#EngClass: Participial adjective (2)

Hi, Fellas! Apakah kalian sering terbalik saat menggunakan kata surprised/surprising, excited/exciting, interested/interesting, dsb, di dalam kalimat? Kali ini kita akan membahas mengenai participial adjective. Semoga membantu.

Kita tahu bahwa adjective adalah kata sifat dan fungsinya untuk menjelaskan kata benda.

  • Contoh:
    • kuku tebal, apel merah, pintu lebar.
    • big house, pretty girl, soft pillow, sweet peaches, crunchy crackers,wide grin, dll.

Participial adjective adalah adjective (kata sifat) yang berbentuk V+ing (Present Participle) dan V+ed (Past Participle).

Walaupun participal adjective terbentuk dari verb (kata kerja) yang ditambah “-ing” atau “-ed“, fungsi dari kata tersebut adalah sebagai adjective.

  • Contoh:
    • a boring film,
    • an excited girl,
    • an amusing story – an amused audience,
    • a confusing situation – a confused student,
    • a stunning performance – a stunned crowd.

Kata “boring”, “excited”, “amusing”, “amused”, “confusing”, “confused”, “stunning”, dan “stunned” pada contoh di atas adalah adjective (kata sifat) yang menjelaskan noun (kata benda).

Lantas apakah bedanya? Apakah artinya sama? Tidak.

Participial Adjective V+ing dan V+ed memiliki arti yang berbeda. Akan lebih mudah jika perbedaannya dijelaskan dalam beberapa contoh berikut

  • Contoh (a):
    • “The girl is entertained.”
    • “The show is entertaining.”

Kata “entertained” menjelaskan bahwa gadis itu merasa “terhibur,” sedangkan “entertaining”  menerangkan bahwa pertunjukkan tersebut menyebabkan/memberikan rasa “menghibur.”

  • Contoh (b):
    • “I am interested.”
    • “He is interesting.”

interested” menjelaskan bahwa “saya” merasa “tertarik,” sedangkan “interesting” menjelaskan “dia” menyebabkan/memberikan rasa “menarik”.

Jelas bukan perbedaannya? Coba bedakan:

She is exhausted.” dan “Her work is exhausting.”

Siapakah yang merasa lelah? Apakah yang membuatnya kelelahan?

Practice

  1. My bath was (relaxing/relaxed). I feel (relaxing/relaxed) now.
  2. Joy is (tiring/tired) because she had a (tiring/tired) day.
  3. The direction to the hotel was (confusing/confused). The driver was (confusing/confused).
  4. So much work was (overwhelming/overwhelmed). The staff are (overwhelming/overwhelmed).
  5. Your jokes are (amusing/amused). I am (amusing/amused).
  6. I was so (entertaining/entertained) by the movie. The movie was very (entertaining/entertained).
  7. His company is (interesting/interested) at my work. My work is very (interesting/interested).
  8. My dad’s words were (upsetting/upset). I felt (upsetting/upset).
  9. They’re talking too loud. I am (annoying/annoyed). The noise is (annoying/annoyed).
  10. I was (intriguing/intrigued). The sculpture was (intriguing/intrigued).

Answer

  1. My bath was (relaxing). I feel (relaxed) now.
  2. Joy is (tired) because she had a (tiring) day.
  3. The direction to the hotel was (confusing). The driver was (confused).
  4. So much work was (overwhelming). The staff are (overwhelmed).
  5. Your jokes are (amusing). I am (amused).
  6. I was so (entertained) by the movie. The movie was very (entertaining).
  7. His company is (interested) at my work. My work is very (interesting).
  8. My dad’s words were (upsetting). I felt (upset).
  9. They’re talking too loud. I am (annoyed). The noise is (annoying).
  10. I was (intrigued). The sclupture was (intriguing).

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on Wednesday, November 16, 2011

Related post(s):

^MD

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6 responses to “#EngClass: Participial adjective (2)

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