#EngTrivia: Somebody, someone, anybody, anyone

Dalam penggunaannya sebenarnya tidak ada perbedaan besar antara somebody, someone, anybody, dan anyone. Yang membedakan adalah penggunaan -one lebih formal daripada -body.

Contoh:

  • There is somebody at the door = There is someone at the door.
  • Is there anybody? = Is there anyone?

 

Menurut The Oxford Dictionary of American Usage and Style, -one dan -body dapat saling menggantikan.

Dan dalam praktiknya, kata “anyone” muncul tiga kali lebih banyak di media cetak dibandingkan “anybody”.

Karenanya disebutkan bahwa kata “anyone” lebih banyak digunakan dalam kalimat/tulisan formal.

Bagaimana dengan some- dan any-?

Some- dan any- memiliki sedikit perbedaan dalam penggunaannya di kalimat.

Some- digunakan dalam kalimat afirmatif, sementara -any digunakan dalam kalimat negatif atau interogatif.

Contoh:

  • Affirmative: There is somebody at the door.
  • Interrogative: Did anyone come?
  • Negative: I don’t want to go anywhere too expensive.

Perlu diketahui juga bahwa “somebody” merupakan kata ganti tunggal. Untuk kata ganti jamak kita menggunakan “some people”.

Contoh:

  • Somebody wants to see you.
  • Some people want to see you.

Untuk mengacu kembali kepada “somebody”, “anybody”, kita menggunakan “they”, “them”, dan “their”.

Contoh:

  • Nobody came, did they? (“they” mengacu kepada “nobody”)
  • Somebody left their umbrella in the office. (“their” mengacu kepada “somebody”)

 

Compiled by @Patipatigulipat at @EnglishTips4U on Friday, February 3, 2012

 

Related post(s):

 

^MQ

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4 responses to “#EngTrivia: Somebody, someone, anybody, anyone

  1. Pingback: #EngTrivia: by the way, anyway, anyways, any way | @EnglishTips4U·

  2. Pingback: #EngTrivia: anyway, any way, anyways | @EnglishTips4U·

  3. Pingback: #EngTrivia: “One”/”Ones” as pronoun | @EnglishTips4U·

  4. Pingback: #EngClass: Indefinite pronoun [some(one, body, thing), any(one, body, thing), no(one, body, thing), every(one, body, thing)] | @EnglishTips4U·

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