#EngClass: ‘Let,’ ‘make,’ ‘let’s’

I bet you know what ‘let’ and ‘make’ mean. So I need your help. Are these sentences correct? If not, please revise them. :)

  1. “Don’t let them know about the news yet.”
  2. “She makes me did it!”
  3. “Let’s swimming!”
2) She made me do it. 3) Let’s swim! – evajuliana13

Great! Sentences 2) and 3) are incorrect. Now,  let’s discuss what ‘let,’ ‘make,’ and ‘let’s’ mean and how to use them.

Let vs. make

‘Let’ and ‘make’ are both verbs. They have similar meanings (though not the same) and related sentence patterns.

  • ‘Let’ means allow/not prevent (mengijinkan/tidak mencegah),
  • ‘Make’ means force/compel (memaksa/mendorong untuk melakukan).

Both ‘let’ and ‘make’ have almost the same sentence patterns:

“Let + Object + Verb 1”

“Make + Object + Verb 1”

Important note:

  • We do not use ‘to’ before the verb, and the verb is not in Present Participle (Verb -ing) form.
  • If you want to change the tense of your sentence, you have to change ‘let’ and ‘make’.
    • Example:
      • She made me do it.

 

Practice:

Now, let’s translate these sentences into English, shall we?

  1. “Biarkan aku menolongmu.”
  2. “Aku tidak akan membiarkanmu melakukannya.”
  3. “Apakah kau membiarkan dia masuk tadi malam?”
  4. “Dia sudah memaksaku mengerjakan semua tugas ini.”
  5. “Untunglah ibuku tidak memaksaku untuk mencuci piring.”
  6. “Apakah kau akan memaksaku memberikan semua hadiah ini padanya?”

Please note, all the answers for number 1) to 6) are using either ‘let’ or ‘make.’ And I need to remind you again though: please read the explanation stated above. You do not need to use ‘to.’

Answer:

  1. “Let me help you.”
  2. “I won’t let you do it.”
  3. “Did you let him/her get in last night?”
  4. “He made me do all these tasks.” or “He made me do all these tasks.”
  5. “Thank goodness my mom doesn’t make me wash all these plates.” or “Fortunately, my mother did not make me wash the dishes.”
  6. “Will you make me give all these gifts to him/her?” or “Are you gonna make me give all these presents to him?”

 

Let’s

‘Let’s’ stands for ‘let us.’

“Let’s + Verb 1”

The pattern above is used to make suggestions for the speaker(s) and hearer(s) to do something.

Just like ‘let’ and ‘make,’ you do not need to use ‘to’ after ‘let’s.’

Examples from fellas:

  1. “Let’s make a sandwich.” – @julianawijaya
  2. “Hey, you are sick. Let’s go to the doctor. “- @alfial_
  3. “Let’s move!” – @evajuliana13
  4. “Let’s sleep earlier tonight.” – @ade_mestri
  5. “Let’s study happily and easily with this twitter account,@EnglishTips4U! Yeay!” – @raafian
  6. “Let’s make a sentence about this topic.” – @Echi1930

 

Extra:

Q. “Causative verb?” @ade_mestri

A. Yes, “let” and “make” are also called “causative verbs”. :)

 

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, February 18, 2013

 

Related post(s):

 

^MQ

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One response to “#EngClass: ‘Let,’ ‘make,’ ‘let’s’

  1. Pingback: #EngTrivia: Though, tough, through, thorough, taught, thought | @EnglishTips4U·

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