#EngClass: verb forms

DYK that verbs (kata kerja) have 6 forms, where as verb “be” has 9 forms.

Verb forms:
1. Infinitive, 2. Base (V1), 3. Past Simple (V2), 4. Past Participle (V3), 5. Present Participle (V -ing), 6. Present Simple.

(1) Infinitive = to + verb.
It’s NOT a verb, so you can’t add “s”, “es”, “ed” or “ing”. Infinitives function as nouns, adjectives, adverbs.

Contoh: To relax (infinitive as noun) is the only thing Clara wants after a hard day at work. He loves to splurge.

(2) Base verbs (V1) are used in Simple Present and Future Tenses.

Contoh: They drink coffee every day. He will come tomorrow.

(3) Past simple hanya digunakan pada Simple Past Tense, terbagi 2: regular (verb + ed) and irregular verbs (WAJIB hafal).

Contoh: She baked (regular V2) a loaf of bread yesterday. They drank (irregular V2) too much beer last night.

(4) Past participle (V3) dipakai pada “Perfect” Tenses. Maksud “Perfect” (Tense) adalah sesuatu yang selesai dilakukan sebelum kejadian lain terjadi. Past participle (V3) seperti V2 juga terbagi 2: regular (V + ed) dan irregular verbs (WAJIB dihafal).

Contoh: She has taken music lessons for many years (Present Perfect). He had left before I got there (Past perfect).

(5) Present Participle (V + ing) digunakan pada “Progressive” Tenses, menunjukkan proses atau sesuatu yang sedang berlangsung.

Contoh: We’re discussing verb forms (Present Progressive). I will be studying when you come tomorrow (Future Progressive).

(6) Present Simple (3rd person singular). Masih ingat bahasan kita tentang Present Tense? Untuk Subject He/She/It “s/es” ditambah pada verb.

Contoh: She cooks lasagna every Thursday. He always drives his car to work.

Contoh irregular verbs (v1-v2-v3): bite-bit-bitten, blow-blew-blown, take-took-taken, rise-rose-risen, set-set-set.

Daftar irregular verbs hampir selalu disertakan di setiap kamus bahasa Inggris.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on October 29, 2011

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