#EngClass: Present Perfect Progressive (positive)

Hi, fellas! Yuk kita lanjut bahasan tenses kita dengan Present Perfect Progressive Tense. Untuk kelas hari ini, kita singkat jadi PPPT yah.

Bentuk kalimat positive PPPT:

S + have/has + been + V -ing.

Contoh: They have been complaining since yesterday.

PPPT dipakai untuk menyatakan pekerjaan/perbuatan yang SUDAH terjadi di waktu lampau, DAN  MASIH berlangsung/dilanjutkan.

Perbedaan Present Perfect Progressive Tense (PPPT) dan Present Perfect Tense (PPT);

(1) PPT menyatakan sesuatu yang SUDAH terjadi di waktu lampau, bisa jadi sudah berhenti atau masih berlanjut, tidak yakin.

(2) PPT menekankan bahwa sesuatu SUDAH terjadi. PPPT menekankan pada DURASI/WAKTU sesuatu yang sudah & masih terjadi. Perhatikan 2 contoh berikut:

(a) I’ve cooked dinner – PPT.

Maksud : Saya SUDAH memasak makan malam. Makan malam sudah jadi.

(b) I’ve been cooking dinner – PPPT.

Maksud: Saya MENGHABISKAN WAKTU (sedari tadi) memasak makan malam.

Kata keterangan waktu yang paling sering dipakai pada kalimat PPPT: since (sejak) dan for (selama).

Since (sejak) menunjukkan waktu pekerjaan/kegiatan dimulai.

Contoh: Since this morning (sejak pagi tadi), Since 1999 (sejak tahun 1999)

For (selama) menunjukkan lama waktu pekerjaan/kegiatan berlangsung.

Contoh: for 2 hours (selama 2 jam), for 5 years (selama 5 tahun)

Contoh kalimat:

  • I’ve been walking since 2 days ago. (Saya sudah jalan dari 2 hari lalu).
  • I’ve been walking for 2 days. (Saya sudah jalan selama 2 hari).

Contoh lainnya:

  • Soleh sudah belajar Bahasa Inggris selama 2 tahun. >> Soleh has been studying English for 2 years.
  • Tetangga-tetanggaku sudah bertengkar sejak minggu lalu. >> My neighbors have been fighting since last week.

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PRACTICE
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  1. They (travel) all over Europe.
  2. We (talk) for more than ten hours.
  3. It (rain) all day long.
  4. I (plan) this trip since last year.
  5. She (wait) for the bus for three hours.

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ANSWER
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  1. They have been traveling all over Europe.
  2. We have been talking for more than ten hours.
  3. It has been raining all day long.
  4. I have been planning this trip since last year.
  5. She has been waiting for the bus for three hours.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on November 27, 2011

2 thoughts on “#EngClass: Present Perfect Progressive (positive)”

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