#EngTrivia: Common mistakes in English

Berikut merupakan beberapa kesalahan umum penggunaan kata yang sering terjadi ketika menggunakan Bahasa Inggris:

A lot of, ‘lots of,‘ ‘a lot

A lot of dan ‘lots of banyak digunakan dalam Bahasa Inggris informal. Keduanya berarti banyak atau beberapa.

  • Contoh:
    • “I need a lot of water to drink.”
    • “Marisa likes lots of chocolate on her toast.”

A lot yang berarti sangat, digunakan di akhir kalimat.

  • Contoh:
    • “They like dancing a lot.”

Enough

‘Enough’ memiliki arti ‘cukup.’ Jika ‘enough’ berfungsi menjelaskan kata sifat (adjective) atau kata keterangan (adverb) maka ‘enough’ diletakkan setelah kata-kata tersebut.

  • Contoh:
    • “Roy is strong enough to lift that weight.”

Jika ‘enough’ berfungsi menerangkan kata benda (noun) maka penggunaannya diletakkan sebelum kata benda tersebut.

  • Contoh:
    • “I don’t have enough money to buy that book.”

‘A little/little’ vs ‘a few/few’

A little’ dan ‘little’ digunakan untuk non-countable noun dan dalam bentuk tunggal.

  • Contoh:
    • “Mom has put a little sugar into my tea.”
    • “There is little milk left in the jug.”

A few’ dan ‘few’ digunakan untuk countable noun dan dalam bentuk jamak.

  • Contoh:
    • “Dennis has few friends in Surabaya.”
    • “There are a few things that you need to understand.”

‘Most,’ ‘the most,‘, ‘mostly’

‘Most’ tanpa ‘the’ digunakan sebagai kata sifat (adjective) yang berarti hampir semua, sebagian besar.

  • Contoh:
    • “Henry ate most of the pizzas from the party yesterday.”

‘Most’ tanpa ‘the’ juga berarti paling jika terletak sebelum kata keterangan (adverb).

  • Contoh:
    • “That company uses computers most effectively.”

The most’ paling umum digunakan untuk menyatakan ‘paling’, biasanya terletak sebelum kata sifat (adjective).

  • Contoh:
    • “He is the most gorgeous man I’ve ever seen.”

‘Mostly’, tidak sering digunakan, merupakan kata keterangan (adverb) yang berarti:

  1. biasanya.
    • Contoh:
      • We mostly go to the sport center on Sunday afternoon.
  2. pada umumnya, sebagian besar.
    • Contoh:
      • “My friends in this group are mostly highly motivated people.”

 

Compiled and written by @ChatrineYK at @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, November 22, 2011

Related post(s):

^MD

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4 responses to “#EngTrivia: Common mistakes in English

  1. Pingback: #EngQuiz: Prevalent English Grammar Mistakes | @EnglishTips4U·

  2. Pingback: #EngTrivia: Common mistakes and Confusing words in English | @EnglishTips4U·

  3. Pingback: #EngTrivia: Common mistakes and Confusing words in English (2) | @EnglishTips4U·

  4. Pingback: #EngGame: Common spelling mistakes | @EnglishTips4U·

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