#EngClass: Present Perfect Tense vs Simple Past Tense

Hi, fellas! Minggu-minggu lalu kita sudah bahas tentang Present Perfect Tense dan Simple Past Tense. Yang ketinggalan/mau baca lagi bisa mampir ke: Past (PT) di sini dan Present Perfect (PPT) di sini

Ready? Seperti yang sudah dibahas minggu lalu, perbedaan terbesar PPT dan PT ada pada MAKSUD yang hendak disampaikan.

Maksud (A): PPT menyampaikan bahwa sesuatu SUDAH terjadi, lebih menekankan pada suatu “kegiatan” yang sudah terjadi.
Contoh: I’ve eaten. I’ve met her.

Maksud (B): PT menyampaikan bahwa sesuatu terjadi di WAKTU LAMPAU, lebih menekankan pada waktu kejadian.
contoh: I met her last week.

Ada beberapa perbedaan lain antara penggunaan Present Perfect Tense (PPT) dan Past Tense (PT). Kali ini akan kita bahas satu per satu yah.

(A) PPT dipakai jika PERIODE waktu peristiwa BELUM berakhir.

Contoh: I’ve met her this week. Periode minggu ini belum selesai.

(A) PT dipakai jika PERIODE waktu peristiwa SUDAH berakhir.

Contoh: I met her last week. Periode minggu lalu sudah selesai.

(B) PPT sering dipakai untuk menyatakan berita yang BARU SAJA TERJADI (recent news).

Contoh: He has crashed his car again. Baru saja terjadi.

(B) PT dipakai untuk menyampaikan BERITA YANG TIDAK BARU.

Contoh: He crashed his car last year. Bukan baru saja terjadi, tapi terjadi tahun lalu.

(C) PPT dipakai kalau WAKTU peristiwa TIDAK SPESIFIK.

Contoh: They’ve seen that movie already. Keterangan waktu tidak spesifik, tidak jelas kapan.

(C) PT dipakai kalau WAKTU peristiwa JELAS.

Contoh: They saw that movie last month. Ada keterangan waktu yang jelas.

(D) PPT digunakan dengan for/since apabila kejadian BELUM berakhir, atau diRAGUkan kelanjutannya, ada kemungkinan masih berlanjut.

Contoh PPT: I’ve lived in Bali for 5 years. Sekarang masih tinggal di Bali.

(D) PT digunakan dengan for/since apabila kejadian SUDAH berakhir dengan PASTI.

Contoh: I lived in Bali for 5 years. Sekarang sudah tidak tinggal di Bali.

========
PRACTICE
========

  1. Peter (played/have played/has played) football yesterday.
  2. They (has cleaned/ have cleaned/ cleaned) the car. It looks new again.
  3. We (has never visited/visited/have never visited) another country before.
  4. The boys (did not eat/have not eaten/has not eaten) their breakfast yet.
  5. Laras (lived/has lived/have lived) in Batam for five years, but she left in 1999.
  6. Somebody (stole/has stolen/have stolen) my bicycle! Now I’ll have to walk home.
  7. Gerry (fell/has fallen/falling) off his bike three times this month.
  8. I (saw/have seen/has seen) the movie Titanic three times. I’m going to see it again tonight.
  9. Ouch! (I cut/I’ve cut/I’m cut) my finger!
  10. I (lost/have lost/loose) my key yesterday, so I couldn’t get into the house. Eventually, I found it in my jacket pocket.

=======
ANSWER
=======

  1. Peter (played) football yesterday.
  2. They (have cleaned) the car. It looks new again.
  3. We (have never visited) another country before.
  4. The boys (have not eaten) their breakfast yet.
  5. Laras (lived) in Batam for five years, but she left in 1999.
  6. Somebody (has stolen) my bicycle! Now I’ll have to walk home.
  7. Gerry (has fallen) off his bike three times this month.
  8. I (have seen) the movie Titanic three times. I’m going to see it again tonight.
  9. Ouch! (I’ve cut) my finger!
  10. I (lost) my key yesterday, so I couldn’t get into the house. Eventually, I found it in my jacket pocket.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on November 13, 2011

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6 thoughts on “#EngClass: Present Perfect Tense vs Simple Past Tense”

  1. lho itu yang contoh recent news past perfect tense : he has crashed. bukannya he had crashed ya?
    kalau has itu present perfect tense, bukan? :|

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