#EngClass: “it’s” vs “its”

Pernah mengalami bingung mau menggunakan “it’s” atau “its”? Apa sih bedanya? Gimana cara pakainya? Yuk kita bahas.

  1. Kalau bisa diganti dengan “it is” atau “it has”, berarti penulisan yang benar adalah “it’s”. Lain dari itu penulisannya “its”.
  2. Kalau menunjukkan milik, berarti penulisan yang benar adalah “its”. Otherwise it’s spelled “it’s”, dengan tanda kutip sebelum “s”.

Lah trus gimana membedakan “is” and “has” di “it’s”?

“is” is a verb be, dan berarti “adalah”. Ada 5 cara penggunaan “is” (to be):

  1. Sebelum adjective(kata sifat). Contoh:
    • He is very generous.
    • The book is interesting.
  2. Sebelum adverb of time/place (kata keterangan waktu/tempat) or preposition.Contoh:
    • She is in the office.
    • The show is after the news.
  3. Sebelum noun(kata benda). Contoh:
    • A banana is a fruit.
    • She is an artist.
  4. Sebelum V -ingdlm kalimat present continuous tense. Contoh:
    • He is watching his favourite TV program.
    • She is visiting her friend.
  5. Sebelum V3dalam kalimat pasif. Contoh:
    • The letter is witten by her.
    • The mail is delivered by the postman.

“it’s” juga bisa berarti “it has” dalam kalimat present perfect tense (S + has/have + V3). Contoh:

  • It’s (it has) been raining since this morning.
  • It’s (it has) never affected anyone else.

“its” adalah bentuk Possessive Pronoun dan Possessive Adjective dari Pronoun “it”, fungsinya sebagai kata ganti empunya (milik).
“its” = belonging to “it”. Contoh:

  • The cat licks its wound (lukanya).
  • I don’t recall its size (ukurannya).

PRACTICE:

Yuk kita coba jurus-jurus barusan. Fill in the gap with “it’s” or “its”

  1. ………. been a while since I last saw you.
  2. ………. a great place to exercise.
  3. ………. surface had been disfigured for a long time. It was a great furniture.
  4. I’ve never known that ………. going to be this huge.
  5. ………. slowly drifting away.
  6. My rabbit always stays in ………. cage.

——————–
ANSWER KEY:

  1. It’s.
  2. It’s.
  3. Its.
  4. It’s.
  5. It’s.
  6. Its.

Compiled and written by @Miss_Qiak at @EnglishTips4U on September 28, 2011

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