncountable n. = singular)
- Two-thirds of the pennies are mine. (pennies = plural).
2. “One of”, “each of”, and “every one of” are exceptions. They all take singular verbs. Example: One of the books is stolen.
3. Subjects with “none of” are considered singular in very formal English, but plural verbs are used in informal speech/writing. For example:
- None of the kids is here. (formal)
- None of the kids are here. (informal)
4. “The number” is followed by plural noun and takes singular verb. Example: The number of students is twenty.
5. While “a number” is followed by plural noun and takes plural verb. Example: A number of students are in the class.
Source: Understanding and Using English Grammar Second Edition by Betty Schrampfer Azar