#EngClass: Adverbial clause

Adverbial clause merupakan anak kalimat (clause) yang digunakan/berfungsi sebagai adverb (kata keterangan). Adverbial clause dapat menyatakan waktu, tempat, pertentangan, keadaan, tujuan/hasil, dan sebab-akibat.

Penggunaan adverbial clause selalu diawali dengan subordinating conjunction (misal: ‘after,’ ‘because,’ ‘although’.) Karena merupakan anak kalimat, maka jangan lupa bahwa adverbial clause juga memiliki subjek dan predikat.

Pengelompokan adverbial clause biasanya ditentukan dari conjunction (kata penghubung) yang mendahuluinya. Jenis-jenis adverbial clause antara lain: clause of time, clause of place, clause of contrast, clause of manner, clause of purpose and result, clause of cause and effect, dan clause of condition.

Clause of time

Clause of time menunjukkan waktu, conjunction yang digunakan antara lainafter,’ ‘before,’ ‘when,’ ‘since,’ ‘while,’ ‘as.’


  • “I will sign the check before you leave.”
  • “You may begin after you are ready.”
  • “Marina saw an accident while she was walking home.”

Clause of place

Clause of place menunjukkan tempat, conjunction yang digunakan antara lain ‘where,’ ‘nowhere,’ ‘anywhere,’ ‘wherever,’ ‘everywhere.’


  • “The bodyguard stood where he was positioned.”
  • “You can go wherever you like.”
  • “Where there is a will, there is a way.”

Clause of contrast

Clause of contrast menunjukkan pertentangan antara dua kejadian atau peristiwa yang saling berhubungan. Conjunction yang digunakan dalam clause of contrast ini antara lain although,’ ‘though,’ ‘even though,’ ‘whereas,’ ‘even if,’ ‘in spite of.’


  • “Although Mr. Joko is poor, he is happy.”
  • “Even though school is hard, I will never give up.”

Clause of manner

Clause of manner menunjukkan cara suatu pekerjaan dilakukan atau bagaimana suatu peristiwa dapat terjadi. Conjunction yang digunakan pada clause of manner ini antara lain as,’ ‘how,’ ‘like,’ ‘in that,’ ‘the way.’


  • “Tomi did it the way I told him.”
  • “Leoni acts like she’s a child.”

Clause of purpose and result

Clause of purpose and result menunjukkan hubungan antara maksud/tujuan dan hasil. Conjunction yang digunakan pada clause of purpose and result antara lain(in order) that,’ ‘so that,’ ‘in the hope that,’ ‘in case.’


  • “They are saving their money so that they may take a long vacation next year.”
  • “It was so hot that we didn’t go out.”

Clause of cause and effect

Clause of cause and effect menunjukkan hubungan sebab dan akibat. Conjunction yang digunakan pada clause of cause and effect antara lain because,’ ‘because of,’ ‘due to,’ ‘since,’ ‘therefore.’


  • “He didn’t go in because he was late.”
  • “Since I didn’t have enough money to go on vacation, I stayed home.”

Clause of condition

Clause of condition menunjukkan adanya kemungkinan atau persyaratan antara dua kejadian yang berhubungan. Conjunction yang digunakan pada clause of condition antara lain ‘if,’ ‘unless,’ ‘in case,’ ‘provided (that),’ ‘if only,’ ‘suppose (that).’


  • In case you can’t find the document, give me a call.
  • Provided you are old enough, you can apply for the job.

Compiled and written by @ChatrineYK at @EnglishTips4U on Thursday, October 13, 2011

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