Do you know what a ‘sentence’ is? How many types of sentences are there in English? Anybody wants to help answer the 2 questions? :)
@ULyLy: 4..simple, complex, compound, complex-compound
Great! You’re correct. And this is what we are going to discuss tonight. :)
Before we start, feel free to read our blogposts related to ‘sentence’:
What are simple, complex, compound, and complex-compound sentences? Well, let’s start the explanation. :)
1. Simple Sentence
A simple sentence consists of an independent clause (Subject + Predicate) and expresses a complete thought. Example: “I like coffee.”
A simple sentence can contain a compound subject (Example: You and I like coffee.) or a compound verb (Example: I like coffee and tea.).
Now, can you give me some examples of simple sentences using your own words? :)
Please remember: a sentence must begin with a capital letter and end with a full stop (or an exclamation/ question mark).
2. Compound Sentence
A compound sentence consists of 2 independent clauses joined by a coordinator (coordinators = FANBOYS).
Great! Yes, they are FANBOYS! :) “@iif_93: For, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.”
Except for very short sentences, we use comma before the coordinator. Example: “I like coffee, but she likes tea.”
Now, please give me more examples of compound sentences, please? Remember capitalization and punctuation. :)
- “@_asaku: My mother and her mother are classmates, but I never know.”
- “@rifamilad: You must work hard, or you will fail your exams.”
3. Complex Sentence
A complex sentence is a combination of an independent clause and a dependent clause. It always has a subordinator.
Subordinators: because, since, after, although, when. Subordinators can also be ‘relative pronouns’: that, who, which.
Example: “When she eats, she always drinks a cup of tea afterwards.”
Now, please give me more examples of complex sentences, fellas? :)
4. Compound-complex sentence
A compound-complex sentence is a combination of a compound sentence and a complex sentence (as the name suggests).
Example: “While she likes tea, I like coffee, and our two other flatmates love mineral water.”
Now, give me more examples, please? :)
Questions and Answers
- Q. @resyntand: then, what different among ‘But’ and ‘Yet’? | A. ‘But’ and ‘yet’ as conjunctions have the same meaning and are interchangeable. Read But vs. yet.
- Q. @adelnotia: what about “otherwise” and “therefore”? Are they also coordinators? | A. ‘Otherwise’ and ‘therefore’ are what we call as ‘linking adverbs/transition words’. Read Connective words that relate phrases and clauses.
- Q. @adelnotia: one more quest min, what’s the difference between “so…” and “so that…” ? | A. Here’s a very useful link to learn about the difference So vs. So that.
- Q. @Naafitrie: why I can’t use “what” in this sentence: Everything what they said was true. Can you explain me? | A. I think you have to read more about adjective clause. Try this for a start Relative Pronouns and Adjective Clauses.
That’s a wrap, fellas! I hope today’s #EngClass is useful. Thanks for the participation as well. I liked the sentences you gave me! :)