#EngClass: Present Perfect Tense (positive)

Hi, fellas! Hari ini kita lanjut dengan Present Perfect Tense ya. Semoga bahasannya tidak bikin bingung. *fingers crossed*

Present Perfect dipakai untuk menyatakan pekerjaan/perbuatan yang SUDAH terjadi di waktu lampau. Bisa jadi sudah berhenti atau masih berlanjut.

Banyak yang bingung membedakan Present Perfect Tense dan Past Tense karena keduanya sama-sama terjadi di masa lampau.

Perbedaan terbesar ada di “maksud” yang mau kita sampaikan.

Past Tense = untuk menyatakan bahwa sesuatu yang TERJADI di masa lampau.

Contoh: Pergi tadi pagi, pindah kemarin, makan barusan, beli bulan lalu, dll.

Present Perfect Tense = untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang SUDAH terjadi.

Contoh: Sudah pergi, sudah pindah, sudah makan, sudah beli, dll.

Present Perfect Tense juga bisa digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang SUDAH terjadi, tapi tidak jelas kapan terjadinya dan bisa jadi sudah berhenti atau masih berlanjut.

Kata keterangan waktu Present Perfect Tense: since (sejak), almost (hampir), never (tidak pernah), for (selama), just (baru saja), already (sudah selesai), lately/recently/nowadays (akhir-akhir ini).

Bentuk kalimat positive Present Perfect Tense:

S + have/has + V3.

V3 = Past Participle dari verb.

Ada 2 macam verb: regular (V1 + ed) dan irregular (HAFAL).

Coba kita bedakan: “I worked there last month.” dan “I have worked there for 20 years”.

“I worked there last month.” – Past Tense. Maksud kalimat: Saya kerja di sana bulan lalu. Penekanan maksud pada “waktu: bulan lalu”.

“I’ve worked there for 20 years.” – Present Perfect Tense. Maksud: Saya SUDAH kerja di sana selama 20 tahun.

Contoh 1: Saya sudah menyelesaikan pekerjaan saya.

S = Saya – I; V1 = menyelesaikan – finish; V3 = finished; sudah menyelesaikan = have finished.

Jadi susunan yang benar = I have finished my work. Arti: Saya sudah menyelesaikan pekerjaan saya.

 Contoh 2: Saya sudah melewati toko itu 3 kali.

S = Saya – I; V1 = melewati – pas; V3 = passed; sudah melewati = have passed; 3 kali = 3 times.

Jadi susunan yang benar = I have passed that store three times. Arti: Saya sudah melewati toko itu tiga kali.

Ayo coba kita praktek.

Apa arti kalimat berikut? I have watched The Three Musketeers.

Jawaban: Saya sudah menonton The Three Musketeers.

Satu lagi yah. Terjemahkan kalimat berikut: Saya sudah mengunjungi Bali 5 kali.

 Jawaban: I have visited Bali 5 times.

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PRACTICE
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Waktunya latihan! Lengkapi kalimat-kalimat berikut. Jangan lupa cantumkan nomor soal dan jawab dalam kalimat lengkap yah.

  1. I (speak) to the students many times.
  2. The couple (visit) their hometown.
  3. Susan (return) my dictionary.
  4. I’m afraid that I (lose) my keys.
  5. They (learn) many new words.
  6. He (leave) his hometown in Bandung.
  7. She (know) him for a long time.
  8. You (take) music lessons for many years.
  9. She (take) good care of her parents.
  10. I (write) three letters so far.

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ANSWER
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  1. I have spoken to the students many times.
  2. The couple have visited their hometown.
  3. Susan has returned my dictionary.
  4. I’m afraid that I have lost my keys.
  5. They have learned/learnt many new words.
  6. He has left his hometown in Bandung.
  7. She has known him for a long time.
  8. You have taken music lessons for many years.
  9. She has taken good care of her parents.
  10. I have written three letters so far.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on November 6, 2011

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