#EngClass: Indefinite pronoun [some(one, body, thing), any(one, body, thing), no(one, body, thing), every(one, body, thing)]

‘Some,’ ‘any,’ ‘no,’ ‘every’ yang diikuti dengan ‘one,’ ‘body,’ ‘thing’ berfungsi sebagai kata ganti untuk menerangkan hal/orang yang umum/belum teridentifikasi/tidak spesifik identitasnya.

Kata ganti tersebut selalu diikuti dengan kata kerja tunggal meskipun terkadang maksudnya merujuk kepada lebih dari 1 orang/hal.

Contoh:

  • Everyone is going to the concert.
  • Nobody has bought that car.
  • There is something I wanna see here.

Mari kita bahas satu per satu:

1) Some(one,body,thing), digunakan untuk kalimat positif.

Contoh:

  • Someone/somebody used this computer yesterday but I don’t know who it was.
  • I need something from you.

2) Any(one,body,thing) digunakan untuk kalimat negatif dan kalimat tanya.

Contoh:

  • I went there but I didn’t see anyone/anybody.
  • Do you need anything from me?

*) ‘Any’ juga dapat berfungsi sebagai kata sifat. Dalam konteks ini ‘any’ berarti apa saja, yang mana saja, sembarang saja. Pada konteks ini ‘any’ dapat digunakan dalam kalimat positif.

  • Contoh:
    • You can do anything if you want to.

3) No(one,body,thing) digunakan dalam kalimat positif, mengandung makna ketiadaan/ketidakhadiran suatu hal/orang.

Contoh:

  • Nobody/no one can find me here.
  • I have nothing to eat.

4) Every(one,body,thing): digunakan di kalimat positif.

Contoh:

  • Everybody thinks it is a joke.
  • Everyone/everybody likes to eat.
  • Everything is gonna be okay.

Lalu apa bedanya someone vs somebody, anyone vs anybody?

Keduanya mempunyai arti dan aturan penggunaan yang sama, bersifat interchangeable (bisa saling menggantikan satu sama lain).

Compiled and written by @ChatrineYK at  on January 17, 2012.


RELATED POST(S):

^MD

Advertisements

3 responses to “#EngClass: Indefinite pronoun [some(one, body, thing), any(one, body, thing), no(one, body, thing), every(one, body, thing)]

  1. Pingback: #EngClass: How to use ‘who,’ ‘whom,’ and ‘whose’ | @EnglishTips4U·

  2. Pingback: #EngTrivia: “One”/”Ones” as pronoun | @EnglishTips4U·

  3. Pingback: #GrammarTrivia: ‘You and I’ or ‘You and Me’? | @EnglishTips4U·

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s