#EngClass: Adverbs of certainty

Dalam pembahasan sebelumnya kita mengetahui bahwa adverb merupakan kata keterangan. Fungsi adverb itu sendiri adalah untuk menjelaskan kata kerja.

  • Contoh:
    • “She sings beautifully.”

Terdapat beberapa jenis adverb, salah satunya adalah adverb of certainty yang akan kita bahas hari ini.

Pengertian adverb of certainty

Adverb of certainty menyatakan seberapa yakin atau pastinya kita terhadap suatu kejadian/tindakan. Adverb of certainty menjawab pertanyaan seperti, “Apa kamu yakin?” atau “Seberapa yakin?”

Adverb of certainty sendiri terdiri dari beberapa jenis, yaitu:

  1. Certainly dan definitely yang menyatakan kepastian.
    • Contoh:
      • “I will definitely come to your party next week.”
      • “The problem can certainly be solved.”
  2. Undoubtedly (baca: an-da-u-ted-li) yang menyatakan kepastian yang tidak diragukan lagi.
    • Contoh:
      • “She is undoubtedly the worst cook in the world.”
  3. Clearly dan obviously yang menyatakan kepastian yang jelas terlihat atau terbukti.
    • Contoh:
      • “This is clearly his handwriting. How can anyone read it?”
  4. Probably, maybe, dan perhaps yang menyatakan ketidakyakinan atau keraguan.
    • Contoh:
      • Q: “Will she come?”
      • A: “Maybe. I’m not sure.”

Penggunaan adverb of certainty

Setelah mengetahui maksud dari adverb ini, lantas bagaimanakah kita menggunakannya untuk memberntuk sebuah kalimat?

Adverbs seperti certainly, definitely, undoubtedly, clearly, obviously dan probably pada umumnya diposisikan di tengah kalimat. Ada beberapa jenis peletakan adverb ini di dalam sebuah kalimat, antara lain

  1. Peletakkan setelah to be (… to be + adverb).
    • Contoh:
      • “It is undoubtedly going to rain. It’s so dark outside.”
  2. Peletakkan setelah auxiliary verb (… auxiliary + adverb).
    • Contoh:
      • “It will probably rain later this evening.”
  3. Peletakan yang diikuti dengan noun phrase (… adverb + noun phrase).
    • Contoh:
      • “Today is definitely the gloomiest day ever.”
  4. Peletakan yang diikuti dengan verb (… adverb + verb).
    • Contoh:
      • “It will certainly rain today.”
  5. Maybe dan perhaps umumnya diletakkan di depan klausa.
    • Contoh:
      • Maybe it won’t rain.”
      • Perhaps the weather will improve later.”

 

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, February 29, 2012

Related post(s):

^MD

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2 responses to “#EngClass: Adverbs of certainty

  1. Pingback: #EngClass: Adverb | @EnglishTips4U·

  2. Pingback: #EngClass: Degree words | @EnglishTips4U·

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