#EngClass: Simple Present Tense (positive)

Hi, fellas! Pernah denger yang namanya Simple Present Tense? Banyak yang masih sering lupa atau salah menggunakan Simple Present Tense.

Kali ini kita bahas bentuk kalimat positive dulu yah. Cara membuat kalimat Simple Present Tense:

Subject + Verb 1 (+ s/es) + Object/adverb

Verb 1 (V1) adalah kata kerja dasar yang belum mengalami perubahan (infinitive). Contoh infinitive: walk, drink, think, dll.

V1 ditambahkan “s”/”es” apabila subject kalimat: he, she, it, dan nama orang/benda/binatang dalam bentuk tunggal. Contoh: chicken (tunggal), chickens (Jamak).

Akhiran -es ditambahkan ke kata kerja berakhiran: ch (watches), s (misses), sh (-wishes), x (fixes), z (buzzes), o (goes, does).

Verb berakhiran huruf y yang didahului huruf KONSONAN: ‘y’ diganti ‘i’ dan ditambah ‘es’. Contoh: carries, cries, studies.

Verb berakhiran huruf y yang didahului huruf VOKAL: verb hanya ditambah ‘s’. Contoh: buys, says, pays.

Simple Present Tense digunakan untuk:

  1. Menyatakan kebiasaan, peristiwa/perbuatan/pekerjaan yang berulang-ulang. Contoh: They always treat her well. She teaches English at school.
  2. Menyatakan kebenaran umum, sesuatu yang sesuai dengan kenyataan, fakta alam. Contoh: The sun rises from the east. The rain falls from the sky.
  3. Menunjukkan kemampuan, kemahiran, watak, sifat seseorang. Contoh: George is friendly. Chris works fast. She speaks English fluently.
  4. Mengutip berita, surat, buku, pengumuman. Contoh: The sign warns us not to touch the fuse box. The manual book advises us to clean it once a week.
  5. Menyatakan kebiasaan rutin atau kegiatan sehari-hari. Contoh: She goes to work everyday. He comes home late every Friday.
  6. Rencana yang akan segera dilakukan dalam waktu dekat. Contoh: The film starts at 1.45 pm.
  7. Narasi film, acara atau pertandingan olahraga yang sedang berlangsung. Contoh: She opens the door. He stands up from the chair and walks toward her.

Beberapa keterangan waktu yang menunjukkan Simple Present Tense: always (selalu), often (sering), usually (biasanya), generally (umumnya), sometimes/on and off/now and then (kadang-kadang), seldom (jarang), rarely (jarang), once a week/month/year (sekali se-minggu/bulan/tahun), every day/week/month/year (setiap hari/minggu/bulan/tahun), every fortnight (setiap dua minggu).

PRACTICE:

  1. We … our dog twice a day. (memberi makan)
  2. The cat … under the tree. (duduk)
  3. She … the lunchbox. (melupakan)
  4. You … your glasses. (memerlukan)
  5. She … a snake. (menyentuh)
  6. Pat … her tightly before he … to work. (memeluk, pergi)
  7. He … in the library everyday after school. (bekerja)
  8. The bilboard … people not to smoke. (menyarankan)
  9. The children … in the park. (bermain)
  10. He … hard everyday. (belajar)

ANSWER KEY:

  1. feed
  2. sits
  3. forgets
  4. need
  5. touches
  6. hugs, goes
  7. works
  8. advises/suggests/recommends
  9. play
  10. studies

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on October 9, 2011

9 thoughts on “#EngClass: Simple Present Tense (positive)”

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