#EngClass: Conditional 1

Di artikel ini kita akan berandai-andai. Yes, our topic is “Conditional.” Siapa saja yah yang pernah tanya?

Conditional sentences punya 2 bagian: klausa utama, klausa “if”. Masing-masing klausa punya Subject dan Verb sendiri.

Contoh:

  • “Andai aku punya banyak uang, Aku akan beli sebuah mobil.”
    • Penggalan kalimat yang berandai disebut klausa if (if clause) S: Aku V: Beli.
    • Penggalan kalimat yang akan terjadi bila “if clause” terjadi disebut klausa utama.

Conditional sentences ada 3 tipe:

  1. (future – possible),
  2. (present – unreal),
  3. (past – unreal).

Kali ini kita bahas Conditional 1.

Conditional 1 menyatakan

“Andai aku… Aku akan…”.

Kalimat ini mengandaikan sesuatu yang mungkin bisa terjadi di masa depan.

Contoh:

  • “Andai aku punya banyak uang (nanti), Aku akan beli sebuah mobil.”
  • “If I have a lot of money, I will buy a car.”

Kenapa conditional 1 disebut (future – possible)? Karena sesuatu yang kita harap terjadi di masa depan, mungkin saja terjadi. Maksudnya?

Contoh:

  • Siapa tau nanti aku punya banyak uang? Aku bisa aja punya bnyk uang di masa depan. Kalau terjadi, aku akan beli mobil.

Resep Conditional 1:

Main clause in Future Tense + IF clause in Present Tense

Contoh:

  • “He will make good grades IF he studies well.”
    • note: if clause diikuti present tense.

Resep lain Conditional 1:

IF clause in Present Tense [comma] Main clause in Future Tense

Contoh:

  • “IF he studies well, he will make good grades.”
    • note: if clause diikuti present tense.

Ayo kita coba:

  • “If she (work) hard, she (succeed).”
    • ubah verb di dalam tanda kurung
    • Answer: “If she works hard, she will succeed.”
      • Artinya: Kalau dia kerja keras, dia akan sukses.
      • note: if clause diikuti present tense

Alright! Let’s do the following exercises ;) Ready?

Practice

  1. If I (find) the key, I (give) it to you.
  2. If the weather (be) warm next Sunday, we (go) to Bandung.
  3. If father (turn) off the light, we (have) to sleep right away.
  4. If he (fail) the last test, he (have) to repeat the course.
  5. If I (have) time tomorrow, I (go) to the exhibition with you.
  6. If I (see) Jason, I (give) him your message.
  7. If the manager (call), I (speak) to him.
  8. If you (save) your money, you (be) able to go on a vacation.
  9. If he (arrive) on time, his teacher (not, get) angry with him.
  10. If it (get) colder, I (put) my jacket on.

Answer

  1. If I find the key, I will give it to you.
  2. If the weather is warm next Sunday, we will go to Bandung.
  3. If father turns off the light, we will have to sleep right away.
  4. If he fails the last test, he will have to repeat the course.
  5. If I have time tomorrow, I will go to the exhibition with you.
  6. If I see Jason, I will give him your message.
  7. If the manager calls, I will speak to him.
  8. If you save your money, you will be able to go on a vacation.
  9. If he arrives on time, his teacher will not get angry with him.
  10. If it gets colder, I will put my jacket on.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, June 6, 2012

Related post(s):

^MQ

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4 responses to “#EngClass: Conditional 1

  1. Pingback: #EngClass: Conditional 2 | @EnglishTips4U·

  2. Pingback: #EngClass: Conditional Clause Summary | @EnglishTips4U·

  3. Pingback: #EngClass: Conditional 2 | @EnglishTips4U·

  4. Pingback: #EngClass: Conditional 3 | @EnglishTips4U·

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