#EngClass: Past Progressive Tense

Past Progressive atau Past Continuous dipakai untuk suatu kejadian/proses di masa lalu dan sedang berlangsung ketika kejadian lain terjadi di masa lalu.

Contoh: (Kemarin malam) Kamu sedang memasak makan malam. Di tengah kamu sedang memasak, telepon berbunyi. Contoh kalimat: You were cooking dinner when the phone rang.

Jadi apa bedanya dengan Past Tense?

Past Tense menyatakan sesuatu terjadi dan selesai di masa lalu -titik-, tanpa menyatakan kejadian lain.

  • Pola kalimat (+) Past Progressive:

S + was/were + Verb -ing.

  • Pola kalimat (-) Past Progressive:

S + was/were + not + Verb -ing.

  • Pola kalimat (?) Past Progressive:

Was/were + S + Verb -ing + … + ?

  • “Was” dipakai untuk subjek I dan he/she/it.
  • “Were” dipakai untuk subjek you/we/they.

Adverbs of time: when, while, as. When, while dan as berarti “ketika’.

When diikuti dengan kejadian yang menginterupsi.

Contoh:

  1. I was sleeping when he went to school.
  2. The sun was shining brightly when she woke up.

Perhatikan posisi Past Progressive Tense dan Past Tense dalam kalimat-kalimat di atas. When diikuti dengan kejadian yang menginterupsi.

While dan as diikuti dengan kejadian yang berproses.

Contoh:

  1. While I was sleeping, he went to school.
  2. As I was sleeping, he went to school.

Perhatikan posisi Past Progressive Tense dan Past Tense dalam kalimat-kalimat di atas. While dan as diikuti dengan kejadian yang berproses.

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PRACTICE

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Lengkapi kalimat-kalimat berikut dengan Past Progressive Tense dan Past Tense. Perhatikan posisi verb yang sesuai.

  1. It (rain) hard when they (leave) the party.
  2. She (get) sick while we (drive) to Bandung.
  3. She (fall) as she (get) into her car.
  4. Just as we (watch) the movie, some friends (call) us.
  5. I (call) home last night, but my sister (be, bot) at home. She (visit) her in-laws.

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ANSWERS

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  1. It was raining hard when they left the party.
  2. She got sick while we were driving to Bandung.
  3. She fell as she was getting into her car.
  4. Just as we were watching the movie, some friends called us.
  5. I called home last night, but my sister was not at home. She was visiting her in-laws.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on December 26, 2011

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