#EngClass #EngQuiz: Simple Present Tense

Do you remember our lessons about Simple Present Tense? Let me refresh your memory: Simple Present Tense (Positive) and Simple Present Tense (Negative and Interrogative).

Simple Present Tense is used to express: habit/routine, general truth/fact, ability, personality, news quote, schedule, narration, etc.

There are 2 forms of Simple Present Tense:

  1. The one that uses “base form” of verb.
  2. The one that uses verb “be”.

What is “base form” of verb? It’s basically what we usually call as “Verb 1”. Examples can be found in 2 links I have given you.

Meanwhile I bet you are already familiar with verb “be”. In Simple Present Tense, they are “am”, “is”, and “are”.

Look at the examples:

  1. Simple Present Tense (SPT) with base form: “I like studying.”
  2. SPT with verb be: “I am a student.”

In previous examples, the base form of verb in sentence 1) is = “like”. Meanwhile the verb be in sentence 2) is = “am”.

Can you see the difference, fellas? Between the sentence 1) and sentence 2)? Why do they have to be different? Here’s the reason…

  1. In sentence 1) it is clear that the Subject is “I” and the Verb is “like”. Remember, a clause has to have: [S + V].
  2. Meanwhile in sentence 2), if we omit the “be”, the sentence will be “I a student.” It is NOT a clause, because it has NO verb.

This is when we use “be” that functions as the “Verb” of the sentence “I am a student.” Thus, Subject = “I”; Verb = “am”.

The form [S + verb be] is usually followed by: noun, adjective, adverb (of place/time). Example: I am a student. (a student= noun)

Other examples:

  1. She is hungry. (hungry= adjective)
  2. We are at home. (at home= adverb of place)
  3. It is 4 PM. (4 PM= adverb of time)

NOTE: in a sentence using Simple Present Tense, the “base form” of verb is NOT used in the same clause as the verb “be”.

Look at these examples: “I’m work in a bank.” or “I’m work an engineer.” These 2 sentences are WRONG. Can you correct them?

Answer by @Rajesky: “I work in a bank.” “I’m an engineer.”

Admin: Correct! (with some revisions from me on capitalization and punctuation)

Still confused and want to see more examples? I’ve found this useful page you can bookmark and read: Present Simple Tense.

Now let’s end this session with an #EngQuiz on Simple Present Tense. How to join: each sentence contains mistake(s). Please correct them!

  1. I’m study English every night.
  2. He don’t have any money.
  3. It is happen all the time.
  4. What is this woman want?
  5. It’s mean so much to me.
  6. Doesn’t it right?
  7. She speak good English.
  8. I’m live in the city.
  9. The book’s cost Rp 50,000.
  10. I wants cheeseburger, please.

ANSWER KEY:

  1. @FakeSHITake: 1) I study English every night.
  2. @JessiaKhalis: He doesn’t have any money.
  3. @alfiiiii_: 3) It happens all the time.
  4. @shalalaaaa: What does this woman want?
  5. @dilafd: It means so much to me.
  6. @anitrii: Isn’t it right?
  7. @asmiainayah: 7) She speaks good English.
  8. @hilgaclara: I live in the city.
  9. @afif_alhad: (9) The book costs Rp. 50,000.
  10. @anggaprasada: 10) I want cheeseburger, please.

Alright, that’s a wrap, fellas! Sorry couldn’t RT all your answers. If you’re still making mistakes, please: READ MORE + PRACTICE MORE. :)

Compiled by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on September 24, 2012

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