#EngClass: Order of Adjectives OSASCOMP

Howdy fellas! Have you ever heard of “Order of Adjectives”? “Paired Adjectives”? “OSASCOMP”?  Let’s discuss that today.

In English, it is common to use more than one adjective (kata sifat) to describe a noun (kata benda). Have a look at this picture. How would you describe this pair of earring?

For example:

This is a pair of pretty tiny heart shaped purple diamond earring.
*panjang banget yah*

‘Pretty,’ ‘tiny,’ ‘heart shaped,’ ‘purple’ and ‘diamond’ are all adjectives. Those adjectives describe a noun, a pair of earring. Jadi bagaimana cara kita mengurutkan penggunaan kata sifat? Itu yang akan kita bahas hari ini. Yuk kita mulai!
Urutan adjectives ada 8, yaitu opinion, size/dimension, age, shape, color, origin, material, and purpose. Dikenal juga dengan singkatanOSASCOMP‘.

  1. Opinion adalah adjective yang menunjukkan pendapat tentang sesuatu/seseorang.
    • Example:
      • funny, beautiful, fabulous, difficult, pretty, ugly, silly, etc.
  2. Size/Dimension adalah adjective yang menunjukkan ukuran besar kecilnya sesuatu/seseorang.
    • Example:
      • large, tiny, enormous, little, etc.
  3. Age adalah adjective yang menunjukkan umur sesuatu/seseorang.
    • Example:
      • ancient, new, young, old, etc.
  4. Shape merupakan adjective yang menunjukkan bentuk sesuatu.
    • Example:
      • square, round, flat, rectangular, heart shaped, sphere, etc.
  5. Color merupakan adjective yang menunjukkan warna sesuatu.
    • Example:
      • blue, bluish, pink, pinkish, red, reddish, mix colored, etc.
  6. Origin adalah adjective yang menunjukkan asal sesuatu/seseorang atau kenegaraan seseorang.
    • Example:
      • Mexican, Chinese, eastern, northern, etc.
  7. Material -merupakan Adjective yang menunjukkan materi yang membentuk suatu benda.
    • Example:
      • wooden, metal, cotton, paper, stone, etc.
  8. Purpose adalah adjective yang menunjukkan tujuan/kegunaan benda, sering kali berupa gerund (V-ing).
    • Example:
      • sleeping bag, baking pan, watering can, etc.

Dari urutan 8 adjectives yg baru kita bahas, tidak harus digunakan semua. Kalau hanya ingin menggunakan dua adjectives? Boleh, tapi disesuatikan dengan urutannya.

Contoh 1:

  • Benar: “A good-looking young boy.”
  • Salah: “A young good-looking boy.”

Ingat urutan OSASCOMP? Opinion: good-looking, age: young.

Contoh 2:

  • Benar: “A small red car.”
  • Salah: “A red small car.”

Urutannya, aize/dimension: small,  color: red.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Sunday, April 29, 2012.



10 thoughts on “#EngClass: Order of Adjectives OSASCOMP”

  1. Simply desire to say your article is as amazing. The clearness for your post is simply nice and i can think you’re knowledgeable in this subject. Well together with your permission let me to take hold of your RSS feed to stay up to date with impending post. Thanks a million and please carry on the gratifying work.

  2. Excuse me, I saw adjective order on BBC. It is said that the order is OSSACOM. Opinion, Size, Shape, Age, Color, Origin (nationality), Materials

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