#EngClass: Participial adjective

Kali ini kita akan membahas participial adjective. Apakah itu? Kalian pasti pernah mendengar kata “boring” dan “bored” kan?

Participial adjective adalah kata sifat yang diambil dari the past participle (-ed) dan the present participle (-ing).

Seringkali terdapat salah penggunaan antara the past participle dan the present participle dalam sebuah kalimat, seperti:

  • “I’m interested in English.” | “I’m interesting in English.”
  • “English is interesting.” | “English is interested.

Kata yang dibentuk dari the past participle (interested) menjelaskan apa yang dirasakan seseorang.

  • Contoh:
    • “Saya tertarik dengan Bahasa Inggris.” -> “I’m interested in English.”

“interested” menjelaskan bagaimana perasaan saya terhadap Bahasa Inggris.

Kata yang terbentuk dari the present participle (interesting) menjelaskan penyebab dari perasaan tertarik pada ‘saya.’ Dalam contoh di atas, penyebabnya adalah ‘bahasa Inggris’ dan kata ‘interesting’ menjelaskan bahwa suatu hal (bahasa Inggris) itu menarik.

Untuk membuat kalimat dengan menggunakan participal adjective dapat aturan penulisan sebagai berikut:

S + be + adjective

Contoh:

  • “I was surprised.”
  • “The news was surprising.”

Exercise

1. I don’t like our new teacher. He really bores me. I think he is a (boring/bored) person.
boring
correct!
bored

2. I don’t understand these formulas. They are so (confusing/confused).
confusing
correct!
confused

3. Have you heard about the latest news? I’m so (exciting/excited) to tell you!
excited
correct!
exciting

4. I had never been to Raja Ampat before. But when I was there, I was really (fascinating/fascinated).
fascinated
correct!
fascinating

5. Everyone was (shocking/shocked) when they heard the minister’s corruption scandal for the first time.
shocked
correct!
shocking

6. I will never sing in front of the class again! It was so (embarrassing/embarrassed).
embarassed
correct!
embarassing

7. I feel very (tiring/tired) after the long trip.
tiring
correct!
tired

8. I don’t think I can watch that movie. It’s so very (depressing/depressed).
depressing
correct!
depressed

9. Oh my goodness, look at the size of that cake! It’s very (tempting/tempted). I want to eat it!
tempting
correct!
tempted

10. She never really finished that work. I guess she’s already . . . (frustrating/frustrated) because of it.
frustrated
correct!
frustrating

 

Compiled and written by  for  on Friday, July 29, 2011

Related post(s):

^MD

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7 responses to “#EngClass: Participial adjective

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