#EngClass: Should Have vs Must Have

#EngClass time! Are you ready, fellas? Today, we’ll talk about something to do with Modals. Have any of you heard about Should and Must?

As a warm up, tell me what you know about Should and Must, fellas. What do they mean? How do you use them?

Here’s a quick recap.

Both Should and Must express obligations.

Should dipakai saat menyatakan keharusan yang disarankan.

  • Contoh: You should stay tuned to #EngClass (disarankan untuk mantengin #EngClass)

Must dipakai saat menyatakan keharusan yang tidak bisa ditawar, wajib, kudu, tidak boleh tidak.

  • Contoh:  You must stay tuned to #EngClass. Kalian harus mantengin. *awas kalau ada yang bolos/kabur*

Selain menyatakan keharusan, Should dan Must juga bisa dipakai untuk menyatakan kemungkinan atau keyakinan.


“It should be the delivery man”


“It must be the delivery man” .

Keduanya sama-sama menyatakan perkiraan dan keyakinan akan siapa yang mengetuk pintu. Hanya saja, “must” menunjukkan bahwa admin LEBIH yakin dan hampir pasti bahwa kurir pizza sudah sampai; ketimbang saat mengatakan “should”.

Want to know more modals? Visit #EngClass: Modal Auxiliary

Enough with the appetizers. Now, here comes the main course! :D Today, we will talk about “should have” and “must have“.

Meski ‘should’ & ‘must’ punya beberapa kemiripan. ‘Should have’ & ‘must have’ punya arti yang jauh berbeda.

Should have‘ berarti ‘seharusnya’, menunjukkan sesuatu yang seharusnya terjadi, tapi tidak jadi, dan diikuti dengan penyesalan.

  • Contoh: I should have bought fried rice from Bang Mamat. (Seharusnya admin beli nasi goreng Bang Mamat)
  • Maksud: Admin seharusnya beli nasi goreng. Nyesel deh tadi admin tidak beli nasi goreng. Akhirnya kelaperan karena lama menunggu kiriman pizza.

Must have‘ dipakai saat kita berasumsi dan yakin sesuatu terjadi. Menurut asumsi kita, sesuatu pasti telah terjadi.

  • Contoh: The operator must have forgotten to process my order. (Operator telponnya pasti kelupaan sama pesanan admin)
  • Maksud: Admin rasa operatornya lupa. Admin yakin operatornya lupa. Buktinya pizzanya tidak kunjung sampai.

Well, I hope you know the difference between ‘Should have’ and ‘Must have’ now :)

Mmm… have I told you that both ‘should have’ and ‘must have’ must be followed by Past Participle Verb (v3)? :D

Here’s another example of ‘should have’ & ‘must have’:

  • I shouldn’t have whined so much. It must have been hard to find the address.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on March 23, 2013


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