#EngClass: Question words

So, what is a ‘question word?’ Question word adalah kata tanya, seperti kata ‘what.’ Ada 9 ‘question word’ utama yang biasa digunakan dalam Bahasa Inggris.

1. When

When. Arti: kapan (bertanya tentang waktu). 


  • Q: “When is she coming?”
  • A: “Tomorrow.”
  • Q: “When did you go?”
  • A: “Last night.”

2. Where

Where. Arti: di mana (bertanya tentang tempat)


  • Q: “Where is it?”
  • A: “Here.”
  • Q: “Where will you go?”
  • A: “Makassar.”

3. Why

Why. Arti: kenapa/mengapa (bertanya tentang alasan)


  • Q: “Why did you leave?”
  • A: “I was bored.”
  • Q: “Why is he late?”
  • A:”Traffic jam.”

4. How

How. Arti: bagaimana. Secara umum ‘how’ digunakan untuk bertanya tentang bagaimana sesuatu itu dilakukan. ‘How’ juga bisa diikuti kata tambahan.


  • Q: “How did the test?”
  • A: “Easy.”
  • Q: “How would you like your steak?”
  • A: “Well done.”

4.1. How much/How many

How much/How many. Arti: bertanya tentang harga/jumlah.


  • Q: “How much is this?”
  • A: “Rp 50,000.”
  • Q: “How many people came?”
  • A: “Ten.”

4.2. ‘How’ + adjective

‘How’ + adjective (kata sifat).


  • Q: “How old are you?”
  • A: “Twenty.”
  • Q: “How hot is it?”
  • A: “30 degrees C.”

4.3. How much/How many

How much/How many. Arti: bertanya tentang harga/jumlah.

4.4. ‘How’ + adverb

‘How’ + adverb (kata keterangan).


  • Q: “How long have you been here?”
  • A: “Two weeks.”
  • Q: “How often do you play?”
  • A: “Once a week.”

5. Who

Who. Arti: siapa (jika jawabannya = subject).


  • Q: “Who wants some drinks?”
  • A: “I do.”
  • Q: “Who came last night?”
  • A: “My friend.”

Who biasanya diikuti oleh verb (kata kerja) bentuk singular/tunggal walaupun bertanya tentang lebih dari satu org. e.g. “Who wants...”

6. Whom

Whom. Arti: siapa (jika jawabannya = object).


  • Q: “Whom did you see?”
  • A: “I saw Andy.”
  • Q: “Whom is he looking for?”
  • A: “His niece.”

Whom hanya digunakan dalam pertanyaan formal. Jarang digunakan dalam Bahasa Inggris lisan; lebih sering digantikan dengan ‘who.’

7. Whom

Whose. Arti: kepunyaan siapa (bertanya tentang kepunyaan).


  • Q: “Whose book is this?”
  • A: “Mine.”
  • Q: “Whose car did you see?”
  • A: “Sam’s.”

8. What

What. Arti: apa.

What bisa digunakan sebagai subject dari pertanyaan.


  • Q: “What happened?”
  • A: “An accident.”

What bisa juga digunakan sebagai object dari pertanyaan.


  • What did you see?
  • Nothing.
  • What will she buy?
  • A gift.
  1. What kind of. Arti: menanyakan jenis dari suatu hal secara khusus.

    • Contoh:
      • What kind of fabric do you need?
      • Cotton.
  2. ‘What’ + bentuk ‘do,’ digunakan untuk menanyakan aktivitas.

    • Contoh:
      • What will you do tonight?
      • Stay at home.
  3. What bisa diikuti oleh noun (kata benda).
    • Contoh:
      • What time did you sleep?
      • 11 PM.
      • What color is her hair?
      • Red.
  4. ‘What’ + be like. Arti: menanyakan deskripsi umum suatu hal/seseorang.
    • Contoh:
      • What is he like?
      • Handsome and friendly.
  5. ‘What’ + look like. Arti: menanyakan deskripsi fisik.
    • Contoh:
      • What does the dress look like?
      • Pink and made of satin.

9. Which

Which. Arti: yang mana (digunakan ketika kita ingin menanyakan yang mana yang dipilih di antara 2 pilihan yang jelas).


  • There are 2 shirts. Which one do you want?/Which shirt do you want?
  • Answer: The blue one.

Dalam beberapa kasus, ‘which’ dan ‘what’ bisa digunakan secara bergantian jika diikuti oleh noun. e.g. “Which/What cities did you visit?”


Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Monday, February 27, 2012

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