Simple Present Tense is used to express: habit/routine, general truth/fact, ability, personality, news quote, schedule, narration, etc.
There are 2 forms of Simple Present Tense:
- The one that uses “base form” of verb.
- The one that uses verb “be”.
What is “base form” of verb? It’s basically what we usually call as “Verb 1”. Examples can be found in 2 links I have given you.
Meanwhile I bet you are already familiar with verb “be”. In Simple Present Tense, they are “am”, “is”, and “are”.
Look at the examples:
- Simple Present Tense (SPT) with base form: “I like studying.”
- SPT with verb be: “I am a student.”
In previous examples, the base form of verb in sentence 1) is = “like”. Meanwhile the verb be in sentence 2) is = “am”.
Can you see the difference, fellas? Between the sentence 1) and sentence 2)? Why do they have to be different? Here’s the reason…
- In sentence 1) it is clear that the Subject is “I” and the Verb is “like”. Remember, a clause has to have: [S + V].
- Meanwhile in sentence 2), if we omit the “be”, the sentence will be “I a student.” It is NOT a clause, because it has NO verb.
This is when we use “be” that functions as the “Verb” of the sentence “I am a student.” Thus, Subject = “I”; Verb = “am”.
The form [S + verb be] is usually followed by: noun, adjective, adverb (of place/time). Example: I am a student. (a student= noun)
- She is hungry. (hungry= adjective)
- We are at home. (at home= adverb of place)
- It is 4 PM. (4 PM= adverb of time)
NOTE: in a sentence using Simple Present Tense, the “base form” of verb is NOT used in the same clause as the verb “be”.
Look at these examples: “I’m work in a bank.” or “I’m work an engineer.” These 2 sentences are WRONG. Can you correct them?
Answer by @Rajesky: “I work in a bank.” “I’m an engineer.”
Admin: Correct! (with some revisions from me on capitalization and punctuation)
Still confused and want to see more examples? I’ve found this useful page you can bookmark and read: Present Simple Tense.
Now let’s end this session with an #EngQuiz on Simple Present Tense. How to join: each sentence contains mistake(s). Please correct them!
- I’m study English every night.
- He don’t have any money.
- It is happen all the time.
- What is this woman want?
- It’s mean so much to me.
- Doesn’t it right?
- She speak good English.
- I’m live in the city.
- The book’s cost Rp 50,000.
- I wants cheeseburger, please.
- @FakeSHITake: 1) I study English every night.
- @JessiaKhalis: He doesn’t have any money.
- @alfiiiii_: 3) It happens all the time.
- @shalalaaaa: What does this woman want?
- @dilafd: It means so much to me.
- @anitrii: Isn’t it right?
- @asmiainayah: 7) She speaks good English.
- @hilgaclara: I live in the city.
- @afif_alhad: (9) The book costs Rp. 50,000.
- @anggaprasada: 10) I want cheeseburger, please.
Alright, that’s a wrap, fellas! Sorry couldn’t RT all your answers. If you’re still making mistakes, please: READ MORE + PRACTICE MORE. :)