#EngClass: Conditional 3

The topic of this article would be: Conditional 3. Are you ready?

Conditional sentences ada 3 tipe:

  1. (future – possible),
  2. (present – unreal),
  3. (past – unreal).

Kali ini kita bahas Conditional 3.

Conditional 3 menyatakan

“Andai (dulu) aku… Sebelum ini, aku pasti sudah/ bisa saja/ seharusnya sudah/ mungkin sudah…”

Kalimat ini menunjukkan pengandaian yang tidak sesuai dengan kenyataan. Bingung? Berikut contohnya:

  • “If I had had enough money, I would have flown to Australia last Christmas.”

Artinya:

  • “Kalau (dulu) uangku cukup, aku pasti sudah terbang ke Australia Natal tahun lalu.”

Resep Conditional 3:

Main clause with Would/Should/Could/Might + have + V3 + IF clause in Past Perfect Tense

Resep lain:

IF clause in Past Perfect Tense [comma] Main clause with Would/Should/Could/Might + have + V3

Masih bingung? Coba perhatikan contoh ini:

  • “If he had learned the truth, he might have cancelled the wedding.”

Artinya:

  • “Kalau dulu dia tahu kenyataannya, dia mungkin sudah membatalkan pernikahannya.”

Let’s try this:

  • If you (study) diligently, you (will) (pass) your exam.
    • Answer: “If you had studied diligently, you would have passed your exam.”
    • Artinya: Kalau dulu rajin belajar,(kemarin) kamu pasti sudah lulus ujian.

It’s not so hard after all, right? ;) Let’s do more exercise.

Practice

  1. If he (study) more, he (may) (get) a higher mark.
  2. If I (know) that you needed me, I (will) (come) at once.
  3. If she (save) her money, she (may) (be) able to go on a vacation aboard.
  4. If I (feel) better, I (can) (go) to the hospital with you.
  5. If they (have) time last holiday, they (will) (join) the tour to Disneyland.

Answer

  1. If he had studied more, he might have gotten a higher mark.
  2. If I had known that you needed me, I would have come at once.
  3. If she had saved her money, she might have been able to go on a vacation aboard
  4. If I had felt better, I could have gone to the hospital with you.
  5. If they had had time last holiday, they would have joined the tour to Disneyland.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, July 8, 2012

Related post(s):

^MQ

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5 responses to “#EngClass: Conditional 3

  1. Pingback: #EngClass: Conditional Clause Summary | @EnglishTips4U·

  2. Pingback: #EngClass: Conditional 1 | @EnglishTips4U·

  3. Pingback: #EngClass: Conditional 2 | @EnglishTips4U·

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