#EngQuiz: common mistakes in English

Rules: for each number, choose the right sentence/the one you think more natural; don’t forget to mention the question’s number.

  1. a) The Indonesian hymn is called “Indonesia Raya.” b) The Indonesian national anthem is called “Indonesia Raya.”
  2. a) The class is so exciting! b) The class is so excited! c) The class is so excitable!
  3. a) I’m 20 years. b) I’m 20 years old.
  4. a) I’d rather dying than living alone. b) I’d rather die than living along. c) I’d rather be dying than living alone.
  5. a) I didn’t see anyone last night. b) I didn’t see any one last night.
  6. a) We talked about a lot of things. b) We discussed about a lot of things.
  7. a) My house is near with the park. b) My house is near the park.
  8. a) Ayu is married with Angga. b) Ayu is married to Angga.
  9. a) Can you borrow me your English books? b) Can you lend me your English books?
  10. a) Almost Indonesian people eat rice. b) Most Indonesian people eat rice.
  11. a) He has returned to his homeland. b) He has returned back to his homeland. c) He has returned again to his homeland.
  12. a) What’s your favorite pastime activity? b) What’s your favorite pastime?
  13. a) The screw is a little bit lose. b) The screw is a little bit loose. c) The screw is a little bit loss.
  14. a) She may be the nicest girl I’ve ever met. b) She maybe the nicest girl I’ve ever met.
  15. a) I always get ashamed when I speak in front of the class. b) I always get embarrassed when I speak in front of the class.

ANSWER KEY and explanation:

  1. Jawaban: “national anthem” yang artinya “lagu kebangsaan”, bukan “hymn” yang artinya “hymne” (nyanyian pujian).
  2. Jawaban: “exciting” yang artinya “menarik”, bukan “excited” yang artinya “tertarik”/”excitable” yang artinya “mudah tertarik”.
  3. Ketika mengatakan umur, selalu gunakan frase “… (jumlah tahun) years old”. “years” saja menyatakan durasi/lama sesuatu berlangsung.
  4. a) Salah karena tidak ada “verb” (be). b) Salah karena “die” dan “living” (bentuk Verb-nya) tidak pararel. c) Benar karena ada “be” + pararel.
  5. Jawaban: “anyone” yang artinya “siapa pun”, bukan “any one” yang artinya “siapa saja di antara” (misal: any one of you).
  6. Jawaban: “talk about” (membicarakan) karena “discuss” memiliki arti yang sama dengan “talk about”, jadi “about” tidak lagi dibutuhkan.
  7. Jawaban: “near” (dekat). Dalam menggunakan preposition ini, “with” tidak dibutuhkan karena near” sudah berarti “dekat dengan”.
  8. Jawaban: “married to” (menikah dengan). Salah contoh prepositional verb (verb + preposition) di mana pasangannya tidak dapat diganggugugat.
  9. Jawaban: “lend” yang artinya “meminjamkan”, bukan “borrow” yang artinya “meminjam”. “Bisakah kamu meminjamkan buku Bahasa Inggrismu?”
  10. Jawaban: “most”, bukan “almost” karena “almost” harus diikuti dulu oleh angka/quantifier (misal: almost 90% of Indonesian people).
  11. Jawaban: “return”, karena “return” sendiri artinya sudah “kembali lagi”, jadi “back”/”again” tidak dibutuhkan.
  12. Jawaban: “pastime”, karena “pastime” sendiri artinya adalah “kegiatan/aktivitas di waktu luang”, jadi kata “activity” tidak dibutuhkan.
  13. Jawaban: “loose” yang artinya “longgar” – adjective (sekrupnya longgar), bukan “lose” (kehilangan – verb)/”loss” (kehilangan – noun).
  14. Jawaban: “may be” yang artinya “mungkin adalah”, bukan “maybe” karena jika memilih “maybe” maka clause “She..” tidak memiliki verb.
  15. Jawaban: “get embarrassed” (merasa malu), karena jika menggunakan “ashamed” harusnya dengan “be”/linking verb (misal: feel ashamed).

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on June 18, 2012

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