#EngClass: primary verbs

“Auxiliary verbs” are also known as “helping verbs” because they help only particular verbs. Auxiliary verb = kata kerja bantu.

Secara umum, dalam English grammar ada 2 jenis auxiliary verb:

  1. ‘primary verb’
  2. ‘modal auxiliary verb’

Yang kita bahas hari ini: primary verb.

Modal auxiliary verb sangat sering kita jumpai, seperti: can, will, may, etc. Lebih jelasnya bisa dibaca di sini #EngClass: modal auxiliary.

Sementara itu, hanya ada 3 primary verb, yaitu: be, do, have. Kita akan bahas satu per satu beserta contoh penggunaannya ya.

1) ‘be’ membantu ‘V -ing’ (Present Participle) yang digunakan pada Continuous Tenses + V3 (Past Participle) pada ‘passive voice’.

Remember! Apapun bentuk tense yang digunakan pada passive voice, main verb SELALU dalam bentuk Verb 3 (atau ‘Past Participle).

Untuk mengingatkanmu kembali pada ‘passive voice’ atau ‘the passive’, baca kembali materi di blog ini ya: #EngClass: the passive.

Contoh auxiliary verb ‘be’:

  1. I am studying English. (Present Continuous Tense)
  2. The piano was played by Anton. (passive voice)

2) Auxiliary verb ‘do’ membantu basic verb yang digunakan dalam kalimat negative/interrogative pada Simple Present dan Simple Past Tense.

Contoh auxiliary verb ‘do’:

  1. Do you like horror movies? (Simple Present Tense)
  2. I didn’t watch the match. (Simple Past Tense)

Remember! ‘do’ adalah juga main verb dalam sebuah clause. Jadi, ‘do’ bisa muncul 2 kali dalam 1 kalimat, dengan fungsi masing-masing.

Contoh penggunaan auxiliary verb “do”+ main verb “do”:

  1. How do you do?
  2. She didn’t do her homework.
  3. I don’t usually do laundry.

3) Auxiliary verb ‘have’ membantu V3 pada Perfect Tenses, digunakan pada semua bentuk (affirmative, negative, interrogative).

Contoh auxiliary verb ‘have’:

  1. I have studied English for 10 years.
  2. I haven’t been to Africa.
  3. What have you been doing?

Remember! Seperti halnya ‘do’, ‘have’ adalah juga main verb dalam sebuah clause. Jadi, penggunaannya bisa 2 kali dalam 1 kalimat.

Contoh auxiliary verb ‘have’ + main verb ‘have’:

  1. I have had lunch at the cafeteria.
  2. She had had this house for 40 years.

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on July 2, 2012

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