#EngClass: Relative clause

Relative clause merupakan anak kalimat yang berfungsi menerangkan keadaan dari orang atau benda yang mendahuluinyaRelative clause biasa dikenal juga sebagai adjective clause.

Istilah ‘relative clause’ diciptakan karena klausa tersebut menghubungkan (relate) benda atau orang di klausa pendahulu dengan klausa di belakangnya. Dengan demikian, kata penghubung  yang digunakan pun untuk menghubungkan dua klausa itu juga disebut relative pronoun. 

Terdapat beberapa jenis relative pronoun, antara lain

  1. Who, yang menerangkan orang sebagai subjek.
    • Contoh:
      • A boy is sitting next to Linda. Do you know the boy?
        • >> Do you know the boy who is sitting next to Linda?
  2. Whom, yang menerangkan orang sebagai objek.
    • Contoh:
      • My teacher was away on holiday. I wanted to meet her.”
        • >> My teacher whom I want to meet was away on holiday.
  3. Whose, yang menerangkan orang sebagai pemilik (kepunyaan).
    • Contoh:
      • I know that man. His car is lost.”
        • >> I know that man whose car is lost.
  4. Which, yang menerangkan benda sebagai subjek maupun objek.
    • Contoh:
      • The glass is on the table. The glass contains milk.”
        • >> The glass which is on the table contains milk.
  5. That, yang menerangkan orang maupun benda sebagai subjek maupun objek.
    • Contoh:
      • Josh doesn’t like the table. The table stands in the garden.”
        • >> Josh doesn’t like the table that stands in the garden.

 

Compiled and written by @ChatrineYK at @EnglishTips4U on Tuesday, November 08, 2011

Related post(s):

^MD

Advertisements

4 responses to “#EngClass: Relative clause

  1. Pingback: #EngQuiz: Spot The Mistakes | @EnglishTips4U·

  2. Pingback: #EngClass: Time related adverb clause | @EnglishTips4U·

  3. Pingback: #EngTrivia: Restrictive and Non-restrictive clause | @EnglishTips4U·

  4. Pingback: #EngClass: Relative clause (2) | @EnglishTips4U·

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s