#EngClass: sentences

Do you know what a ‘sentence’ is? How many types of sentences are there in English? Anybody wants to help answer the 2 questions? :)

‏@ULyLy: 4..simple, complex, compound, complex-compound

Great! You’re correct. And this is what we are going to discuss tonight. :)

Before we start, feel free to read our blogposts related to ‘sentence’:

#EngClass: sentence

#GrammarTrivia: clause vs. sentence

#EngClas: understanding the basics of English grammar

What are simple, complex, compound, and complex-compound sentences? Well, let’s start the explanation. :)

1. Simple Sentence

A simple sentence consists of an independent clause (Subject + Predicate) and expresses a complete thought. Example: “I like coffee.”

A simple sentence can contain a compound subject (Example: You and I like coffee.) or a compound verb (Example: I like coffee and tea.).

Now, can you give me some examples of simple sentences using your own words? :)

Please remember: a sentence must begin with a capital letter and end with a full stop (or an exclamation/ question mark).

2. Compound Sentence

A compound sentence consists of 2 independent clauses joined by a coordinator (coordinators = FANBOYS).

Great! Yes, they are FANBOYS! :) “@iif_93: For, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.”

Except for very short sentences, we use comma before the coordinator. Example: “I like coffee, but she likes tea.”

Now, please give me more examples of compound sentences, please? Remember capitalization and punctuation. :)

  • @_asaku: My mother and her mother are classmates, but I never know.”
  • “@rifamilad: You must work hard, or you will fail your exams.”

3. Complex Sentence

A complex sentence is a combination of an independent clause and a dependent clause. It always has a subordinator.

Subordinators: because, since, after, although, when. Subordinators can also be ‘relative pronouns’: that, who, which.

Example: “When she eats, she always drinks a cup of tea afterwards.”

Now, please give me more examples of complex sentences, fellas? :)

  • @siscarvi: We are studying because we have a test tomorrow.
  •  ‏@labibahrasyid: After people learned how to grow their own food, they settled in villages.

4. Compound-complex sentence

A compound-complex sentence is a combination of a compound sentence and a complex sentence (as the name suggests).

Example: “While she likes tea, I like coffee, and our two other flatmates love mineral water.”

Now, give me more examples, please? :)

  • @iif_93: We decided that the movie was too violent, but our children who like to watch scary movies, thought that we were wrong.
  • @argatjatoer: While he was cleaning the kitchen, he found a lot of expired food, but he didn’t get rid of it immediately.”

Questions and Answers

  1. Q@resyntand: then, what different among ‘But’ and ‘Yet’? | A. ‘But’ and ‘yet’ as conjunctions have the same meaning and are interchangeable. Read But vs. yet.
  2. Q@adelnotia: what about “otherwise” and “therefore”? Are they also coordinators? | A. ‘Otherwise’ and ‘therefore’ are what we call as ‘linking adverbs/transition words’. Read Connective words that relate phrases and clauses.
  3. Q@adelnotia: one more quest min, what’s the difference between “so…” and “so that…” ? | A. Here’s a very useful link to learn about the difference So vs. So that.
  4. Q@Naafitrie: why I can’t use “what” in this sentence: Everything what they said was true. Can you explain me? | A. I think you have to read more about adjective clause. Try this for a start Relative Pronouns and Adjective Clauses.

That’s a wrap, fellas! I hope today’s #EngClass is useful. Thanks for the participation as well. I liked the sentences you gave me! :)

Reference:

Sentences: Simple, Compound, and Complex

Compiled by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on June 17, 2013

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