#EngClass: Capitalization

Topik ini sangat sederhana tapi sering sekali kita lupakan. Hayo, siapa di antara kamu yang suka menyepelekan penggunaan huruf kapital?

Ada setidaknya 9 aturan kapan kita harus menggunakan huruf kapital. Mungkin aturan yang sama berlaku dalam Bahasa Indonesia.

  1. Kata pertama dalam kalimat.
    • Example:
      • “We went to the cinema last night.”
      • They are often late.”
      • “The house looks so big.”
  2. Nama orang.
    • Example:
      • “We met Andrew at the beach yesterday.”
      • “They don’t know Rizky that well.”
      • “Where is Ayu?”
      • “That’s Ian.”
  3. Gelar yang digunakan bersamaan dengan nama orang.
    • Example:
      • “We like Professor (Prof.) Rizky’s class.”
      • “She’s meeting Doctor (Dr.) Ayu.”
  4. Nama bulan, hari, hari libur.
    • Example:
      • “He was born in May.”
      • “We usually have our weekly meeting on Tuesday.”
      • “Merry Christmas!”
  5. Nama tempat: kota, provinsi/negara bagian, negara, benua, laut, danau, sungai, gurun, gunung, sekolah, jalan, gedung, dll.
    • Example:
      • “They’re from Italy.”
      • “India is in Asia.”
      • Mount Jayawijaya is in Papua.”
      • “He goes to University of Indonesia.”
  6. Nama mata kuliah/mata pelajaran.
    • Example:
      • “I’m taking Biochemistry this semester.”
      • “Oh no, I will have an English test tomorrow!”
  7. Nama bahasa dan kebangsaan.
    • Example:
      • “Do you speak Mandarin?”
      • “They speak Javanese.”
      • “We are Indonesian.”
      • “She’s German.”
  8. Nama agama.
    • Example:
      • “Some of the major religions in the world are Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity.
      • “Ayu is a Moslem.”
  9. Pronoun/kata ganti “I”. Ingat, penulisan “I” selalu menggunakan huruf kapital.
    • Example:
      • “Yesterday was the last time I met him.”


  1. “There are many volcanic mountains in Indonesia.” Correct (C)/ incorrect (I)?
  2. “I live at jalan sudirman 5.” Correct (C)/ incorrect (I)?
  3. “She is a devoted christian.” Correct (C)/ incorrect (I)?
  4. “I think calculus is the most difficult course I’m taking this term.” Correct (C)/ incorrect (I)?
  5. “Some professors in our university are American graduates.” Correct (C)/ incorrect (I)?
  6. “My father and i used to go fishing at the sea.” Correct (C)/ incorrect (I)?
  7. “we never knew where he lived until he told us.” Correct (C)/ incorrect (I)?
  8. “Are you from Surabaya?” Correct (C)/ incorrect (I)?
  9. “They had the chance to travel in europe when they studied in Netherlands.” Correct (C)/ incorrect (I)?
  10. “Have you ever met john smith before?” Correct (C)/ incorrect (I)?


  1. C
  2. I (Jalan Sudirman)
  3. I (Christian)
  4. I (Calculus)
  5. C
  6. I (I)
  7. I (We)
  8. C
  9. I (Europe)
  10. I (John Smith)

Compiled and written by @NenoNeno at @EnglishTips4U on Friday, September 30, 2011



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